Al-Hasakah

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Al-Hasakah
الحسكة
Hesîçe
City
Al-Hasakah is located in Syria
Al-Hasakah
Al-Hasakah
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 36°30′42″N 40°44′32″E / 36.51167°N 40.74222°E / 36.51167; 40.74222Coordinates: 36°30′42″N 40°44′32″E / 36.51167°N 40.74222°E / 36.51167; 40.74222
Country  Syria
Governorate Al-Hasakah Governorate
District Al-Hasakah District
Nahiyah Al-Hasakah
Population (2004 census[1])
 • City 188,160
 • Metro 251,570
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)
Area code(s) 52

Al-Hasakah (Arabic: الحسكة‎, Kurdish: Hesîçe‎, Syriac: ܚܣܟܗ), also known as Al-Hasakeh, is the capital city of the Al-Hasakah Governorate and it is located in the far north-eastern corner of Syria. With a population of 188,160 residents in 2004, Al-Hasakah is among the 10 largest cities in Syria and the largest in the governorate. It is the administrative center of a nahiyah ("subdistrict") consisting of 108 localities with a combined population of 251,570 in 2004.[2] Al-Hasakah is a predominantly Kurdish city with a mixed population of Kurds and Arabs and in addition to a significant minority of Assyrians and a smaller number of Armenians.[3] The Khabur River runs through Al-Hasakah and the rest of the governorate.

Geography[edit]

Al-Hasakah is 80 km south of the Turkish border-city of Qamishli. The Khabur River, a tributary of the Euphrates River flows through the city, downriver from Ras al-Ayn, another Turkish border-town. The Jaghjagh River flows into the Khabur River at Al-Hasakah.

Districts[edit]

The city of Al-Hasakah is divided into 5 districts, which are Al-Madinah, Al-Aziziyah, Ghuwayran, Al-Nasra and Al-Nashwa. These districts, in turn, are divided into 29 neighborhoods.[4]

English Name Arabic Name Population Neighborhoods (Population)
Al-Madinah المدينة 30,436 Al-Matar al-Shamali (9,396), Center / Al-Wista (6,067), Municipal Stadium / Al-Malaab al-Baladi (5,802), Al-Matar al-Janoubi (4,714), Al-Askari (4,457)
Al-Aziziyah العزيزية 56,123 Al-Salehiyah (21,319), Al-Ghazal (11,199), National Hospital / Al-Mashfa al-Watani (11,108), Al-Talaia (4,883), Abou Amshah (4,435), Al-Mufti (3,179)
Ghuwayran غويران 34,191 Sports City / Al-Madinah al-Riyadiyah (8,418), Al-Thawra (8,180), Al-Taqaddum (7,623), 16 Tishreen (5,595), Al-Zuhour (3,367), Abou Bakr (1,008)
Al-Nasra الناصرة 42,070 Tell Hajjar (10,343), Al-Kallasah (9,721), Al-Meshirfah (8,074), Al-Qusour (7,672), Al-Beitra (2,423), Al-Mashtal (2,306), Al-Maaishiyah (1,531)
Al-Nashwa النشوة 25,340 Al-Rasafah (12,618), Al-Masaken (4,968), Al-Khabour (3,805), Al-Liliyah (2,977), Villas / Al-Villat (972)

History[edit]

Mitanni houses at Tell Brak

Al-Hasakah is surrounded by several prehistoric settlement mounds. The best known are Tell Brak, 45 kilometers north-east and Tell Knedig, 20 kilometers to the south.

Excavations in 2007 on Citadel Hill. The barracks from the French Mandate, battalion Levant is in the background

In Ottoman times the town was insignificant. Today's settlement was established in April 1922 by a French military post. After the expulsion and genocide of the Armenians in the then Ottoman Empire many refugees fled to the city and began to develop it in the 1920s. During the French mandate period, Assyrians, fleeing ethnic cleanings in Iraq during the Simele massacre, established numerous villages along the Khabur River during the 1930s. French troops were stationed on the Citadel Hill during that time. In 1942 there were 7,835 inhabitants in al-Hasakah, several schools, two churches and a gas station. The new city grew from the 1950s to the administrative center of the region. The economic boom of the cities Qamishli and al-Hasakah was a result of the irrigation projects started in the 1960s which transformed the Northeast of Syria into the main cotton-growing area. The 1970s brought oil production from the oil fields of Qara Shuk and Rumaylan in the extreme northeast.

In 2007-2008, Syrian archaeologists excavated the 2.5-acre citadel hill in the city center. They found a layer of mud-brick walls dating to the Neo-Assyrian period of the 11th to the 8th century BCE, and the remains of a Byzantine church dating from the 5th century. In the overlying layers they found traces of settlement from the early Islamic period.

Syrian Civil War[edit]

Hasakah is currently largely controlled by the Kurds and their christian allies, with 30% or so controlled by IS and the Syrian Government.[5] Since August 2014 ISIL have besieged the city, having failed to enter it earlier, they took part of the city but were pushed back in mid 2015.[6][7]

The United Nations estimates that violence has displaced up to 120,000 people.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1942 7,835 —    
1981 73,426 +837.2%
1994 119,798 +63.2%
2004 188,160 +57.1%

In 2004 the population was 188,160. The population consists mostly of Arabs and Kurds in addition to a significant number of Assyrians and a smaller number of Armenians. There are at least nine church buildings in the city, proof of a large number of Christians of various rites. Although by contrast, there are more than forty mosques in the city. If a population ratio was made based off of that, the city would be around 80% Muslim and 20% Christian.

Sports[edit]

Al-Jazeera SC Hasakah is the largest football club in the city and plays at Bassel al-Assad Stadium.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]