Stripes (film)

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Stripes
Stripesposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byIvan Reitman
Written by
Produced by
  • Ivan Reitman
  • Dan Goldberg
Starring
CinematographyBill Butler
Edited by
Music byElmer Bernstein
Production
company
Distributed byColumbia Pictures
Release date
  • June 26, 1981 (1981-06-26)
Running time
106 minutes
123 minutes
(extended)
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$10 million
Box office$85.3 million[1]

Stripes is a 1981 American war comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Bill Murray, Harold Ramis,[a] Warren Oates, P. J. Soles, Sean Young, and John Candy. Ramis wrote the film with Len Blum and Dan Goldberg, the latter of whom also served as producer alongside Reitman. Numerous actors, including John Larroquette, John Diehl, Conrad Dunn, Judge Reinhold, Joe Flaherty, Dave Thomas, Timothy Busfield, and Bill Paxton, appear in the film in some of the earliest roles of their careers. The film's score was composed by Elmer Bernstein.

Murray stars as John Winger, an immature taxi driver who, after losing his job and his girlfriend, decides to enlist in the United States Army with his friend Russell Ziskey (Ramis). The film received generally positive reviews from critics and audiences, and was a commercial success.

Plot[edit]

Within a few hours, Louisville, Kentucky cab driver John Winger loses his job, his apartment, his car, and his girlfriend Anita, who has grown tired of his immaturity. Realizing his limited prospects, he joins the Army. He talks his best friend Russell Ziskey, a vocational ESL teacher, into joining him, and they go to a recruiting office and are soon sent off to basic training at nearby Fort Arnold.

Upon arrival, they meet their fellow recruits and their drill sergeant, Sergeant Hulka. Following in-processing, the recruits introduce themselves and explain their reasons for enlisting in the Army. One of them, Dewey "Ox" Oxberger, says he wants to lose weight and be respected by his fellow trainees and women in general. While outgoing, John stands out as a slacker throughout basic training, but he and Russell become romantically involved with MPs Louise Cooper and Stella Hansen.

After Hulka discovers that John and Russell have gone AWOL from basic training, Russell confesses his mistake, but John keeps silent. Hulka orders Russell to scrub garbage cans for 24 hours, while ordering the rest of the platoon to do kitchen patrol for the next two weekends.

In the latrines, Hulka privately tells John that he is not soldier material. John then tells him he can kick him out of the Army if he desires, but to otherwise leave him alone. Hulka offers to allow him a punch, but John misses so Hulka punches him in the stomach, reminding him to learn a lesson from the encounter.

During the night, John attempts to escape back to Louisville. Russell awakens, discovers John's absence, finds him attempting to leave base and angrily intervenes, as it was John's idea they both enlist. Louise and Stella find them fighting and drive them back to their barracks without reporting them. John honors Russell's request for both of them to continue basic training.

As graduation approaches, Hulka is injured when the haughty and dull-witted Captain Stillman, the platoon's commanding officer, orders a mortar crew to fire without first setting target coordinates.

Later, members of Hulka's platoon sneak off base and visit a mud wrestling bar, where John convinces Ox to mud wrestle with a group of women for $400. When MPs and police raid the club, Stella and Louise help John and Russell escape. The rest of the platoon are returned to base, where Stillman reprimands them for being arrested and threatens to report them to the base commander, General Barnicke, and make them repeat basic training.

John and Russell, after having sex with Stella and Louise, return to base. John motivates the disheartened platoon with a speech and begins preparing them for graduation. After a night of practice, they oversleep and upon awakening, they realize they are late for the ceremony. They rush to the parade ground, where John leads them in an improvised, yet highly coordinated, drill display. Impressed upon learning that they completed their training without a drill sergeant, Barnicke assigns them to his EM-50 project in Italy.

In Italy, the platoon is reunited with a recovered Hulka and tasked with guarding the EM-50 Urban Assault Vehicle, an armored personnel carrier disguised as a recreational vehicle. John and Russell steal it to visit Stella and Louise, who are stationed in West Germany. When Stillman finds the vehicle missing, he launches an unauthorized mission to retrieve it, against Hulka's objections.

