Swiss Market Index
|Foundation||June 30, 1988|
|Operator||SIX Swiss Exchange|
|Exchanges||SIX Swiss Exchange|
|Type||Large-cap, price index|
|Market cap||CHF 1,046 billion (26 February 2021, free-float-adjusted)|
|Related indices||SMI MID, SMI Expanded, SPI 20, SPI, SLI|
The Swiss Market Index (SMI) is Switzerland's blue-chip stock market index, which makes it the most followed in the country. It is made up of 20 of the largest and most liquid Swiss Performance Index (SPI) stocks. As a price index, the SMI is not adjusted for dividends.
The SMI was introduced on June 30, 1988 at a baseline value of 1,500 points. It closed above the symbolic level of 10,000 points for the first time on July 2, 2019. It is currently in a bull market, which it entered on May 25, 2021 after breaking its previous record. This ended the bear market that had started on March 12, 2020. It reached the 12,000 point milestone on June 17, 2021.
Its composition is examined once a year. Currently, it contains 19 large-caps and one mid-cap. Calculation takes place in real-time. As soon as a new transaction occurs in a security contained in the SMI, an updated index level is calculated and displayed. However, the index is updated no more than once per second. The SMI is calculated in Swiss Francs, the currency of the Swiss Confederation.
The securities contained in the SMI currently represent approximately 70% of the free-float Swiss equity market capitalization, as well as 85% to 90% of the total trading turnover of Swiss and Liechtenstein equities listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Because the SMI is considered to be a mirror of the overall Swiss stock market, it is used as the benchmark for numerous mutual funds, index funds and ETFs, and as the underlying index for numerous derivative financial instruments such as options, futures and structured products.
In 2020, the SMI, along with other SIX indices, was endorsed under the EU Benchmarks Regulation and is registered with the European Securities and Markets Authority, which means that it can be used as an underlying for financial products sold in the EU.
The underlying universe of the SMI, from which candidate constituents are selected, is the SPI. To be accepted into the SMI, a given issue must meet stringent requirements with regard to liquidity and market capitalization. On the one hand, it must represent at least 50% of the average liquidity of the SPI constituent issues. On the other hand, it must have a minimum free-float capitalization equal to 0.45% or more of the entire SPI capitalization. Thus, trading volume and capitalization are the determining factors in the quarterly rankings. The composition of the index is reviewed annually on the third Friday in September.
Fixed number of 20 securities
The SMI comprises a fixed number of 20 securities as of the ordinary review date in September 2007. Prior to this date, the index contained 25 listings.
In 2017, in order to address the issue that the top three constituents (Nestlé, Roche, Novartis) account for more than 60% of the index capitalization, SIX Swiss Exchange changed the rules of the SMI to introduce capped weighting. The weight of any constituent in the SMI index can no longer exceed 18%.
Readjusting any weight exceeding 18% down to that value is done, in principle, on a quarterly basis. However, whenever a constituent reaches a weight exceeding 20% during a quarter (intra-quarter breach), then the weight is brought back to 18% without waiting for the next quarterly review.
To make the transition smoother, there was an initial transition period during which these changes were progressively implemented, in steps of at most 3% per quarter.
Additionally, a new index, the SPI 20, was created to continue indexing the 20 SMI constituents without any caps.
As of September 20, 2021, the following 20 stocks make up the SMI index.
The rank is based on free-float capitalization as of March 28, 2021. The first ten weights are given as of February 26, 2021. The other weights are given as of March 23, 2020. The latest update following the ordinary review was implemented on September 20, 2021, when Logitech replaced Swatch.
|Rank||Name||Industry||Ticker||Canton||Weighting in %|
|2||Novartis International AG||Pharmacy||NOVN||Basel||17|
|3||Roche Holding AG||Pharmacy||ROG||Basel||17|
|4||Zurich Insurance Group AG||Insurance||ZURN||Zurich||5|
|5||UBS Group AG||Banks||UBSG||Zurich/Basel||5|
|6||ABB Ltd||Electrical equipment||ABBN||Zurich||5|
|7||Compagnie Financière Richemont SA||Luxury Goods||CFR||Geneva||4|
|8||Lonza Group AG||Chemistry||LONN||Basel||4|
|12||Holcim Limited||Building materials||HOLN||St. Gallen||2|
|14||Credit Suisse Group AG||Banks||CSGN||Zurich||2|
|15||Partners Group Holding AG||Private equity||PGHN||Zug||2|
|16||Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd||Insurance||SREN||Zurich||2|
|17||Geberit AG||Sanitary engineering||GEBN||St. Gallen||2|
|19||Swiss Life Holding AG||Insurance||SLHN||Zurich||1|
|20||Logitech International SA||Computer hardware and software||LOGN||Vaud||1|
The indices are available in several variations. For example, the SMI, which is a price index, also exists as a performance index, the SMI Cum Dividend (SMIC), which takes into account dividend distributions.
