Split Rock Dam
|Split Rock Dam|
Split Rock Dam wall, 2010.
New South Wales
|Location||North West Slopes, New South Wales|
|Owner(s)||State Water Corporation|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Embankment dam|
|Height||66 metres (217 ft)|
|Length||484 metres (1,588 ft)|
|Dam volume||1,048 cubic metres (37,000 cu ft)|
|Spillway type||Ungated concrete chute|
|Spillway capacity||6,860 cubic metres per second (242,000 cu ft/s)|
|Creates||Split Rock Reservoir|
|Total capacity||397,370 megalitres (14,033×106 cu ft)|
|Catchment area||1,650 square kilometres (640 sq mi)|
|Surface area||2,150 hectares (5,300 acres)|
|Max. water depth||52 metres (171 ft)|
|Normal elevation||449 metres (1,473 ft) AHD|
Split Rock Dam is a minor ungated concrete faced rock fill embankment dam with concrete chute spillway across the Manilla River upstream of Manilla in the north-western slopes region of New South Wales, Australia. The dam's purpose includes flood mitigation, irrigation, water supply and conservation. The impounded reservoir is called Split Rock Reservoir.
Location and features
Commenced in 1984, completed in 1987, and upgraded in 2012, the Split Rock Dam is a minor dam on the Manilla River, located approximately 28 kilometres (17 mi) upstream, north of Manilla and 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of Tamworth, accessed by a turnoff from Fossickers Way. The dam was built by Abignano Pty Limited on behalf of the New South Wales Department of Land and Water Conservation to supply water for irrigation, flood mitigation and potable water for towns in the Namoi Valley, including Manilla and Barraba. Together with Keepit Dam, Split Rock Dam supplies extensive irrigation water in the Namoi Valley. The dams also supply water for the town of Walgett and generates hydro-power for the national grid.
The dam wall constructed with 1,048 cubic metres (37,000 cu ft) of concrete faced rockfill is 66 metres (217 ft) high and 484 metres (1,588 ft) long. The maximum water depth is 52 metres (171 ft) and at 100% capacity the dam wall holds back 397,370 megalitres (14,033×106 cu ft) of water at 449 metres (1,473 ft) AHD. The surface area of Split Rock Reservoir is 2,150 hectares (5,300 acres) and the catchment area is 1,650 square kilometres (640 sq mi), mostly from the Upper Manilla and Ironbark Creeks plus small creeks and gullies, too, including Crow Mountain and Eumur Creeks. The concrete chute spillway is capable of discharging 6,860 cubic metres per second (242,000 cu ft/s). An A$8.1 million upgrade of facilities was completed during 2012 and involved construction of a new, 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) high, concrete parapet wall on the embankment.
At the time of its initial construction in 1987, Split Rock Dam incorporated the latest dam technology with an intake tower that can select water from any specified depth. This ensures that cold, de-oxygenated water from lower levels is mixed with water that contains more oxygen from the warmer layers above, before it leaves the storage.
In 2013, Tamworth Regional Council announced a project to construct a 28 kilometres (17 mi) pipeline from Split Rock Dam to Barraba to ensure local residents have access to a quality water supply would proceed. Additional project infrastructure includes a pumping station near the dam, a pressure tank, and upgrades to Barrabra water treatment plant.
The dam is named after a fissure in a large rock near the dam site.
The reservoir has recreational opportunities including camping areas and facilities for launching ski boats and sailing boats. There are toilet, barbecue, picnic, and camping facilities as well as a boat ramp. Boat access is restricted near the dam wall. The reservoir contains fish species such as Murray cod, golden perch, silver perch, eel-tailed catfish and carp.
On the reservoir's northern shore is Glen Riddle Recreation Reserve, a 14 hectares (35 acres) nature reserve with toilets, picnic and camping facilities.
- "Split Rock Dam" (PDF brochure). State Water Corporation. 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. The Australian National Committee on Large Dams Incorporated. 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Split Rock Dam". Water delivery: dams. State Water Corporation. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Split Rock Sub-catchment". Namoi Catchment Management Authority. 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Split Rock upgrade". Projects: Dam safety upgrades. State Water Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Barraba Water Supply - Split Rock Dam Pipeline and Ancillary Works". Water and Sewerage: Water Supplies. Tamworth Regional Council. 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Barraba to Split Rock Dam Water Pipeline Feasibility Study". Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Commonwealth of Australia. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.