Stillman inadvertently leads the platoon across the border into Czechoslovakia. Hulka jumps from the truck before the Soviet Army captures it, and makes a mayday radio call that John and Russell hear. Realizing that their platoon is in danger, John, Russell, Stella, and Louise take the EM-50 and infiltrate the Soviet base where the platoon is being held, and, aided by Hulka, rescue the platoon.

Upon returning to the US, John, Russell, Louise, Stella, and Hulka are hailed as heroes, and are each awarded the Distinguished Service Cross.[b] Hulka retires and opens a restaurant franchise; Stella appears on the cover of Penthouse; Cooper is interviewed for RoadLife magazine; Ox makes the cover of Tiger Beat; Russell appears in Guts magazine; John appears on the cover of Newsworld; and Captain Stillman is reassigned to a weather station near Nome, Alaska.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

En route to the premiere of Meatballs, Ivan Reitman conceived an idea for a film: "Cheech and Chong join the army".[4] He pitched Stripes to Paramount Pictures, who immediately greenlit the film. Len Blum and Dan Goldberg wrote the screenplay in Toronto and read it to Reitman, who was in Los Angeles, over the phone, who in turn would give the writers notes. Cheech and Chong's manager thought the script was very funny; however, the comedy duo wanted complete creative control. Reitman then suggested to Goldberg that they change the two main characters to ones suited for Bill Murray and Harold Ramis, figuring that if they could interest Ramis and let him tailor the script for the two of them, he could convince Murray to do it.[4]

Casting[edit]

Ramis had already co-written National Lampoon's Animal House, Meatballs, and Caddyshack, but was relatively unknown as a film actor.[4] His best-known acting work prior to Stripes was as a cast member for the late-night TV sketch comedy Second City Television, which he had quit a few years earlier.[5] Columbia Pictures did not like Ramis's audition but Reitman told the studio that he was hiring the comedian anyway.[4] P. J. Soles reported that Dennis Quaid had read for the role of Russell and that Ramis was reluctant to appear in the film, but that Murray told Ramis he did not wish to work with anyone else and would leave the film unless he played the other principal.[6]

Casting director Karen Rea saw Conrad Dunn on the stage and asked him to read for the role of Francis "Psycho" Soyer in New York.[7] Judge Reinhold played Elmo, who was given the best jokes from the Cheech and Chong draft of the screenplay. Sean Young was cast based on her looks, and Reitman felt that her "sweetness" would go well with Ramis.[4] P. J. Soles tested with Murray and they got along well together. John Diehl had never auditioned before and won his first paying job as an actor. Goldberg knew John Candy from Toronto and told Reitman that he should be in the film; he was not required to audition.[4]

Reitman was a fan of the Westerns that Warren Oates had been in and wanted someone who was strong and whom everyone respected to control the film's misfit platoon. Reinhold said that during filming Oates would tell stories about working on films like The Wild Bunch and they would be enthralled. Reitman wanted "a little bit of weight in the center", and added the argument between Hulka and Winger.[4] It was not played for laughs and allowed Murray to do a serious scene, something he had not done before. During filming one of the obstacle courses scenes, Reitman told the actors to grab Oates and drag him into the mud without telling the veteran actor about it to see what would happen and get a genuine reaction. Oates' front tooth got chipped in the process and he yelled at Reitman for what he did.[4]

Filming[edit]

Every scene had some element of improvisation due in large part to Murray and Ramis. Much of the mud wrestling scene was made up on the spot by Reitman. Candy felt uncomfortable during filming, but Reitman talked him through it. The spatula scene in the kitchen of the general's house was filmed at three in the morning, after the cast and crew had been up the entire day. Murray improvised the "Aunt Jemima Treatment" sequence and Soles reacted naturally to whatever he said and did.[4]

