Tachikawa Ki-54 was a Japanese twin-engine advanced trainer of World War II.
History [ edit ]
The Ki-54 was developed in response to an
Imperial Japanese Army requirement for a twin-engine advanced trainer, principally for crew training. The prototype first flew in summer 1940 and, on completing trials, entered production in 1941 as Army Type 1 Advanced Trainer Model A (Ki-54a). The Ki-54a was soon followed by the Ki-54b as Army Type 1 Operations Trainer Model B and Ki-54c as Army Type 1 Transport Model C. Named Hickory by the Allies, the Ki-54b and -c enjoyed successful careers until the end of the war.
Operators [ edit ]
People's Liberation Army Air Force Communist Chinese (captured): Four Ki-54s were used until their retirement in 1952, and in 1951, they were used to train the first class of female pilots of China.
Survivors [ edit ]
A Ki-54 fuselage is in storage at the
Australian War Museum Annex. It was previously part of a playground. [2 ] A Ki-54 was found at the bottom of
Lake Towada on 13 August 2010. It has now been recovered and will be restored for display. [3 ]
Variants [ edit ]
Ki-54a - unarmed pilot trainer
Ki-54b - armed crew trainer
Ki-54c - eight-passenger light transport, communications aircraft. Civil designation
Y-59. Ki-54d - maritime reconnaissance/
ASW, carried 8x 60-kg (132-lb) depth charges Ki-110 - one prototype Ki-54c of all-wood construction, destroyed in US bombing attack
Ki-111 - projected fuel tanker (none built)
Ki-114 - projected fuel tanker of all-wood construction (none built)
Specifications (Ki-54) [ edit ]
Data from The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II; [4 ] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War [5 ]
Length: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)
17.90 m (58 ft 8.75 in) Wingspan:
Height: 3.58 m (11 ft 9 in)
Wing area: 40 m² (430.57 ft²)
2,954 kg (6,512 lb) Empty weight:
Loaded weight: 3,897 kg (8,591 lb)
Useful load: 943 kg (2079 lb)
2 × Hitachi Ha-13a 9-cylinder Powerplant: radial engine, 380 kW (510 hp) each
4x 7.7-mm (0.303-in) machine guns, practice bombs
See also [ edit ]
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
References [ edit ]
Francillon, Ph.D., René J.
Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam Aeronautical, 1979. ISBN 0-370-30251-6. (new edition 1987. ISBN 0-85177-801-1.) Mondey, David.
The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. New York: Bounty Books, 1996. ISBN 1-85152-966-7.