Syrian Democratic Council

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Syrian Democratic Council
ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ
Meclîsa Sûriya Demokratîk
مجلس سوريا الديمقراطية
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Co-Leader of the National Council
Riad Darar, Independent
Since 25 February 2017
Co-Leader of the National Council
Îlham Ehmed, TEV-DEM
Since 12 December 2015
Structure
Seats 43
Political groups

Government parties (25)

  •      PYD 8
  •      TWDS 4
  •      QMH 3
  •      HRC 2
  •      ENKS 2
  •      Other 6

Other parliamentary parties (18)

  •      HNKS 3
  •      SUP 3
  •      KDCK 2
  •      ADP 1
  •      SDS 1
  •      Other 8
Elections
Direct democracy
Hagenbach-Bischoff system
Last election
December 10, 2015; 2 years ago (2015-12-10)
Meeting place
Al-Malikiyah, Al-Hasakah Governorate, Syria[1]
Website
http://m-syria-d.com
Coat of Arms of Rojava.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Democratic Federation of Northern Syria

The Syrian Democratic Council (Arabic: مجلس سوريا الديمقراطيةMSD, Classical Syriac: ܡܘܬܒܐ ܕܣܘܪܝܐ ܕܝܡܩܪܛܝܬܐ‎, translit. Mawtbo d'Suriya Demoqraṭoyto, Kurdish: Meclîsa Sûriya Demokratîk‎) is the political wing of the Syrian Democratic Forces in the de facto autonomous Democratic Federation of Northern Syria. Both organisations work towards the implementation of a secular, democratic and federalist system for all of Syria.

Establishment and history[edit]

2015[edit]

The Syrian Democratic Council was established on 10 December 2015 in Al-Malikiyah.[2][3][4] Prominent human rights activist Haytham Manna was co-chairman at its founding.[5]

The Assembly that established the Syrian Democratic Council was made up of 13 members from specific ethnic, economic and political backgrounds.[6]

2016[edit]

On 1 August 2016 the Syrian Democratic Council opened a public office in Hasakah.[7]

On 11 September 2016 the Syria's Tomorrow Movement signed a cooperation agreement with the Syrian Democratic Council and the associated de facto autonomous administration of the Democratic Federation of Northern Syria.[8]

In late September and early October 2016 a forum for the Syrian Democratic Council was held in the town of Rmelan, in the northeastern Hasakah Governorate. Those that attended the conference included a representative from Jableh, in the western Latakia Governorate.[9]

2017[edit]

On 13 January 2017, a youth constituent assembly was established in Qamishli.[10]

On 22 February 2017, during a meeting of the Manbij People’s Assembly, the 132 assembly members institutionalized the “Democratic Civilian Administration of Manbij and its Surroundings” self-administration.[11]

On 25 February 2017, the Assyrian Democratic Party agreed to join the Syrian Democratic Council, and the YPG agreed to hand over security in the Assyrian towns along the Khabur River to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh which joined the Syrian Democratic Forces.[12][13][14] On 13 April, PYD forces officially handed over the Khabur valley's villages to the Khabour Guards and Nattoreh, though the YPG kept a military base near Tell Tamer.[15] On the same day, the second conference of the SDC took place in al-Malikiyah and Riad Darar was elected as the co-president of the SDC, replacing Haytham Manna, alongside Îlham Ehmed, who was re-elected.[16]

On 12 March 2017, the Legislative Assembly of Manbij approved the elected co-presidents who then took office. During the meeting the departments of the committee members, co-presidents and committees were determined after speeches and evaluations. 13 committees where determined.[11] The 13 new committees include 71 Arabs, 43 Kurds, 10 Turkmen, 8 Circassians, and an Armenian and a Chechen.[17]

On 2 April 2017, the Sahbaa council held a meeting with residents of Nayrabiyah village of the Al-Bab Subdistrict & announced the creation of Nayrabiyah council.[18]

On April 18, 2017, following 9 months of preparation, the Raqqa Civilian Assembly, currently based in Ayn Issa was fully established. During the meeting, co-Presidents where elected and 14 committees where established. The Assembly consists of Arabs, Kurds and Turkmen.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]

On 15 May 2017, an agreement was made to establish a 'Tabqa Civilian Assembly'. This assembly will be temporary as a broader assembly will be established with councils following the return of residents.[27]

