Syrian Democratic Council

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Syrian Democratic Council

ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ
Meclîsa Sûriya Demokratîk
مجلس سوريا الديمقراطية
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Co-Leader of the National Council
Riad Darar, Independent
since 25 February 2017
Co-Leader of the National Council
Îlham Ehmed
since 16 July 2018
Structure
Seats43
Political groups
Government parties (25)
  •      PYD 8
  •      TWDS 4
  •      QMH 3
  •      HRC 2
  •      ENKS 2
  •      Other 6

Other parliamentary parties (18)

  •      HNKS 3
  •      SUP 3
  •      KDCK 2
  •      ADP 1
  •      SDS 1
  •      Other 8
Meeting place
Al-Malikiyah, Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria[1]
Website
http://m-syria-d.com
Emblem of the SA-NES.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria

The Syrian Democratic Council (Arabic: مجلس سوريا الديمقراطيةMSD, Classical Syriac: ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ‎, romanized: Mawtbo d'Suriya Demoqraṭoyto, Kurdish: Meclîsa Sûriya Demokratîk‎) is the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces in the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria. The SDC's stated mission is working towards the implementation of a "secular, democratic and federalist system for all of Syria".[2]

Establishment and history[edit]

2015[edit]

The Syrian Democratic Council was established on 10 December 2015 in Al-Malikiyah.[3][4][5] Prominent human rights activist Haytham Manna was co-chairman at its founding.[6]

The Assembly that established the Syrian Democratic Council was made up of 13 members from specific ethnic, economic and political backgrounds.[7]

2016[edit]

On 1 August 2016 the Syrian Democratic Council opened a public office in Hasakah.[8]

On 11 September 2016 the Syria's Tomorrow Movement signed a cooperation agreement with the Syrian Democratic Council and the associated de facto autonomous region of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.[9]

In late September and early October 2016 a forum for the Syrian Democratic Council was held in the town of Rmelan, in the northeastern Hasakah Governorate. Those that attended the conference included a representative from Jableh, in the western Latakia Governorate.[10]

2017[edit]

On 13 January 2017, a youth constituent assembly was established in Qamishli.[11]

On 25 February 2017, the Assyrian Democratic Party agreed to join the Syrian Democratic Council, and the YPG agreed to hand over security in the Assyrian towns along the Khabur River to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh which joined the Syrian Democratic Forces.[12][13][14] On 13 April, PYD forces officially handed over the Khabur valley's villages to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh, though the YPG kept a military base near Tell Tamer.[15] On the same day, the second conference of the SDC took place in al-Malikiyah and Riad Darar was elected as the co-president of the SDC, replacing Haytham Manna, alongside Îlham Ehmed, who was re-elected.[16]

On 28 May 2017, a female branch of the Syrian Democratic Assembly was established in Al-Shaddadah.[17]

2018[edit]

On 16 July 2018, the Third Conference of SDC held under the slogan "Towards a Political Solution and Building a Decentralized Democratic Syria" in Al-Tabqa city, where the delegates elected Amina Omar, replacing Îlham Ehmed, who was elected chairman of Executive Council, and re-elected Riad Darar as co-chairs of SDC.[18][19]

On 6 September 2018, SDC held a meeting of local councils and autonomous administration departments in north and east Syria at the headquarters of SDC in Ain Issa town, with the participation of Amina Omar, co-chair of SDC, the heads of the civil councils in North Syria and the dignitaries of the Arab tribes, to form an autonomous administration of north and east of Syria on the basis of the decision taken at the third conference of the SDC held on 16 July this year. During the meeting, the 70-member General Council for Autonomous Administration of North , East Syria was formed as follows: 49 members of the legislative councils in the areas of Autonomous Administration and civil councils, and 21 members of the technocrats agreed upon through the preparatory committee and discuss other departments. Mrs. Siham Qariou (Syriac) and Mr. Farid Atti (Kurd) were elected to the joint presidency of the General Council for the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria, also were elected five members of General Office of the Council. Mrs. Berivan Khaled (Khalid) and Abdul Hamid al-Mahbash were elected co-chairmans of Executive Body.[20][21][22][23]
Later, in the meeting held on 3 October 2018, the co-chairs of the nine Authorities of the Executive Council were elected.[24][25] On October 21, the first meeting of the General Council was held, at which a legal committee of 3 people was created, whose tasks is to determination laws, concepts and proposals from a commitees, departments and offices, in addition to studying the laws issued by the Council. At the meeting it was decided to hold meetings of the Council twice a month.[26]

