United States Department of the Army

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Department of the Army
(DA)
Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg
Agency overview
Formed September 18, 1947; 69 years ago (1947-09-18)
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction  United States Army
Headquarters The Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Agency executive
Parent agency U.S. Department of Defense
Website www.army.mil

The Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America. The Department of the Army is the Federal Government agency within which the United States Army is organized, and it is led by the Secretary of the Army who has statutory authority under 10 U.S.C. § 3013 to conduct its affairs and to prescribe regulations for its government, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the Secretary of Defense and the President.

The Secretary of the Army is a civilian official appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The highest-ranking military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff of the Army, who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Other senior officials of the Department are the Under Secretary of the Army (principal deputy to the Secretary) and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (principal deputy to the Chief of Staff.)

The Department of War was originally formed in 1789 as an Executive Department of the United States, and was renamed by the National Security Act of 1947 to the Department of the Army on September 18, 1947. By amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 in 1949, the Department of the Army was transformed to its present-day status.

Organizational structure[edit]

The Department of the Army is a Military Department within the United States Department of Defense. The Department is headed by the Secretary of the Army, who by statute must be a civilian, appointed by the President with the confirmation by the United States Senate. The Secretary of the Army is responsible for, and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Army, subject to the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense. The Department of the Army is divided between its Headquarters at the Seat of Government and the field organizations of the Army.

By direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army assigns Army forces, apart from those units performing duties enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3013 (i.e. organize, train & equip) or unless otherwise directed, to the operational command of the Commanders of the Combatant Commands. Only the Secretary of Defense (and the President) has the authority to approve transfer of forces to and from Combatant Commands. 10 U.S.C. § 162.

Headquarters, Department of the Army[edit]

Chart summarizing the organization of the Department of the Army's Headquarters as of 2010.

Headquarters, Department of the Army is the corporate office of the Department which exercises directive and supervisory functions and consists of two separate staffs; the Office of the Secretary of the Army (10 U.S.C. § 3014), the mainly civilian staff; and the Army Staff (10 U.S.C. § 3031 & 10 U.S.C. § 3032), the mainly military staff. The Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff are organized along similar lines, with civilians and military officers both overseeing similar program areas.

Civilian Military
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Deputy Chief of Staff (G1-Personnel)
Deputy Chief of Staff (G3/5/7-Operations)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations and Environment Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Chief of Engineers
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Deputy Chief of Staff (G4-Logistics)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management and Controller Deputy Chief of Staff (G8-Financial Management)
General Counsel of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2-Intelligence)

Office of the Secretary[edit]

The Office of the Secretary is led by the Secretary of the Army, assisted by the Under Secretary of the Army and the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, who is the senior civilian career official of the Department. The Office of the Secretary of the Army, also known as the Army Secretariat, is divided into multiple branches with functional responsibilities, the six most important of which are headed by one of the five Assistant Secretaries of the Army or the General Counsel of the Army, each of whom are civilians appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The Army Staff[edit]

The Army Staff is led by the Chief of Staff of the Army, a four-star general who is the highest-ranking officer in the Army and the Army member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Chief of Staff is assisted in managing the Army Staff by the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, a four-star general and second-highest-ranking officer in the Army. The Army Staff is divided into several directorates, each headed by a three-star general.

A key official within the Army Staff is the Director of the Army Staff, who is a three-star general. The Director is responsible for integrating and synchronizing the work of the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff so that they meet the goals and priorities of the Secretary of the Army. Other key figures within the Army Staff are the Sergeant Major of the Army, the United States Army Judge Advocate General, the Chief of the Army Reserve, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, the United States Army Provost Marshal General, and the United States Army Surgeon General

Field Organizations[edit]

