Tábor

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Tábor
Aerial view of the old town
Aerial view of the old town
Flag of Tábor
Coat of arms of Tábor
Tábor is located in Czech Republic
Tábor
Tábor
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°24′52″N 14°39′28″E / 49.41444°N 14.65778°E / 49.41444; 14.65778Coordinates: 49°24′52″N 14°39′28″E / 49.41444°N 14.65778°E / 49.41444; 14.65778
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Bohemian
DistrictTábor
Founded1420
Government
 • MayorŠtěpán Pavlík
Area
 • Total62.22 km2 (24.02 sq mi)
Elevation
437 m (1,434 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01)[1]
 • Total34,119
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
390 01
Websitewww.taborcz.eu

Tábor (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtaːbor]; German: Tabor) is a town in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 34,000 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument reservation.

Administrative parts[edit]

The following villages are administrative parts of Tábor:

  • Čekanice
  • Čelkovice
  • Hlinice
  • Horky
  • Klokoty
  • Měšice
  • Náchod
  • Smyslov
  • Stoklasná Lhota
  • Větrovy
  • Všechov
  • Zahrádka
  • Záluží
  • Zárybničná Lhota

Etymology[edit]

Although the town's Czech name translates directly to "camp" or "encampment", these words were derived from the Tábor's name, and the town was named after the biblical Mount Tabor located in Israel. The town also gave its name to the Taborites, a radical wing of the Hussites.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Jordán Reservoir

Tábor lies 83 kilometres (52 miles) south of the capital Prague, 60 kilometres (37 miles) north of the regional capital České Budějovice. It lies on the river Lužnice.

Tábor is located in the geomorphological area of Tábor Uplands. The highest point is the Hýlačka hill with an altitude of 525 metres (1,722 ft) and the lowest is the surface of the river. The historical old town is situated on a hill above the river, which was used for the protection of the town.

In the middle of the town lies the Jordán Reservoir, which was created in 1492 and named after the biblical Jordan River. It was originally used for storage of water, but nowadays it is mainly used for recreation. It is the oldest reservoir in Central Europe.[4] There are also many fish ponds in the municipal territory.

History[edit]

The area is known to have been settled since the early Iron Age (6th–5th century BC). The next permanent settlement is documented in the Middle Ages. In around 1270, a short-lived settlement called Hradiště (meaning "gord") was founded, which was destroyed most likely in a rebellion against King Ottokar II of Bohemia in 1276.[5]

Tábor was founded in the spring of 1420, probably by Petr Hromádka of Jistebnice and other members of the most radical wing of the Hussites, who became known as the Taborites. Soon after the Taborites were victorious in the Battle of Tábor.[6] The village became the base from which the Hussites led their victorious expeditions. After the defeat of the Hussites in the Battle of Lipany, the Taborites reconciled with King Sigismund, and in 1437, it was promoted by Sigismund to a royal town. In 1452, the town surrended to the troops under the command of the country's steward of George of Poděbrady.[3][5]

From the end of the 15th century, the rapid development of Tábor occurred, which began to look like a real town and formed into its present form. Most of its landmarks was built in the 16th century. Great fires in 1532 and 1559 destroyed most of the citizens' houses, usually made of wood, but they also became an impetus for further construction development.[3][5]

In 1547, the town refused to provide military assistance to King Ferdinand I in his campaign against the German Lutherans. Ferdinand I punishmed Tábor by confiscation of vast lands, which were the source of prosperity of the town. In 1648, the town was looted by Swedish army. After the Thirty Years' War, a long period of peace occurred and the town recovered. In the mid-17th century, the monks from the Order of Discalced Augustinians were invited to spread the Catholic faith.[3][5]

Until 1918, "Tabor – Tábor" was part of the Austrian monarchy (the Austrian side after the compromise of 1867), in the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[7]

Demography[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186910,339—    
188011,251+8.8%
189012,652+12.5%
190015,155+19.8%
191017,495+15.4%
YearPop.±%
192118,204+4.1%
193019,425+6.7%
195023,696+22.0%
196124,528+3.5%
197027,181+10.8%
YearPop.±%
198031,867+17.2%
199136,342+14.0%
200136,557+0.6%
201134,430−5.8%
202134,119−0.9%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic[8]

Economy[edit]

The Tábor Hospital is by far the largest employer based in the town. The largest industrial employer is BRISK Tábor a.s., producer of spark plugs. The tradition of this production in Tábor dates back to 1935.[9]

Transport[edit]

Tábor is a significant transport hub. It lies on the mainline railway linking Prague with České Budějovice and Linz and local branch lines to Bechyně and Pelhřimov. The Tábor–Bechyně railway, built in 1903, was the first electrified railway line in Austria-Hungary.[3]

The town also lies on the European route E55 and it will be connected with Prague, České Budějovice and the Czech–Austrian border with a highway after the building of the planned D3 motorway is finished.

Sport[edit]

After the 2019–20 season, the local football club FC MAS Táborsko was promoted into the second-level Czech National Football League.

Tábor is also equipped with a winter stadium. The local ice hockey club, HC Tábor, plays in the third-level ice hockey league.

Other sport facilities in Tábor include a swimming pool and the Komora sports complex.

