Stolypin car

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Stolypin car (Russian: Столыпинский вагон) is a type of railroad carriage in the Russian Empire, Soviet Union, and modern Russia.

During the Stolypin reform in Russia, which led to massive resettlement of peasants and prisoners in Siberia, a special type of carriage was introduced for these settlers. It consisted of two parts: a standard passenger compartment for a peasant and his family and a large zone for their livestock and agricultural tools.[1]

After the Bolshevik Revolution, Cheka and NKVD found these carriages convenient for transport of larger numbers of incarcerated convicts and exiles: the passenger part was used for prison guards, whereas the cattle part was used for prisoners.[1]

Prison transportation in modern Russia[edit]

Inside a Russian prison wagon

Modern prison wagons are manufactured at Tver wagon plant, model 614500. The car has 9 chambers and is capable of transporting up to 75 convicts. Chambers have no windows, but there is a side corridor. It is escorted by 8 officers of the FPS and 2 Russian Railways conductors. The car is towed as part of regular passenger trains, but is clinged either to train head or tail and isolated from other cars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Petro Grigorenko Memoirs: Pietro G. Grigorenko W W Norton & Co Inc; 1st ed edition (1984) ISBN 0-393-01570-X