Shyamala Gopinath (born 20 June 1949) is Chairperson of HDFC Bank, India's largest lender by market capitalization. Gopinath is a former deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), a position she served for seven years. She was actively involved in managing India's balance of payments crisis in 1991 that led to the first round of economic liberalization. Making the returns of small saving schemes market-linked was one of most significant recommendations made by the Shyamala Gopinath panel, constituted on July 8, 2010. Finally, the Government of India in February 2016 notified that instead of annual resetting of interest rates for the next financial year, the interest rates from now on will be reset every quarter based on the G-Sec yields of the previous quarter. She had earlier assisted the second Narasimhan committee on banking sector reforms.
During her school days, Gopinath wanted to study Mathematics and become a Teacher. However, her ambitions changed after selecting Commerce stream. Incidentally, she had opted Commerce as a subject to avoid studying History. She was among the few women students to post-graduate in Commerce from University of Mysore in 1970. After her post-graduate degree, she had decided on a career in Commercial Banking and joined Bank of Baroda but at her father's insistence, she appeared for RBI competitive examination and even topped it.
Career in RBI
Gopinath joined the RBI as an officer in April 1972. During 1972-1996, she rose through the ranks to become Chief General Manager in 1996, a position she held until 2001. Starting June 2001, she was on deputation  as Senior Financial Expert at IMF where she worked in the then Monetary Affairs and Exchange Department - Financial Institutions Division. She was responsible for the Accompanying Document to the Guidelines on Foreign exchange reserve management detailing country practices. During July 2003 to September 2004, as Executive Director  of RBI, she was responsible for the Bank Regulation and Supervision department till February 2004, among others. She was elevated to the position of Deputy Governor in September 2004. During her tenure, she was involved in reforms in forex regulations and market development. She served in this position until June 2011 during which she handled various areas ranging from financial stability, debt management, and foreign exchange reserves management, to management of capital account, financial market regulation, supervision of non-banking finance companies, payments and settlements systems, RBI accounts and the RBI balance sheet.
Gopinath was known to be a low profile and compassionate Deputy Governor of the RBI. Liquidity management and regulation was her forte and is known to have handled crises  including the Kargil conflict of 1999, managing liquidity during the India Millennium Bond redemption in 2000, and the bankruptcy of Lehman brothers in 2008.
Role as HDFC Bank Chairperson
With effect from January 2, 2015, Shyamala Gopinath assumed charge  as part-time Non-Executive Chairperson of HDFC Bank for a period of 3 years. She is a member of Audit Committee (Chairperson), Nomination and Remuneration Committee, Risk Policy and Monitoring Committee, Customer Service Committee (Chairperson) and Fraud Monitoring Committee (Chairperson) at the premier bank.
Other Important positions
- She served on the Boards of State Bank of India Exim bank and National Housing Bank as nominee of Reserve Bank of India during her stint as Deputy Governor, RBI.
- She is Chairperson of the Corporate Bonds and Securitization Advisory Committee of SEBI  since July 2011.
- She is a Non-Executive Independent Director  of Tata Elxsi Limited since August 18, 2011.
- She served as a Chairperson of the Advisory Board on Bank Commercial and Financial Frauds of the Central Vigilance Commission from March 26, 2012  to March 26, 2014.
- She served as a Chairperson of The Clearing Corporation of India Limited  from July 25, 2012 to July 25, 2015.
- She served as a part-time Non Official Independent Director  of GAIL (India) Limited from February 29, 2012 to February 28, 2015.
- She served as an Independent Director  of E.I.D. - Parry (India) Limited from January 30, 2014 to August 5, 2015.
- She served as an Independent Director  of Indian Oil Corporation Limited from March 29, 2012 to June 25, 2015.
- She served as an Independent Director  at National Stock Exchange of India Ltd., from January 2012 to February 2014. This raised the question of conflict of interest.
- She was appointed as Independent Non-Executive on the Global Advisory Council of Ernst and Young in September 2011.
Shyamala Gopinath has given speeches in international and domestic fora. The topics range from approach to capital account management, centrality of banks in the financial system, macro prudential approach to regulation, over-the-counter derivative markets in India, pursuit of complete markets, changing dynamics of legal risks in the financial sector, technology in banks, retail payment systems and lessons for financial policy-making, among others.
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