A solar symbol is a symbol which symbolises the Sun. Solar symbols can have significance in psychoanalysis, symbolism, semiotics, astrology, religion, mythology, mysticism, divination, heraldry, and vexillology, among other fields.
- 1 Circular symmetry
- 2 Four-fold symmetry
- 3 Threefold symmetry
- 4 Six-fold symmetry
- 5 Rayed depictions
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
A simple circle or circular disk can be a solar symbol, as in the flag of Japan, the flag of Bangladesh, and the Australian Aboriginal flag, or in three-dimensional form as part of the Trundholm sun chariot.
Circle with a point at its center
This is an ancient solar symbol featuring a circle with its center marked with a dot (Unicode U+2609 ☉ preferably or U+2299 ⊙). It is the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun, and the ancient Egyptian sign for "sun" or "Ra" in the hieroglyphic writing system (U+131F3, 𓇳). The character for "sun" or "day" in early Chinese script was similar, but it has become square in modern script: 日 (ri).
(See Circled dot for non-solar meanings.)
The "sun cross" or "solar wheel" (⊕) is often considered to represent the four seasons and the tropical year, and therefore the sun (though as an astronomical symbol it means "earth").
The swastika can be derived from the sun cross, and is another solar symbol in some contexts. It is used (not necessarily as a solar symbol) among Buddhists (see manji), Jains, and Hindus; and many other cultures. Also see Malkh-Festival.
Arevakhach (literal translation: "Solar Cross") is one of the ancient Armenian symbols of eternity and light. It is often used as decoration on pagan monuments and Armenian cross-stones. Variants with different numbers of petals and directions of rotation are used in Armenia. In 2013 both leftward and rightward rotating symbols were included into Unicode character set standard. Arevakhach is to date in popular use in Armenia.
Zia Sun Symbol
The Zia people of New Mexico regard the sun as a sacred symbol. Their symbol, a red circle with four groups of four rays pointing in four directions, is painted on ceremonial vases, drawn on the ground around campfires, and used to introduce newborns to the sun. The red symbol is shown here on the Flag of New Mexico.
Varying forms of an eight-pointed star (but usually having only fourfold symmetry) with solar meaning appear on the flags of several Russian subdivisions – such as Udmurtia, Mordovia, Mari El, and Chuvashia – and had a similar meaning on the 1959–1963 flag of Iraq. It is an ancient symbol of Uralic tribes. An example of a sixteen-fold symmetric star can be seen in the flag of Cartagena de Indias, Colombia.
Doubled sun cross
Other version of the "sun cross", in the form of an eight-spoked wheel (nothing to do with many wheel symbols used at the time in heraldry). This can be understood as a marking of cross-quarter days (midpoints between seasons) along with the four spokes of the equinoxes and solstices.
Polish solar symbol
The lauburu or Basque cross (Basque: lauburu, "four heads") is a traditional Basque swastika with four comma-shaped heads. Today, it is a symbol of the Basque Country and the unity of the Basque people.
Vainakh solar symbol
Sun of the Alps
A circular disk with alternating triangular and wavy rays emanating from it is a frequent symbol or artistic depiction of the sun. Minimally, there are four straight rays and four wavy rays (as in the ancient Mesopotamian symbol of the sun-god Shamash), but there can be a higher number. The Jesuit emblem, the flag of Uruguay, the flag of Kiribati, some versions of the flag of Argentina, the Irish Defence Forces cap badge, and the 1959–1965 coat of arms of Iraq are official insignia which incorporate such symbolism.
The depictions of the sun on the flag of the Republic of China (Taiwan), the flag of Kazakhstan, the flag of Kurdistan, and the flag of Nepal have only straight (triangular) rays, while that on the flag of Kyrgyzstan has only curvy rays. The flag of the Philippines has short diverging rays grouped into threes.
Another form of rayed depiction of the sun is with simple radial lines dividing the field into two colors, as in the military flags of Japan and the current Flag of the Republic of Macedonia, and in the top parts of the flag of Tibet and the flag of Arizona.
The Vergina Sun (also known as the Star of Vergina, Macedonian Star, or Argead Star) is a rayed solar symbol appearing in ancient Greek art from the 6th to 2nd centuries BC. The Vergina Sun appears in art variously with sixteen, twelve, or eight triangular rays.
The Smiling Sun logo has been used by the anti-nuclear movement worldwide since the 1970s, symbolizing positive power and the use of solar energy and other renewable energies instead of nuclear power.
- Astrological symbols
- Astronomical symbols
- Blue Sky with a White Sun
- Black Sun (occult symbol)
- Black Sun (mythology)
- Monad (Greek philosophy)
- Self in Jungian psychology
- Solar deity
- Sun cross
- Sun (heraldry)
- Sun of May
- Winged sun
- The Book of Signs by Rudolf Koch, p. 18 (1930, Dover reprint 1955).
- Heraldry: Sources, Symbols, and Meaning by Ottfried Neubecker, p. 142 (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976).
- Айк Демоян «Армянские национальные символы» = «Հայկական ազգային խորհրդանշաններ». — Ереван: «Пюник», 2013. — 476 с. — ISBN 978-9939-0-0282-8
- "Մամլո հաղորդագրություն - "Շուշիի ազատագրման 20-ամյակ" (ոսկի) [News release - A golden coin dedicated o the 20th anniversary of the Liberation of Shushi]" (PDF). Central Bank of Armenia. 24 January 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2013. see the image of the coin
- "Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Կառավարության 2002 Թվականի Հունվարի 7-ի N 6 Որոշման Մեջ Փոփոխություններ Կատարելու Մասին". Armenian Legal Information System. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2013., see the logo of the Customs Service of the Republic of Armenia
- The Council of the city Yerevan, the seal of Yerevan, 2010, see the logo of Yerevan
- Ministry of Justice of RA, about the medals and decorations, 2007
- The government of Armenia, symbol of the cooperation «Armenia-Diaspora», 2012
- Ministry of Emergency Situations, about the medals and decorations, 2011, see the symbol of the cooperation «Armenia-Diaspora»
- Central Bank of Armenia, coin «15-years of liberation of Shushi», 2007, see the image of the coin
- "Declaration of the Carpathian Society". Towarzystwo Karpackie (Carpathian Society). November 9, 2015.