|June 2007||The ranking as of 30 June 2007 (according to average capitalization and the turnover achieved during one year, i.e. from 1 July 2006 through 30 June 2007) determined which companies would remain within the SMI after the number of issues was changed to 20. On 5 July 2007, SWX announced that Ciba Specialty Chemicals, Lonza Group, Givaudan, SGS and one of the two classes of shares of Swatch Group would leave the SMI as of 24 September 2007 leaving 20 securities in the index.|
|September 2009||Nobel Biocare and Bâloise replaced by Lonza Group and SGS.|
|June 2010||Swiss Life replaced by Transocean.|
|September 2011||Lonza Group replaced by Givaudan.|
|June 2012||Synthes replaced by Geberit following the merger with Johnson & Johnson.|
|January 2016||Transocean replaced by Swiss Life.|
|May 2017||Actelion replaced by Lonza Group after Actelion's purchase by Johnson & Johnson. In the same month, Sika AG replaced Syngenta after its purchase by ChemChina.|
|June 2018||Sika announced a 1:60 stock split. Before this change, it was the SMI constituent with the highest price per share.|
|April 2019||Julius Bär replaced by Alcon after a spin-off (5:1) from Novartis.|
|September 2020||Adecco replaced by Partners Group after the ordinary index review.|
|May 2021||LafargeHolcim renamed to Holcim.|
|September 2021||Swatch Group was replaced with Logitech.|
The following table shows the annual development of the Swiss Market Index since 1988.
|Year||Closing level||Change in Index|
The following table shows historic milestones of the Swiss Market Index. Latest seen values are not final: italic indicates that the value may be seen again if the bull market persists; parentheses indicate that the value will be seen again if we reenter a bear market (-20% from the peak); Other values may be seen again in case of a crash (assuming a threshold of -50%).
|(Closing price)||Value||First seen||Latest seen|
|Calibration||1,500.00||June 30, 1988||February 2, 1991|
|Record low||1,287.60||January 14, 1991|
|Milestone||2,000.00||December 14, 1992||December 14, 1992|
|Milestone||2,500.00||October 5, 1993||March 30, 1995|
|Milestone||3,000.00||January 5, 1994||September 25, 1995|
|Milestone||3,500.00||March 7, 1996||August 2, 1996|
|Milestone||4,000.00||January 16, 1997||March 14, 2003|
|Milestone||4,500.00||February 17, 1997||March 10, 2009|
|Milestone||5,000.00||May 5, 1997||August 11, 2011|
|Milestone||6,000.00||July 8, 1997||June 29, 2012|
|Milestone||7,000.00||February 25, 1998||(January 3, 2013)|
|Milestone||8,000.00||July 1, 1998||(December 9, 2016)|
|Milestone||9,000.00||January 12, 2007||(March 30, 2020)|
|Milestone||10,000.00||July 2, 2019||(November 3, 2020)|
|Milestone||12,000.00||June 17, 2021||October 22, 2021|
|Maximum close||12,970.53||December 28, 2021||December 28, 2021|
|Record high||12,997.15||January 3, 2022|
Notes and references
- "Swiss Market Index SMI® Total Return" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 28 March 2021.
- "SMI® - the Blue Chip Index". SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
- "Rules Governing The SMI Index Family" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
- "Volume and turnover". SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
- "Swiss Indices Endorsed Under the EU Benchmarks Regulation". SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
- "SWX Indices: Adjustments to SMI, SMIM and SLI composition and SPI Small/Mid/Large breakdown" (PDF) (Press release). SWX Swiss Exchange. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 18 July 2007.
- "SIX Swiss Exchange Indices: Adjustments to SMI®, SMIM® and SLI® composition and SPI® small/middle/large breakdown" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Extraordinary inclusion of Transocean Ltd in the SMI and SLI indices" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
- "Index adjustments on the occasion of the ordinary index review" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Index adjustments on the occasion of the delisting of Synthes N" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
- "Index adjustments in conjunction with delisting of Transocean Ltd" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
- "Index adjustments in conjunction with the takeover of Actelion Ltd" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Index adjustments in conjunction with the takeover of Syngenta AG" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- "Sika AG: Stock Split and ISIN-Change". Eurex Exchange. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
- "ALCON to be included into SMI indices" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- "Index adjustments on the occasion of the ordinary index review" (PDF). SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
- "Index adjustments on the occasion of the ordinary index review". SIX Swiss Exchange. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
- "SMI PR (^SSMI) Verlauf – Yahoo Finanzen". de.finance.yahoo.com (in German). Retrieved 21 January 2020.