Primera División (women)
|Number of teams||16|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Primera División B|
|Domestic cup(s)||Copa de la Reina|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
|Current champions||Atlético Madrid (3rd title) |
|Most championships||Athletic Bilbao (5 titles)|
|TV partners||BeIN Sports (Spain)|
The Primera División de la Liga de Fútbol Femenino, formerly Superliga Femenina, and known for reasons of sponsorship as Liga Femenina Iberdrola is the highest level of league competition for Spanish women's football. It is the women's equivalent of the men's Primera División and is run by the Real Federación Española de Fútbol. It was founded in 1988 and since then it has been celebrated without interruptions although it has undergone several changes of format and denomination.
It is considered one of the most important leagues at European level according to the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the top soccer manager at continental level, being the sixth competition with the best coefficient.
Throughout its history 12 clubs have been champions; Athletic Bilbao have won the most championships, with five.
The league was founded in 1988 as Liga Nacional , formed by Olímpico Fortuna, Puente Castro, Parque Alcobendas, Santa María Atlético, Vallès Occidental, RCD Español, FC Barcelona, CE Sabadell and Peña Barcelonista Barcilona.
División de Honor
From the season 1996-97 the league was divided in 4 groups. In that time, all group winners played a semi-final and a final to decide the champion.
For the 2001–02 season the league was renamed to Superliga and the competition system was changed from the groups format to a double round-robin, thus each team playing the other teams twice, one time away, one time at home. The league consisted of 14 teams in those years. The 2008–09 season kept the double round-robin format but the league was increased from 14 to 16 teams.
In the 2009–10 season the Superliga was increased from 16 to 24 teams, which caused criticism by teams and players, fearing a decline in the quality of competition. The Superliga again is divided in 3 groups of 7 to 8 teams each. Those groups are divided based on local aspects. In the first stage of the season, in all groups each team plays each other twice. After that, the second stage starts. The best two of each group as well as the two best third-place finishers go into group A, the other teams are divided into group B and C based on a predefined key. Again a double round-robin is played in the groups. All Group A teams and the three best finishers of Group B and C qualify for the Copa de la Reina, and the two best teams in Group A play each other in a two legged final for the season's championship. Rayo Vallecano won the 2009-10 and 2010-11 finals, both times against RCD Espanyol. In the 2009–10 season, two teams had to withdraw from the league for financial reasons.
For the 2011–12 season, in addition to the rename of the league to Primera División, the group based system was eliminated and 18 teams played double round-robin to decide the champion. In the 2012–13 season it was again shortened to 16 teams. Before the 2016–17, the Royal Spanish Football Federation agreed a sponsorship with Iberdrola, renaming the league as Liga Iberdrola for commercial issues.
|Atlético de Madrid||Madrid||Cerro del Espino|
|FC Barcelona||Barcelona||Joan Gamper|
|Real Betis||Seville||Luis del Sol|
|RCD Espanyol||Barcelona||Dani Jarque|
|Fundación Albacete||Albacete||Andrés Iniesta|
|UD Granadilla Tenerife||Granadilla de Abona||La Hoya del Pozo|
|Levante UD||Valencia||El Terrer|
|EDF Logroño||Logroño||Las Gaunas|
|Madrid CFF||San Sebastián de los Reyes||Nuevo Matapiñonera|
|Rayo Vallecano||Madrid||Ciudad Deportiva|
|Real Sociedad||San Sebastián||Zubieta|
|Sevilla FC||Seville||Viejo Nervión|
|Sporting de Huelva||Huelva||La Orden|
|Valencia CF||Valencia||Ciudad Deportiva de Paterna|
List of champions
Performance by club
|Athletic Club||5||3||2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2016|
|Levante UD||4||4||1997, [a] 2001, 2002, 2008|
|FC Barcelona||4||4||2012, 2013, 2014, 2015|
|Añorga KKE||3||2||1992, 1995, 1996|
|Atlético Madrid||3||2||1990, 2017, 2018|
|Oroquieta Villaverde||3||2||1993, 1994, 1999|
|Rayo Vallecano||3||1||2009, 2010, 2011|
|AD Torrejón CF||0||1|
- Title won as Sant Vicent València CFF.
- Currently Extremadura UD.
