Sisaket Province

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Sisaket

ศรีสะเกษ
Mun River
Mun River, Rasi Salai District
Flag of Sisaket
Flag
Official seal of Sisaket
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Sri Nakorn Lamduan
(honour of white cheesewood city)
Map of Thailand highlighting Sisaket Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Sisaket Province
CountryThailand
CapitalSisaket
Government
 • GovernorWatthana Phutthichat
(since October 2019)[1]
Area
 • Total8,840 km2 (3,410 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 21st
Population
 (2018)[3]
 • Total1,473,011
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density167/km2 (430/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 22nd
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5727 "somewhat low"
Ranked 51st
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
33xxx
Calling code045
ISO 3166 codeTH-33
Websitewww.sisaket.go.th

Sisaket Province (Thai: ศรีสะเกษ, RTGSsisaket, pronounced [sǐː sàʔ kèːt]), is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat). It lies in lower northeastern Thailand, a region called Isan. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise): Surin, Roi Et, Yasothon, and Ubon Ratchathani. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheay and Preah Vihear of Cambodia.

Geography[edit]

The province is in the valley of the Mun River, a tributary of the Mekong. The Dângrêk mountain chain, which forms the border with Cambodia, is in the south of the province. Khao Phra Wihan National Park covers an area of 130 km2 of the Dângrêk mountains in the southeast of the province. Established on 20 March 1998, it is named after a ruined Khmer Empire temple Prasat Preah Vihear (anglicised in Thailand as Prasat Khao Phra Wihan), now in Cambodia, which had been the focus of boundary dispute. The temple faces north and was built to serve the Sisaket region. Earlier maps had shown it as inside Thailand. However, a boundary survey conducted by the French for the Franco-Siamese Treaty of 1907 deviated from the agreed-upon international divide by watershed in order to place the temple on the French (Cambodian) side.

The Thai government ignored the deviation and continued to regard the temple as being in Sisaket Province. In the mid-1950s, newly independent Cambodia protested the Thai "occupation" of what the French map showed as theirs. Since the French map was clearly incorrect, in 1962 the Thai government agreed to submit the dispute to the International Court of Justice. The court voted nine to four to confirm the border as shown in 1907 map and awarded the temple to Cambodia. Access to the temple is still principally from the Thai side, as the ruins are difficult to reach from the Cambodian plains at the bottom of a sheer cliff several hundred meters below. The Cambodian government has expressed interest in building a cable car to carry tourists to the site, though this has yet to happen, pending resolution of the ownership of other areas in the Cambodian–Thai border dispute.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The many Khmer ruins found in the province show the area must have been important to the Khmer empire at least by the 12th century, although it was apparently sparsely populated. According to local tradition, it was known as Sri Nakorn Lamduan (ศรีนครลำดวน.) It was later called Khukhan, after a town built in the late-15th century CE during the reign of King Boromaratcha III of Ayutthaya. Ethnic Laos began settling the northern portion of the province, and in 1786 the town Sisaket was formed, subject to Khukhan. In 1904, Sisaket was renamed Khukhan, while the original Khukhan was designated Huai Nua.

Rasi Salai Dam

Monthon Udon Thani was created in 1912, and assumed the administration of the most of region. In 1933 the monthon system was ended, and the province of Khukhan was administered directly from Bangkok. Five years later, the name of the town and province were restored to Sisaket, with the district containing Huai Nua being called Khukhan.

The Rasi Salai Dam built here in 1994 was unofficially decommissioned in July 2000, following devastation of local farming villages.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

The province is populated by four main ethnic groups: Kui, Lao, Khmer, and Yer.[5] Sisaket is one of the provinces where there is a sizable northern Khmer population. In the 2000 census it was reported that 26.2 percent of the population are capable of speaking Khmer. This is down from the 1990 census when it was reported that 30.2 percent of the population were capable of speaking Khmer.[6] The majority are Lao speaking people.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows Prasat Hin Ban Samo, a Khmer temple about 1,000 years old, in the Prang Ku District.

The provincial flower and tree of the province is the White Cheesewood (Melodorum fruticosum). The six leaves of the flower symbolise the six original districts of the province: Khukhan, Kantharalak, Uthumphon Phisai, Kanthararom, Rasi Salai, and Khun Han.

Economy[edit]

Sisaket is largely agricultural.[citation needed] Among other agricultural produce, it is known for its garlic and its shallots, for which it was rewarded with GI registration in 2020.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Provincial government[edit]

Sisaket with 22 districts

The province is divided into 22 districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 206 sub-districts (tambons) and 2,411 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Sisaket
  2. Yang Chum Noi
  3. Kanthararom
  4. Kantharalak
  5. Khukhan
  6. Phrai Bueng
  7. Prang Ku
  8. Khun Han
  9. Rasi Salai
  10. Uthumphon Phisai
  11. Bueng Bun
  1. Huai Thap Than
  2. Non Khun
  3. Si Rattana
  4. Nam Kliang
  5. Wang Hin
  6. Phu Sing
  7. Mueang Chan
  8. Benchalak
  9. Phayu
  10. Pho Si Suwan
  11. Sila Lat

Local government[edit]

As of 26 November 2019 there is one Sisaket Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 37 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province.[8] Sisaket and Kantharalak have town (thesaban mueang) status. There are a further 35 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 179 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations, SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

Transportation[edit]

Sisaket is on the northeastern railway line from Bangkok (หัวลำโพง) to Warin Chamrap (วารินชำราบ). Sisaket's main station is Sisaket Railway Station. Sisaket has frequent bus service to and from Bangkok's Northern Bus Terminal (Thai: หมอชิดใหม่; RTGSmo chit mai)

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
55 68 26 58
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
4 12 76 27
Province Sisaket, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5727 is "somewhat low", occupies place 51 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 22. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.[dead link]
  3. ^ a b "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ Saengmanee, Pattarawadee (2019-03-23). "Splendid in Si Sa Ket". The Nation. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
  6. ^ "(Si Sa Ket) Key indicators of the population and household, population and housing census 1990 and 2000." Population and Housing Census 2000.(retrieved 14 Jul 2009)
  7. ^ Arunmas, Phusadee (24 June 2020). "Sri Sa Ket shallots, garlic join GI registration list". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 15°7′12″N 104°19′18″E / 15.12000°N 104.32167°E / 15.12000; 104.32167