Involvement in negotiations on Syria[edit]

The Syrian Democratic Council was invited to participate in the international Geneva III peace talks on Syria in March 2016. However, it rejected the invitations because no representatives of the Movement for a Democratic Society, led by the Democratic Union Party, were invited.[27]

Effective 31 January 2018, the SDC is registered in the US as a "foreign political party" under the Foreign Agents Registration Act.[28]

Members of the General Federal Assembly[edit]

Name Party Alliance Canton Notes
Salih El-Nebwanî Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ?
Haytham Manna Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Co-leader of Assembly, Heysem Menaa (Kurdish Transcription)
Majid Hebu Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Macid Hebo, European Representative of Wheat Wave Movement
Betar El-Şerih Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Meram Dawûd Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Ziyad El-Asî Syrian Democratic Society TAA ? Affiliated to Ahmed Al-Jarba
Kerîm El-Dîn Fadil Fetûm Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party KDCK ?
Ebilqadir El-Miwehed Syrian Democratic Modernity Party ? Led by Fîras Qesas
Parêzer Elaaddin El-Xalid Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Ehmed Ehrec Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Fîdan Berîm Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Rewan Mihemed
Ceyhan Khaddro Syrian National Democratic Alliance Shahba Dayr Hafir Representative
Îşûh Gewriyê Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Şemîran Şemûn Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Lawyer Macid Behî Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Mihmedê Mûsê Left Party of Syrian Kurds KDCK ?
Rojîn Remo Yekîtiya Star TEV-DEM Women's Representative, also in Democratic Union Party (PYD)
Alî Hoco N/A N/A Shahba Jarablus Representative
Sîhanok Dîbo Democratic Union Party (PYD) TEV-DEM Jazira
Hikmet Hebîb Arab National Coalition ?
Mistefa Meşayix Democratic Unity Party of Kurdistan (Democratic Yekîtî) HNKS ?
Wail Mîrza Assyrian Democratic Party Jazira
Telal Mihemed Syrian Kurds' Democratic Peace Party (PADKS) TEV-DEM ?
Mizgîn Zêdan Democratic Transformation Party ?
Ferhad Têlo Kurdistan Liberal Union Party (PYLK) TEV-DEM ?
Xensa Hemûd Bureau of Arab Women ?
Newal El-Mezîd Independent ?
Ebdilrezaq Mihemed El-Taî Democratic Council of Arab Tribes Jazira
Îlham Ehmed Democratic Union Party (PYD) TEV-DEM ? Co-leader of Assembly, also Yekîtiya Star
Cîhad Mihemed Omer Independent (TEV-DEM) TEV-DEM ?
Emar Helûş El-Salêm Independent ?
Fewzî Şengalî Kurdish Democratic Accord Party (al Wifaq) HNKS ?
Emcet Osman Syrian Reform Movement (Al-Îslah) HNKS ?
Îbrahîm El-Hesen N/A N/A Kobanî Tell Abyad Turkmen Representative
Bêrîvan Ehmed N/A N/A N/A Youth Representative
Faris Eto Şemo Yazidi House Jazira Mala Êzîdiyan
Fehed Daqûrî Council of Kurdish Tribes Kobanî
Cîhan Xedro Independent Shahba
Cemal Şêx Baqî Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party (PDK-S) ENKS ? Jamal Sheik Baqi
Nasir El-Nasir Independent ?
Bassam Said Ishak Syriac National Council ? Syriac European diaspora Representative
Hisnî Xemîs Independent ?
Cebel El-Ereb Patriotic Initiative HNKS ?