Filming began in Kentucky in November 1980, then moved to California in December. Principal photography ended on Stage 20 at Burbank Studios on January 29, 1981. The production was allowed to shoot the army scenes at Fort Knox, the city scenes in Louisville, and the Czechoslovakia scenes at the closed Chapeze Distillery (owned by Jim Beam) in Clermont, with a budget of $9–10 million and a 42-day shooting schedule. Reitman, Goldberg, and Ramis were involved in a detailed negotiation with the Department of Defense to make the film conducive to the recruiting needs of the military, in exchange for subsidies in the form of free labor and location and equipment access.[8]

Dunn remembered Candy inviting the men in the platoon to his house while filming was under way, for a homemade spaghetti dinner and to watch the famous Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Roberto Durán II No Más Fight (November 25, 1980). He recalled that he and Candy were the only two cast members who knew the lyrics to the song "Doo Wah Diddy" and taught them to the rest of the company. "I really enjoyed playing Psycho", he said.[7]

In 1993 Murray reflected, "I'm still a little queasy that I actually made a movie where I carry a machine gun. But I felt if you were rescuing your friends it was okay. It wasn't Reds or anything, but it captured what it was like on an Army base: It was cold, you had to wear the same green clothes, you had to do a lot of physical stuff, you got treated pretty badly, and had bad coffee."[9]

The EM-50 Urban Assault Vehicle "was built from a 1973-1978-era GMC Motorhome," but no one knows what exact year it was.[10] It was designed to resemble "a family Winnebago — with a nice color scheme and user-friendly interior — but came with bulletproof shields and flamethrowers."[11][12]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

Stripes was released on June 26, 1981, and grossed $1,892,000 in 1,074 screens on opening day. It placed fifth overall for the weekend with $6,152,166. It eventually grossed $85,297,000 in North America, making it the fifth most popular 1981 film at the US and Canadian box office.[13]

Critical response[edit]

Stripes was well received by critics and audiences. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 88% based on 40 reviews, with a rating average of 6.6/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "A raucous military comedy that features Bill Murray and his merry cohorts approaching the peak of their talents."[14] On Metacritic — which assigns a weighted mean score — the film has a score of 68 out of 100 based on 14 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[15]

In his Chicago Sun-Times review, Roger Ebert praised it as "an anarchic slob movie, a celebration of all that is irreverent, reckless, foolhardy, undisciplined, and occasionally scatological. It's a lot of fun."[16] Janet Maslin of The New York Times called it "a lazy but amiable comedy" and praised Murray for achieving "a sardonically exaggerated calm that can be very entertaining".[17]

Gary Arnold, in his review for The Washington Post, wrote, "Stripes squanders at least an hour belaboring situations contradicted from the outset by Murray's personality. The premise and star remain out of whack until the rambling, diffuse screenplay finally struggles beyond basic training".[18] Time wrote, "Stripes will keep potential felons off the streets for two hours. Few people seem to be asking, these days, that movies do more".[19]

Home media[edit]

Stripes was released on VHS by RCA/Columbia Pictures Home Video.

The film was released on DVD on June 7, 2005, a release which includes both the original theatrical cut and an extended cut that runs about 18 minutes longer than the theatrical cut.[20] Extra features include six deleted scenes; audio commentary by Reitman and Goldberg; an hour-long documentary titled "Stars & Stripes" that includes the reminiscences of the screenwriters, Reitman, Diehl, Laroquette, Murray, Reinhold, Soles and Young; and the original trailer.[21]

The extended cut expands on several scenes and includes an excised subplot in which Winger and Ziskey (who takes six hits of Elmo's LSD under the impression that it is Dramamine) go AWOL by stowing away on a special forces paratrooper mission. They become lost in a jungle and are captured by Spanish-speaking guerrillas. They are taken to camp and nearly shot before Winger saves the day by singing the chorus of Tito Rodriguez's "Quando, Quando, Quando", effectively winning over their captors. Winger and Ziskey then leave and rejoin the special forces unit as it is re-boarding the plane. Other deleted scenes include a longer sequence of Winger talking Ziskey into joining the Army with him; Captain Stillman being called out as a liar by Winger when he blames another officer for his neglect in the mortar incident that injured Sgt. Hulka; Hulka giving everyone but John and Russell the weekend off in Italy while assigning them to guard and clean the EM-50, explaining cheerfully that his only reason for doing so is that he doesn't like John; and Russell saying he won't go rescue the platoon because he doesn't want to kill OR die while John warms up to the idea of mounting a rescue via the EM-50. The last two deleted scenes notably have John Winger being told that the platoon members dislike him (directly by Hulka, and indirectly by Russell when he tells John that the platoon hates his guts) which is in contrast to the positive reactions to Winger in the final act of the theatrically-released film.