On 27 May 2017, a preparatory meeting for the formation of the Armenian Youth Council took place in the rural hamlet of al-Hazumiyah, on the northern slopes of Mount Abdulaziz.[28][29]

On 28 May 2017, a female branch of the Syrian Democratic Assembly was established in Al-Shaddadah.[30]

Involvement in negotiations on Syria[edit]

The Syrian Democratic Council was invited to participate in the international Geneva III peace talks on Syria in March 2016. However, it rejected the invitations because no representatives of the Movement for a Democratic Society, led by the Democratic Union Party, were invited.[31]

Effective 31 January 2018, the SDC is registered in the US as a "foreign political party" under the Foreign Agents Registration Act.[32]

Members of the General Federal Assembly[edit]

Name Party Alliance Canton Notes
Salih El-Nebwanî Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ?
Haytham Manna Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Co-leader of Assembly, Heysem Menaa (Kurdish Transcription)
Majid Hebu Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ? Macid Hebo, European Representative of Wheat Wave Movement
Betar El-Şerih Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Meram Dawûd Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Ziyad El-Asî Syrian Democratic Society TAA ? Affiliated to Ahmed Al-Jarba
Kerîm El-Dîn Fadil Fetûm Democratic Socialist Arab Ba'ath Party KDCK ?
Ebilqadir El-Miwehed Syrian Democratic Modernity Party ? Led by Fîras Qesas
Parêzer Elaaddin El-Xalid Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Ehmed Ehrec Syrian National Democratic Alliance ?
Fîdan Berîm Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Rewan Mihemed
Ceyhan Khaddro Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Shahba Dayr Hafir Representative
Îşûh Gewriyê Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Şemîran Şemûn Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Lawyer Macid Behî Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira
Mihmedê Mûsê Left Party of Syrian Kurds KDCK ?
Rojîn Remo Yekîtiya Star TEV-DEM Women's Representative, also in Democratic Union Party (PYD)
Alî Hoco N/A N/A Shahba Jarablus Representative
Sîhanok Dîbo Democratic Union Party (PYD) TEV-DEM Jazira
Hikmet Hebîb Arab National Coalition ?
Mistefa Meşayix Democratic Unity Party of Kurdistan (Democratic Yekîtî) HNKS ?
Wail Mîrza Assyrian Democratic Party Jazira
Telal Mihemed Syrian Kurds' Democratic Peace Party (PADKS) TEV-DEM ?
Mizgîn Zêdan Democratic Transformation Party ?
Ferhad Têlo Kurdistan Liberal Union Party (PYLK) TEV-DEM ?
Xensa Hemûd Bureau of Arab Women ?
Newal El-Mezîd Independent ?
Ebdilrezaq Mihemed El-Taî Democratic Council of Arab Tribes Jazira
Îlham Ehmed Democratic Union Party (PYD) TEV-DEM ? Co-leader of Assembly, also Yekîtiya Star
Cîhad Mihemed Omer Independent (TEV-DEM) TEV-DEM ?
Emar Helûş El-Salêm Independent ?
Fewzî Şengalî Kurdish Democratic Accord Party (al Wifaq) HNKS ?
Emcet Osman Syrian Reform Movement (Al-Îslah) HNKS ?
Îbrahîm El-Hesen N/A N/A Kobanî Tell Abyad Turkmen Representative
Bêrîvan Ehmed N/A N/A N/A Youth Representative
Faris Eto Şemo Êzîdî House Jazira Mala Êzîdiyan
Fehed Daqûrî Council of Kurdish Tribes Kobanî
Cîhan Xedro Independent Shahba
Cemal Şêx Baqî Syrian Kurdish Democratic Party (PDK-S) ENKS ? Jamal Sheik Baqi
Nasir El-Nasir Independent ?
Bassam Said Ishak Syriac National Council ? Syriac European diaspora Representative
Hisnî Xemîs Independent ?
Cebel El-Ereb Patriotic Initiative HNKS ?