All-time Primera División table
This table includes all games played since the 2001–02 season, when the Superliga recovered its format of a single group after several years with four groups and the group winners playing a Final Four. For a timeline of each team's league record, see List of women's football clubs in Spain.
|1||16||Athletic Club||450||318||60||72||1261||461||+800||1014||Primera División|
|9||12||Sporting de Huelva||346||129||70||147||523||568||−45||457|
|10||13||Zaragoza CFF||376||126||66||184||544||736||−192||444||Segunda División|
|11||10||AD Torrejón CF||250||120||39||91||505||429||+76||399||Regional leagues|
|12||8||CFF Puebla||170||92||22||56||385||269||+116||298||Segunda División|
|13||12||Oviedo Moderno CF[b]||314||73||62||179||363||697||−334||281|
|14||9||SD Lagunak||248||75||38||135||295||519||−224||263||Regional leagues|
|15||7||CD Híspalis[c]||170||64||20||86||327||439||−112||212||Segunda División|
|17||6||Sevilla FC[c]||168||48||28||92||204||335||−131||172||Primera División|
|18||5||UE L'Estartit||140||51||18||71||229||274||−45||171||Regional leagues|
|19||5||CE Sant Gabriel||152||49||24||79||213||307||−94||171||Segunda División|
|20||5||CFF Estudiantes de Huelva||118||50||19||49||284||241||+43||166[d]||Dissolved|
|21||4||CE Sabadell FC||94||50||15||29||292||175||+117||165||Regional leagues|
|22||3||UD Granadilla Tenerife||90||43||18||29||150||118||+32||147||Primera División|
|23||4||Santa Teresa CD||120||32||25||63||124||229||−105||121||Segunda División|
|24||4||Fundación Albacete||120||25||25||70||164||290||−126||100||Primera División|
|26||5||CF Pozuelo de Alarcón||124||24||14||86||173||390||−217||86||Segunda División|
|27||2||Real Betis||60||24||8||28||76||88||−12||80||Primera División|
|28||4||CD Nuestra Señora de Belén||94||22||7||65||109||357||−248||73||Segunda División|
|29||3||CFF Badajoz Olivenza[f]||94||19||14||61||97||203||−106||71|
|30||2||FC Levante Las Planas||60||15||9||36||61||120||−59||54||Regional leagues|
|31||2||UD Las Palmas||50||14||6||30||80||114||−34||48||Dissolved|
|32||2||SD Reocín||62||11||10||41||72||188||−116||43||Regional leagues|
|33||2||Oiartzun KE||60||10||12||38||47||141||−94||42||Segunda División|
|34||1||Madrid CFF||30||10||6||14||34||56||−22||36||Primera División|
|35||1||Granada CF||30||5||7||18||41||81||−40||22||Segunda División|
|38||3||ADP Nuestra Señora de la Antigua||68||5||5||58||50||280||−230||20|
|39||1||FVPR El Olivo||34||5||4||25||43||112||−69||19||Regional leagues|
|40||1||UD Tacuense||30||3||6||21||22||85||−63||15||Segunda División|
|41||1||FCF Atlético Jiennense[g]||24||3||2||19||23||81||−58||11||Regional leagues|
|42||2||Gimnàstic de Tarragona||52||3||1||48||25||224||−199||10||Dissolved|
|43||1||Gijón FF||24||0||1||23||19||96||−77||1||Segunda División|
|44||0||EDF Logroño||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||Primera División|
- Games played as Colegio Alemán included.
- Currently named Real Oviedo.
- Games between 2001 and 2007 are included in CD Híspalis, while games since 2009 are included in Sevilla FC.
- 3 points docked.
- Previously named Atlético Málaga.
- Currently named CD Badajoz.
- Current name, played in Primera División as Real Jaén.
List of top goalscorer by season
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a final game where Sant Vicent defeated Sabadell
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Atlético Málaga beat Sant Vicènt by 2–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Oroquieta Villaverde beat Irex Puebla.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Irex Puebla beat Torrejón in the penalty shootout after a draw by 0–0.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a single-game final where Levante beat Eibartarrak by 4–0.
- Unbeaten season (26 matches)
- Sevilla FC participated as sponsor of CD Híspalis, before creating its own team in 2008.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 1–0 and 1–1.
- Played with teams divided into groups, the title was decided in a double-legged final where Rayo Vallecano won 2–2 and 1–2.
- Unbeaten season (30 matches)
- Reunión Comisión Mixta de seguimiento de la Superliga Archived 11 October 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Iberdrola patrocinará la Primera División Femenina" (in Spanish). La Liga. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Spain - List of Women's Champions". RSSSF. 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2011.