In January 2012, the extended cut of the film was released on Blu-ray.[22][23]

Re-release[edit]

For the 40th anniversary of the film's release, Stripes re-opened in theaters on August 29 to September 2, 2021, with a special introduction from Bill Murray and Ivan Reitman.[24][25]

See also[edit]

  • Ghostbusters – a 1984 comedy film also directed by Reitman, starring Murray and Ramis, and scored by Bernstein

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This film was Ramis' acting debut
  2. ^ The second highest U.S. military decoration, after the Medal of Honor.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stripes, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 9, 2012.
  2. ^ "Wear of Decorations, Service Medals, Badges, Unit Awards, and Appurtenances". Army Regulation 670–1: Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia (PDF). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Army. January 26, 2021. pp. 50–55. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "Order of precedence by category of medal" (PDF). Department of the Army Pamphlet 670–1: Guide to the Wear and Appearance of Army Uniforms and Insignia. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Army. January 26, 2021. pp. 259–262. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gillis, Michael (2006). "Stars and Stripes". Stripes Special Edition DVD. Columbia Pictures.
  5. ^ Caldwell, Sara C.; Kielson, Marie-Eve S. (2000). So You Want to be A Screenwriter: How to Face the Fears and Take the Risks. New York: Allworth Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-58115-062-9.
  6. ^ Rabin, Nathan (May 14, 2010). "Random Roles: P.J. Soles". The Onion A.V. Club. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Back to the 80s: Interview with Conrad Dunn". Kickin' it Old School. February 6, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2015.
  8. ^ Robb, David L. (2004). Operation Hollywood: How the Pentagon Shapes and Censors the Movies. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. ISBN 978-1591021827.
  9. ^ Meyers, Kate (March 19, 1993). "Hail Murray". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  10. ^ Foley, Aaron (February 24, 2014). "A Brief History Of The Iconic Vehicles In Harold Ramis Films". Jalopnik. Gawker Media. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  11. ^ Sununu, John E. (October 28, 2013). "Budget-assault vehicle; Police departments don't need expensive military-grade equipment". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  12. ^ Hardigree, Matt (February 25, 2008). "The Ten Best Post-Apocalyptic Survival Vehicles". Jalopnik. Gawker Media. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
  13. ^ "Stripes". Box Office Mojo. December 11, 2007. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
  14. ^ "Stripes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  15. ^ "Stripes Reviews". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved December 1, 2022.
  16. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1981). "Stripes". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved August 28, 2020.
  17. ^ Maslin, Janet (June 26, 1981). "'Stripes' and the Biggest Wise Guy in the Army". The New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  18. ^ Arnold, Gary (June 26, 1981). "Low-Ranking Stripes". The Washington Post.
  19. ^ "Rushes". Time. July 6, 1981. Archived from the original on October 15, 2010. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
  20. ^ Gruenwedel, Erik (April 15, 2005). "Ivan Reitman Creates A Different 'Stripes'". hive4media.com. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  21. ^ Weinberg, Scott (June 7, 2005). "Stripes: Extended Edition". DVD Talk. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  22. ^ "Stripes (Extended Cut) [Blu-ray]". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  23. ^ Liebman, Martin (October 22, 2011). "Stripes Blu-ray Review". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
  24. ^ Dick, Jeremy (July 20, 2021). "Stripes Returns to Movie Theaters This Summer". MovieWeb. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  25. ^ Adams, Kirby (August 25, 2021). "40 years ago, 'Stripes' starring Bill Murray was filmed in Kentucky. Look back at the movie". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved January 6, 2022.

External links[edit]