Shigella boydii

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Shigella boydii
Shigella boydii 01.jpg
S. boydii on Hektoen enteric agar
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Enterobacteriales
Family: Enterobacteriaceae
Genus: Shigella
Species: S. boydii
Binomial name
Shigella boydii
Ewing 1949

Shigella boydii is a Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Shigella. Like other members of the genus, S. boydii is a nonmotile, nonsporeforming, rod-shaped bacterium which can cause dysentery in humans through fecal-oral contamination.[1][page needed]

S. boydii is the most genetically divergent species of the Shigella genus.[2] There are 19 known serotypes of Shigella boydii.[3][4][5] Shigella boydii is restricted to the Indian subcontinent.[4]

The species is named after the American bacteriologist Mark Frederick Boyd.[6][7]

Sequenced genomes[edit]

  • Shigella boydii strain BS512 (serotype 18; group 1): one chromosome; five plasmids

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ryan, Kenneth James; Ray, C. George, eds. (2004). Sherris medical microbiology: an introduction to infectious diseases (4 ed.). McGraw-Hill Professional Med/Tech. ISBN 978-0-8385-8529-0. 
  2. ^ Feng L; Senchenkova SN; Yang J; Shashkov AS; Tao J; Guo H; Zhao G; Knirel YA; Reeves P; Wang L (2004). "Structural and Genetic Characterization of the Shigella boydii Type 13 O Antigen". Journal of Bacteriology 186 (2): 383–392. doi:10.1128/JB.186.2.383-392.2004. PMC 305744. PMID 14702307. 
  3. ^ Yang Z., Hu C., Chen J., Chen G., Liu Z. (1990). A new serotype of Shigella boydii. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao.; 30(4): 284-95
  4. ^ a b Yang F, Yang J, Zhang X, et al. (2005). "Genome dynamics and diversity of Shigella species, the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery". Nucleic Acids Research 33 (19): 6445–6458. doi:10.1093/nar/gki954. PMC 1278947. PMID 16275786. 
  5. ^ Pupo GM; Lan R; Reeves PR (September 2000). "Multiple independent origins of Shigella clones of Escherichia coli and convergent evolution of many of their characteristics". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97 (19): 10567–72. doi:10.1073/pnas.180094797. PMC 27065. PMID 10954745. 
  6. ^ Shigella boydii at Who Named It?
  7. ^ Mark Frederick Boyd at Who Named It?

External links[edit]