Army Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
United States Army Forces Command SSI.svg United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) GEN Robert B. Abrams Fort Bragg, North Carolina
AMC shoulder insignia.svg United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) GEN Gustave F. Perna Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
TRADOC patch.svg United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN David G. Perkins Fort Eustis, Virginia
Army Service Component Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
U.S. Army Africa Shoulder Sleeve Insignia.jpg United States Army Africa (USARAF) / Ninth Army / United States Army Southern European Task Force[1] MG Joseph P. Harrington Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy
United States Army Central CSIB.svg United States Army Central (ARCENT) / Third Army LTG Michael X. Garrett[2] Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina
USAREUR Insignia.jpg United States Army Europe (USAREUR) / Seventh Army (U.S.) LTG Ben Hodges Clay Kaserne, Wiesbaden, Germany
United States Army North CSIB.svg United States Army North (ARNORTH) / Fifth Army LTG Jeffrey S. Buchanan Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
USARPAC insignia.svg United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) GEN Robert B. Brown Fort Shafter, Hawaii
UNITED STATES ARMY SOUTH SSI.svg United States Army South (ARSOUTH) / Sixth Army MG Clarence K.K. Chinn Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
Surface Deployment and Distribution Command SSI.svg Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) MG Susan A. Davidson[3] Scott AFB, Illinois
US Army Cyber Command SSI.png United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER)[4][5][6] LTG Paul Nakasone Fort Belvoir, Virginia[7]
United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command Logo.svg United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command / United States Army Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) LTG James H. Dickinson Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
U.S. Army Special Operations Command CSIB.svg United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) LTG Kenneth E. Tovo Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Operational Force Headquarters Current commander Location of headquarters
Eighth United States Army CSIB.svg Eighth Army (EUSA)[8] LTG Thomas S. Vandal[9] Yongsan Garrison, South Korea
Direct reporting units Current commander Location of headquarters
Arlington National Cemetery and Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery[10] Jack E. Lechner Arlington, Virginia
United States Army Marketing and Engagement Brigade (USAMEB)[11] COL Brian M. Cavanaugh Fort Knox, Kentucky
US Army Acquisition Support Center SSI.png United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USASC)[12] Craig A. Spisak Fort Belvoir, Virginia
United States Army Civilian Human Resources Agency (CHRA)[13] Barbara P. Panther Washington, D.C.
USACE.gif United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) LTG Todd T. Semonite[14] Washington, D.C.
Cid patch color.jpg United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) MG David E. Quantock Quantico, Virginia
United States Army Financial Management Command (USAFMC) BG David C. Coburn Indianapolis, Indiana[15]
US Army HRC SSI.png United States Army Human Resources Command (HRC)[16] MG Jason T. Evans Alexandria, Virginia
United States Army Installation Management Command Shoulder Patch.png United States Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) LTG Kenneth R. Dahl Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
INSCOM.svg United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) MG Christopher S. Ballard Fort Belvoir, Virginia
MEDCOM.png United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) LTG Nadja West Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
United States Army Military District of Washington Insignia.svg United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW) MG Bradley A. Becker Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.
US Army Recruiting Command SSI.png United States Army Recruiting Command (USAREC)[17] MG Jeffrey J. Snow Fort Knox, Kentucky
US Army Test and Evaluation Command SSI.png United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) MG Peter D. Utley Alexandria, Virginia
US Army War College SSI.png United States Army War College (AWC)[18] MG William Rapp Carlisle, Pennsylvania
USMA SSI.png United States Military Academy (USMA) LTG Robert L. Caslen West Point, New York

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-20. 
  2. ^ "USARCENT | U.S. Army Central". www.army.mil. Retrieved 12 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "Commanding General" (PDF). United States Army, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command. 7 September 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2011. 
  6. ^ U.S. Army (1 October 2010). "Army establishes Army Cyber Command". army.mil. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 
  7. ^ GO 2016-11 http://www.apd.army.mil/Search/ePubsSearch/ePubsSearchForm.aspx?x=DAGO
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  9. ^ "8th Army chief vows firm readiness". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  11. ^ http://www.apd.army.mil/Search/ePubsSearch/ePubsSearchDownloadPage.aspx?docID=0902c8518006b6e4
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 
  13. ^ DAGO 2017-03, DESIGNATION OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY CIVILIAN HUMAN RESOURCES AGENCY AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  14. ^ Lieutenant General Todd T. Semonite, Biography article, undated. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  15. ^ http://www.apd.army.mil/epubs/DR_pubs/DR_a/pdf/web/go17-08_Web_Final.pdf
  16. ^ DAGO 2017-04, DESIGNATION OF UNITED STATES ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  17. ^ AR 10-87, ARMY COMMANDS, ARMY SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS, AND DIRECT REPORTING UNITS, apd.army.mil, dated 4 September 2007, last accessed 13 January 2017
  18. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-02. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]