Primera División (women)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Segunda División|
|Domestic cup(s)||Copa de la Reina|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
|Current champions||Atlético Madrid (2nd title)
|Most championships||Athletic Bilbao (5 titles)|
|TV partners||BeIN Sports (Spain)
The Primera División de la Liga de Fútbol Femenino, formerly Superliga Femenina, and known for reasons of sponsorship as Liga Femenina Iberdrola is the highest level of league competition for Spanish women's football. It is the women's equivalent of the men's Primera División and is run by the Real Federación Española de Fútbol. It was founded in 1988 and since then it has been celebrated without interruptions although it has undergone several changes of format and denomination.
It is considered one of the most important leagues at European level according to the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the top soccer manager at continental level, being the sixth competition with the best coefficient.
Throughout its history twelve clubs have been champions, being the Athletic Club the most awarded team with five championships.
The league was founded in 1988 as Liga Nacional , formed by Olímpico Fortuna, Puente Castro, Parque Alcobendas, Santa María Atlético, Vallès Occidental, RCD Español, FC Barcelona, CE Sabadell y Peña Barcelonista. From the season 1996-97 the league was divided in 4 groups. In that time, all group winners played a semi-final and a final to decide the champion.
For the 2001–02 season the league was renamed to Superliga and the competition system was changed to from the groups format to a double round-robin, thus each team playing the other teams twice, one time away, one time at home. The league consisted of 14 teams in those years. The 2008–09 season kept the double round-robin format but the league was increased from 14 to 16 teams.
In the 2009–10 season the Superliga was increased from 16 to 24 teams, which caused criticism by teams and players, fearing a decline in the quality of competition. The Superliga again is divided in 3 groups of 7 to 8 teams each. Those groups are divided based on local aspects. In the first stage of the season, in all groups each team plays each other twice. After that, the second stage starts. The best two of each group as well as the two best third-place finishers go into group A, the other teams are divided into group B and C based oin a predefined key. Again a double round-robin is played in the groups. All Group A teams and the three best finishers of Group B and C qualify for the Copa de la Reina, and the two best teams in Group A play each other in a two legged final for the season's championship. Rayo Vallecano won the 2009-10 and 2010-11 finals, both times against RCD Espanyol. In the 2009–10 season, two teams had to withdraw from the league for financial reasons.
For the 2011–12 season, in addition to the rename of the league to Primera División, the group based system was eliminated and 18 teams played double round-robin to decide the champion. In the 2012–13 season it was again shortened to 16 teams. Before the 2016–17, the Royal Spanish Football Federation agreed a sponsorship with Iberdrola, renaming the league as Liga Iberdrola for commercial issues.
|Atlético de Madrid||Madrid||Cerro del Espino|
|FC Barcelona||Barcelona||Joan Gamper|
|Real Betis||Seville||Luis del Sol|
|RCD Espanyol||Barcelona||Dani Jarque|
|Fundación Albacete||Albacete||Andrés Iniesta|
|UD Granadilla Tenerife Sur||Granadilla de Abona||Francisco Suárez|
|Levante UD||Valencia||El Terrer|
|Oiartzun KE||Oiartzun||Karla Lekuona|
|Rayo Vallecano||Madrid||Ciudad Deportiva|
|Real Sociedad||San Sebastián||Zubieta|
|Santa Teresa CD||Badajoz||La Granadilla|
|Sporting de Huelva||Huelva||El Conquero|
|UD Tacuense||San Cristóbal de La Laguna||Pablos Abril|
|Zaragoza CFF||Zaragoza||Pedro Sancho|
List of champions
Performance by club
|Athletic Club||5||3||2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2016|
|FC Barcelona||4||3||2012, 2013, 2014, 2015|
|Levante UD||3||3||2001, 2002, 2008|
|Añorga KKE||3||2||1992, 1995, 1996|
|Oroquieta Villaverde||3||2||1993, 1994, 1999|
|Rayo Vallecano||3||1||2009, 2010, 2011|
|Atlético Madrid||2||2||1990,[a] 2017|
|Sant Vicent València CFF||1||1||1997[b]|
|AD Torrejón CF||0||1|
- Title won as Atlético Villa de Madrid.