[33][34]

Members of the Federal Executive Council[edit]

Name Party Alliance Canton Notes
Îşûh Gewriyê Syriac Union Party (SUP) TEV-DEM Jazira Jazira Region Assyrian Representative
Meram Dawûd Honor and Rights Convention (CDR) ?
Îbrahîm El-Hesen N/A N/A Kobanî Tell Abyad Turkmen Representative
Rojîn Remo Yekîtiya Star TEV-DEM N/A Women's Representative, Democratic Union Party (PYD)
Hikmet Hebîb Arab National Coalition ? Ehmed El-Hebîb
Bêrîvan Ehmed N/A N/A N/A Youth Representative
Cemal Şêx Baqî Kurdistan Democratic Party of Syria (PDK-S) ENKS ?
Parêzer Elaaddin El-Xalid Syrian National Democratic Alliance ? Alaaddin Xalid
Salih El-Nebwanî Law–Citizenship–Rights Movement (QMH) ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria forms political wing". Al Jazeera. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition fighting Islamic State in Syria creates political wing". GlobalPost (AFP). 2015-12-10. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  3. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria forms political wing". Al Jazeera. 2015-12-11. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  4. ^ "Executive Board of Democratic Syria Assembly elected". ANF. 2015-12-13. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  5. ^ "Haytham Manna Elected Joint Chairman of Syrian Democratic Council". The Syrian Observer. 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  6. ^ "Kurdish-Arab coalition in Syria creates political wing". Ekurd Daily. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2016. 
  7. ^ "Inauguration of the 1st MSD office". Hawar News Agency. 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-08-03. 
  8. ^ "Agreement for the future of Syria". ANF. 11 September 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Jableh representative in Rmaylan forum: Federation guarantees Syrian unity". Hawar News Agency. 1 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "Announcing the formation of a constituent assembly to build youth system in northern Syria". Hawar News Agency. 13 January 2017. 
  11. ^ a b News, ANF. "Manbij Democratic Civilian Administration Council takes office". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  12. ^ Anita Garibaldi [@Anit_Garibaldi] (24 February 2017). "1. Under reported deal reached last month between Assyrians of Khabour and PYD. YPG to leave all Assyrian towns along the Khabour River..." (Tweet). Retrieved 14 April 2017 – via Twitter. 
  13. ^ CristiansOrient 🎗 [@CristiansOrient] (2 March 2017). "Milicians cristians dels Guàrdies del Khabour, Forces Democràtiques de #Síria" (Tweet). Retrieved 14 April 2017 – via Twitter. 
  14. ^ ADP Facebook
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  16. ^ Sardar Mlla Drwish (27 March 2017). "What federalism would mean for northern Syria". Al-Monitor. 
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  19. ^ News, ANF. "Raqqa Civilian Assembly Establishment Meeting kicks off". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  20. ^ "الاجتماع التأسيسي يتواصل وإلهام أحمد تحثّ أبناء الرقة على المشاركة الفعالة - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  21. ^ "انتخاب الرئاسة المشتركة لمجلس الرقة المدني - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  22. ^ "مجلس الرقة المدني يشكل 14 لجنة لإدارة الرقة - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  23. ^ "العميد سلو: مجلس الرقة المدني سيدير المدينة بعد تحريرها - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  24. ^ "الرئاسة المشتركة ورؤساء اللجان يؤدون القسم - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
  25. ^ "البيان الختامي لاجتماع التأسيسي لمجلس الرقة المدني وجملة من القرارات - ANHA". Retrieved 27 April 2017. 
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  27. ^ https://anfenglish.com/news/tabqa-civilian-assembly-declared-20028
  28. ^ https://jazirology.wordpress.com/2017/05/30/armenian-awakening-at-mount-abdulaziz/
  29. ^ http://www.hawarnews.com/%D8%A7%D8%AC%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B9-%D8%AA%D8%AD%D8%B6%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%8A-%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B4%D9%83%D9%8A%D9%84-%D9%85%D8%AC%D9%84%D8%B3-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B1/
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  31. ^ "Head of Opposition Syrian Democratic Council to Skip Peace Talks in Geneva". Sputnik International. 2016-03-11. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  32. ^ "Syrian Kurds apply to set up mission in Washington". Hurriyet Daily News. 2018-04-20. 
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  34. ^ Khurshid, Ahmed. "مجلس سورية الديمقراطي" [Syria Democratic Council] (in Arabic). Syrian Establishment for Studies and Research of public opinion. Retrieved 20 September 2016.