Sights[edit]

Žižkovo Square with the Old Town Hall (right)

Though a large part of the ancient fortifications has been demolished, Tábor still preserves many memorials of its past fame. The historical centre is formed by Žižkovo Square and adjacent streets, and is delimited by remains of the town walls. Only very narrow streets lead to it; this rendered the approach to the square more difficult in times of war. Many architecturally valuable burgher houses decorated by frescos, sgraffiti and gables are preserved, and represent almost all architectural styles.[10]

Town fortifications[edit]

Kotnov Tower and Bechyňská Gate

Major parts of the town fortifications, including the Kotnov Tower and the Bechyňská Gate near the tower, still exist. Kotnov Tower is a remain of a stone castle, which was documented already in 1370. It is a landmark on the town's skyline and today it serves as an observation tower.[10]

Under the houses and streets is a labyrinth of tunnels. The townspeople dug cellars under their houses and these were subsequently interconnected; an approximately 500 metres (1,600 ft)-long section of the tunnel system is open to the public and is a part of the Hussite Museum.[11]

Main square[edit]

Church of the Transfiguration of Jesus on the Mount Tabor

The largest building on the square is the Dean Church of the Transfiguration of Jesus on the Mount Tabor. It was built in 1480–1512 in the style of the Bohemian Renaissance. In the centre of the square there are a Renaissance fountain from 1567–1568, and a statue of Jan Žižka, the greatest of the Hussite leaders. The statue was created in 1884 by Josef Strachovský and replaced defective statue from 1877 by Josef Václav Myslbek.[10]

The Old Town Hall was built in stages from 1420 to 1521 in late Gothic style. After it was damaged in the Thirty Year's War, it was reconstructed in Baroque style, but in 1878, its late Gothic appearance was restored, and since then no major alterations were made. Since 1960, its premises have been used for the Hussite Museum and galleries, and the largest and most representative hall is used for important cultural events.[10] The museum contains interesting relics of the Hussite period, such as the Altar Wings of Roudníky.

Ecclesiastical buildings[edit]

Miluláše z Husi Square with the monastery complex (right)

The second church in the historical centre is the Church of Nativity of the Virgin Mary in the complex of Discalced Augustinians Monastery. The monastery complex was built on the site of abandoned houses in 1642–1666. The church has a Classical Baroque facade. At the beginning of the 19th century the monastery was abolished and the building was converted into a prison. Today, the local museum has its headquarters and depository there, and both the monastery and the church are inaccessible.[10]

The former Church of Saints Philip and James is located below the town walls and is the oldest sacral building in Tábor. Its existence was first mentioned in 1377. It was originally a cemetery chapel, rebuilt to a Baroque church after 1744. Today it serves cultural purposes.[10]

The Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary in Klokoty is a Baroque pilgrimage church. The church was built in 1700–1714 and in the following years, cloisters and chapels were added. It is one of the most valuable cultural monuments in the region. It still serves relegious purposes. The way to it is lined with Stations of the Cross.[10]

Other cultural sights[edit]

Měšice Castle is located in Měšice village. It was built in 1545 as a Renaissance fortress and redesigned into the Baroque style in 1699.[12]

Natural sights[edit]

In Klokoty, there is the Pod Klokoty Geological Exposition along the Lužnice.[13]

On the east edge of the town, there is a rock formation called Granátová skála ("Garnet Rock"). The rock is a deposit of red garnets that can be as large as hazelnuts and is protected as a natural monument. The majority of the rock was mined and used as construction material.

Tábor Zoo in Větrovy is the largest zoological garden in the South Bohemian Region. It was opened in 2015.

The botanical garden in Tábor was founded in 1866, which makes it the second oldest in the country. It belongs to the neighbouring Secondary Agricultural School. It contains more than 4,000 plants and 400 trees. The seeds from there are sent to more than 400 places in the world. Most of the garden is occupied by an arboretum. There is a small lake and a rock garden. The three glasshouses contains cacti, succulents, orchids, carnivorous plants and many other exotic plants.[14][15]

Parks[edit]

Pod Kotnovem is a park is placed next to Bechyňská gate and Kotnov tower. Originally, it was an old cemetery but in the 19th century, it was converted into a park. Some of the gravestones remained here until present.

Husův park started to form in 1871, after the train station was built. It was not reconstructed until 1991, along with some other buildings in the surroundings. The ceremonial opening of the newly reconstructed park was in 1997. At one part of this park, there stands a big monument to Jan Hus by Czech sculptor František Bílek, made in 1928.

U Popraviště is the biggest park in Tábor. The park is built around a former gallows, which was used during World War II.[3] There is a monument to 156 victims of repression by the German Nazi occupiers that was built in 1945–1950, which includes a bronze board with lions and bronze relief board with figures. The rest of the park rose at the end of 20th century. It contains sculptures, fountains, tree alleys, benches, flower patches and a playground.

Holečkovy sady is a park founded in the 1930s. It is a green ring around the historic core of Tábor named after a writer and translator Josef Holeček. It is located on a hill and it has many paths and stairs made from rocks, lined with large trees. Some smaller monuments are also there – a memorial to Josef Holeček, a white gazebo, cross and two small chapels.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Tábor is a part of the Commonwealth of towns with hussite past and tradition, along with other 11 Czech and 6 German municipalities.[16]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Tábor is twinned with:[17]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Starostka Tábora? No přece Julie Ransdorfová" (in Czech). E15. 21 August 2009. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "About city". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  4. ^ "The Lake Jordán". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "O městě" (in Czech). Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  6. ^ "205. schůzka: Založení Tábora" (in Czech). Czech Radio. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  7. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  8. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Tábor" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 21 December 2015. pp. 19–20.
  9. ^ "Who We Are". BRISK Tábor a.s. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Sightseeing". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Underground Tunnels". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  12. ^ "Baroque Château of Měšice". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  13. ^ "Pod Klokoty Geological Exhibition". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Botanická zahrada v Táboře – druhá nejstarší v ČR" (in Czech). Kudy z nudy. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Tábor Botanical Garden". Město Tábor. Retrieved 8 September 2021.
  16. ^ "Města" (in Czech). Společenství měst s husitskou minulostí a tradicí. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  17. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Tábor. Retrieved 27 June 2020.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]