|Mukhtar Robow |
|Deputy Leader of Al-Shabaab|
10 October 1969|
Robow was born on 10 October 1969 in Hudur, in the Bakool region in southern Somalia. He studied at a local Qur'anic school, and later continued his religious education in the mosques of Mogadishu as well as those of his home region. A member of the Rahaweyn clan (which is particularly well represented in the Baidoa area), and more specifically of the Leysan sub-clan, Robow also studied Islamic law in the 1990s at the University of Khartoum in Sudan.
Islamic Courts Union and Al-Shabaab
Robow subsequently returned to Mogadishu and worked for the Saudi Al-Haramain Foundation, which was later accused by the United States of having links with Islamic terrorists. Robow then taught Islamic education to orphans the foundation was looking after. His Arabic nickname "Abu Mansur" reinforces the theory that he has frequented Middle East radical Islamists.
Robow later served as the Deputy Commander of the Islamic Courts Union, which controlled much of the south of Somalia. A hardline and radical Islamist who fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan in the early 2000s, Robow was blacklisted by the United States as a terrorist leader.
Robow appeared in videos with deceased American militant Abu Mansoor Al-Amriki.
Robow and other leading Al-Shabaab members challenged the leadership of Ahmed Abdi Godane (Moktar Ali Zubeyr) at Barawe in June 2013. Godane killed two of the leading members, and Robow fled to his home district. Godane's forces launched an offensive against Robow's supporters, it was reported in August 2013.
On 23 June 2017, United States Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) removed him Reward for Justice (RFJ) list following discussions was made with the Somali government after a USD $5 million bounty was placed on him for information leading to his location on June 7, 2012.
On 13 August 2017, he surrendered to the Somali Government authorities. In a press conference held in Mogadishu shortly after, he denounced Al-Shabaab and called on its members to quit the group.
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- Ugas, Ahmednor (20 September 2013). "Al Shabaab leader speaks out". SomaliCurrent. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
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- "Somalia: Alshabab leader assigns a commander to launch fighting against Mukhtar Robow wing". Qalin News. 4 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2014.
- "US drops former Al-Shabab leader from 'RFJ List'". Hiiraan Online. 23 June 2017.
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- "Former Al-Shabaab deputy leader surrenders". CNN. 13 August 2017.
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