- Title won as Sant Vicent València CFF.
All-time Primera División table
This table includes all games played since the 2001–02 season, when the Superliga was created.
|1||15||Athletic Club||420||300||58||62||1210||420||+790||958||Primera División|
|9||11||Sporting de Huelva||316||118||65||133||488||526||−38||419|
|11||10||AD Torrejón CF||250||120||39||91||505||429||+76||399||Regional leagues|
|12||8||CFF Irex Puebla||170||92||22||56||385||269||+116||298||Dissolved|
|13||12||Oviedo Moderno CF[b]||314||73||62||179||363||697||−334||281||Segunda División|
|14||9||SD Lagunak||248||75||38||135||295||519||−224||263||Regional leagues|
|15||7||CD Híspalis[c]||170||64||20||86||327||439||−112||212||Segunda División|
|18||5||CE Sant Gabriel||152||49||24||79||213||307||−94||171|
|19||5||CFF Estudiantes de Huelva||118||50||19||49||284||241||+43||166[d]||Dissolved|
|20||4||CE Sabadell FC||94||50||15||29||292||175||+117||165||Segunda División|
|22||3||Santa Teresa CD||90||28||18||44||104||161||−57||102||Primera División|
|23||4||Atlético Málaga[e]||114||26||17||71||118||315||−197||95||Segunda División|
|24||2||UD Granadilla Tenerife Sur||60||27||12||21||102||85||+17||93||Primera División|
|25||5||CF Pozuelo de Alarcón||124||24||14||86||173||390||−217||86||Segunda División|
|26||4||CD Nuestra Señora de Belén||94||22||7||65||109||357||−248||73|
|27||3||Fundación Albacete||90||17||19||54||122||232||−110||70||Primera División|
|28||2||FC Levante Las Planas||60||15||9||36||61||120||−59||54||Segunda División|
|29||2||CFF Badajoz Olivenza[f]||64||13||12||39||69||139||−70||51||Regional leagues|
|30||2||UD Las Palmas||50||14||6||30||80||114||−34||48||Dissolved|
|32||2||Oiartzun KE||60||10||12||38||47||141||−94||42||Primera División|
|34||1||Granada CF||30||5||7||18||41||81||−40||22||Segunda División|
|35||1||SPC Llanos de Olivenza||30||6||2||22||28||64||−36||20|
|37||3||ADP Nuestra Señora de la Antigua||68||5||5||58||50||280||−230||20|
|38||1||FVPR El Olivo||34||5||4||25||43||112||−69||19||Segunda División|
|39||1||UD Tacuense||30||3||6||21||22||85||−63||15||Primera División|
|40||2||SD Eibar||53||4||7||42||49||175||−126||19||Segunda División|
|41||1||FCF Atlético Jiennense[g]||24||3||2||19||23||81||−58||11||Regional leagues|
|42||2||Gimnàstic de Tarragona||52||3||1||48||25||224||−199||10||Dissolved|
|43||1||Gijón FF||24||0||1||23||19||96||−77||1||Segunda División|
- Games played as Colegio Alemán included.
- Currenlty named Real Oviedo.
- Games between 2001 and 2007 are included in CD Híspalis, while games since 2009 are included in Sevilla FC.
- 3 points docked.
- Currently named Málaga CF.
- Currently named CD Badajoz.
- Current name, played in Primera División as Real Jaén.
List of top goalscorer by season
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a final game where Sant Vicent defeated Sabadell
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Atlético Málaga beat Sant Vicènt by 2–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Oroquieta Villaverde beat Irex Puebla.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Irex Puebla beat Torrejón in the penalty shootout after a draw by 0–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Levante beat Eibartarrak by 4–0.
- Sevilla FC participated as sponsor of CD Híspalis, before creating its own team in 2008.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 1–0 and 1–1.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 2–2 and 1–2.
- Reunión Comisión Mixta de seguimiento de la Superliga
- "Iberdrola patrocinará la Primera División Femenina" (in Spanish). La Liga. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Spain - List of Women's Champions". RSSSF. 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.