Tai Yo language
|Region||Isan, Mekong floodplain, Vietnam|
|unknown (60,000 cited 1990 – 1995 census)|
tyj – Tai Do
tmp – Tai Mène
nyw – Tai Nyaw
Tai Yo (Vietnamese spelling: Tai Do) is a Tai language of Southeast Asia. It is closely related to Tai Pao of Vietnam, where it may have originated. It was once written in its own script, but that is no longer in use. The language is known regionally as Tai Do and Tai Quy Chau in Vietnam, and as Tai Mène and Tai Nyaw in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia.
The Mène people of Laos claim to be from Xieng Mène (also Xieng My) in Vietnam. These two names correspond to the following two towns in Nghệ An province, Vietnam, located near Quỳ Châu (Chamberlain 1998).
- Xiếng Líp: located at the Nam Lip and Nam Chou (Houay Cha Ha) confluence, near the Cha Ha and Nam Ngoen (Ngân) confluence (which converge to form the Nam Souang or Houay Nguyên).
- Bản Pốt: located further east on the Nam Ngân.
Tai Mène appears to be related to Tai Pao (paaw 4 < *baaw A), whose speakers claim to have originated from Tương Dương District, Nghệ An province, Vietnam (Chamberlain 1991). Tai Mène or related languages may have also been spoken in Thường Xuân District, Thanh Hóa, Vietnam by the Yo (Do) people (Robequain 1929).
Tai Mène is spoken in Borikhamxay Province, in many villages of Khamkeut District and several villages in Vieng Thong District (Chamberlain 1998). The Vietic languages Liha, Phong, Toum, Ayoy, Maleng, and Thaveung are spoken nearby.
- Lak Xao subdistrict: Ban Phon Hong, Ban Houay Keo
- Khamkeut subdistrict: Ban Phon Sa-at, Ban Phon Meuang Noy
- Na Heuang subdistrict: Lak 10, Lak 12, Na Khi
- Nam Sak subdistrict: Ban Phon Ngam, Ban Sop Khi
- Sop Chat subdistrict: Ban Sop Chat, Ban Sop Mong, Ban Phon Keo, Ban Sène Sy, Ban Tham Bing, Ban Phiang Pone
- Ka'ane subdistrict: Ban Thène Kwang, Ban Pha Poun, Ban Phiang Phô, Ban Sane, Ban Kok Feuang
- Phon Thoen subdistrict: Keng Kwang, Ban Kătô', Ban Kane Nha, Ban Keng Bit, Ban Sop Gnouang, Ban Vang Xao, Ban Tha Bak, Ban Kăpap
- Sop Pone subdistrict: Ban Sot, Ban Tha Sala, Ban Boung Kham
- Tha Veng subdistrict: Ban Phon Xay, Ban Kong Phat, Ban Xam Toey, Ban Na Khwan, Ban Phou Viang
- Tai Do at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Tai Mène at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Tai Nyaw at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tai Do". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tai Mene". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Nyaw". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
- Boonsner, Thepbangon. 1982. An Introduction to the Nɔɔ dialect.
- Chamberlain, James R. 1983. The Tai Dialects of Khammouan Province: Their Diversity and Origins. 16th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Language and Linguistics, 16–18 September (Seattle, Washington, 1983)
- Chamberlain, James R. 1991. "Mène: A Tai dialect originally spoken in Nghệ An (Nghệ Tinh), Vietnam -- preliminary linguistic observations and historical implications." Journal of the Siam Society 79(2):103-123.
- Chamberlain, James R. 1998. "The Origin of the Sek: Implications for Tai and Vietnamese History". Journal of the Siam Society 86.1 & 86.2: 27-48.
- Finot, Louis. 1917. Recherches sur la Littérature Laotienne. BEFEO 17.5.
- Robequain, Charles. 1929. Le Thanh Hod. EFEO, Paris et Bruxelles.