[29][30]

Members of the Federal Executive Council[edit]

Name Party Alliance Canton Notes
Îşûh Gewriyê Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira Jazira Region Assyrian Representative
Meram Dawûd Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Îbrahîm El-Hesen N/A N/A Kobanî Tell Abyad Turkmen Representative
Rojîn Remo Yekîtiya Star TEV-DEM N/A Women's Representative, Democratic Union Party (PYD)
Hikmet Hebîb Arab National Coalition ? Ehmed El-Hebîb
Bêrîvan Ehmed N/A N/A N/A Youth Representative
Cemal Şêx Baqî Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria (PDK-S) ENKS ?
Parêzer Elaaddin El-Xalid Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Alaaddin Xalid
Salih El-Nebwanî Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria forms political wing". Al Jazeera. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  2. ^ https://twitter.com/SDCPress
  3. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition fighting Islamic State in Syria creates political wing". GlobalPost (AFP). 2015-12-10. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  4. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria forms political wing". Al Jazeera. 2015-12-11. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  5. ^ "Executive Board of Democratic Syria Assembly elected". ANF. 2015-12-13. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  6. ^ "Haytham Manna Elected Joint Chairman of Syrian Democratic Council". The Syrian Observer. 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  7. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria creates political wing". Ekurd Daily. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Inauguration of the 1st MSD office". Hawar News Agency. 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
  9. ^ "Agreement for the future of Syria". ANF. 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Jableh representative in Rmaylan forum: Federation guarantees Syrian unity". Hawar News Agency. 1 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Announcing the formation of a constituent assembly to build youth system in northern Syria". Hawar News Agency. 13 January 2017.
  12. ^ Anita Garibaldi [@Anit_Garibaldi] (24 February 2017). "1. Under reported deal reached last month between Assyrians of Khabour and PYD. YPG to leave all Assyrian towns along the Khabour River..." (Tweet). Retrieved 14 April 2017 – via Twitter.
  13. ^ CristiansOrient 🎗 [@CristiansOrient] (2 March 2017). "Milicians cristians dels Guàrdies del Khabour, Forces Democràtiques de #Síria" (Tweet). Retrieved 14 April 2017 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ ADP Facebook
  15. ^ "Assyrians seek self-management in Hasaka over deal with PYD". Zaman al-Wasl. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  16. ^ Sardar Mlla Drwish (27 March 2017). "What federalism would mean for northern Syria". Al-Monitor.
  17. ^ InfoRojava-Kurdistan [@info_Rojava] (28 May 2017). "#Rojava #Syrie L'Assemblée démocratique de Syrie a ouvert sa branche féminine à Shadadé" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  18. ^ "Amina Omar ,Ryad Derrar elected as co-chairs of MSD".
  19. ^ "مجلس سوريا الديمقراطية ينهي أعمال مؤتمره بإصدار البيان الختامي - ANHA" (in Arabic).
  20. ^ "Formation of Autonomous Administration of North, East Syria". Hawar News Agency.
  21. ^ "Final statement of Autonomous Administration of North, East Syria". Hawar News Agency.
  22. ^ "Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria announced in Ain Issa".
  23. ^ "Berivan Khalid: Rules of procedure's draft of bodies to be completed within next 10 days".
  24. ^ "Who are co-chairs of DAA bodies of north, east Syria?".
  25. ^ "تعرف على الرؤساء المشتركين لهيئات الإدارة الذاتية لشمال وشرق سوريا" (in Arabic).
  26. ^ "المجلس العام للإدارة الذاتية يناقش آلية عمله ويتخذ قرارات في جلسته الاولى". Hawar News Agency (in Arabic).
  27. ^ "Head of Opposition Syrian Democratic Council to Skip Peace Talks in Geneva". Sputnik International. 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
  28. ^ "Syrian Kurds apply to set up mission in Washington". Hurriyet Daily News. 2018-04-20.
  29. ^ "Executive Board of Democratic Syria Assembly elected". Ajansa Nûçeyan a Firatê. 13 December 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  30. ^ Khurshid, Ahmed. "مجلس سورية الديمقراطي" [Syria Democratic Council] (in Arabic). Syrian Establishment for Studies and Research of public opinion. Retrieved 20 September 2016.