Talk:1740 Batavia massacre

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Featured article 1740 Batavia massacre is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so.
Main Page trophy This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on September 4, 2012.
          This article is of interest to the following WikiProjects:
WikiProject Death (Rated FA-class, Mid-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Death, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Death on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
Featured article FA  This article has been rated as FA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Mid  This article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Human rights (Rated FA-class, Low-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Human rights, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Human rights on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
Featured article FA  This article has been rated as FA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Low  This article has been rated as Low-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Indonesia (Rated FA-class, Mid-importance)
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject Indonesia, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of Indonesia and Indonesia-related topics on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
Featured article FA  This article has been rated as FA-Class on the project's quality scale.
 Mid  This article has been rated as Mid-importance on the project's importance scale.
WikiProject Military history (Rated FA-Class)
MILHIST This article is within the scope of the Military history WikiProject. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. To use this banner, please see the full instructions. Featured
Featured article FA This article has been rated as FA-Class on the quality assessment scale.
WikiProject Netherlands (Rated FA-class)
WikiProject icon This article falls within the scope of WikiProject Netherlands, an attempt to create, expand, and improve articles related to the Netherlands on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, visit the project page where you can join the project or contribute to the discussion.
Featured article FA  This article has been rated as FA-Class on the project's quality scale.
Note icon
A Netherlands Did you know article.

DYK nomination[edit]

GA Review[edit]

This review is transcluded from Talk:1740 Batavia massacre/GA1. The edit link for this section can be used to add comments to the review.

Reviewer: Albacore (talk · contribs) 23:20, 24 October 2011 (UTC)

Will review shortly. Albacore (talk) 23:20, 24 October 2011 (UTC)

Good article, great read, very interesting. Some comments:

  • The lead IMO goes into more detail than it should per WP:LEAD. Two paragraphs should concisely summarize the body.
  • Wealthy Chinese of good community standing were also extorted, threatened with deportation by unscrupulous Dutch officials. Something doesn't sound right there, "unscrupulous" is close to a peacock term. Would suggest a reword.
  • the Dutch sent 1,800 troops, as well as schutterij (militia) and eleven battalions of conscripts to stop the revolt. perhaps link "conscript"
  • the Chinese were not allowed to light candles either, for fear that they would conspire against the Dutch. I don't follow... how is lighting candles conspiring against the Dutch?
  • ; this was followed by a Dutch assault on Chinese settlements elsewhere in Jakarta, who burned as many houses as could be found and killed men, women and children. would prefer a more professional wording here, especially the "as many houses as could be found and killed men, women and children." part
  • Setiono, Benny G. (2008) requires a language parameter
  • Ultimately, only 3,000 Chinese around the city survived the extermination. again a more professional wording would be nice.
  • This led to the Dutch being able to monitor the Chinese more easily. Chunky. Perhaps This allowed the Dutch to more easily monitor the Chinese.
  • No accessdate on the Brit ref?
  • Thanks for the review. I'm a little busy at the moment, but I should be able to fix it in a couple hours. Crisco 1492 (talk) 00:49, 26 October 2011 (UTC)
  • Did some touch ups (visible here. Any feedback? Glad you liked the article. Crisco 1492 (talk) 02:45, 26 October 2011 (UTC)
Much more concise. Two comments on the lead:
  • It was followed by an "open season" on ethnic Chinese throughout Java, which led to a two-year war between a joint army of ethnic I don't follow what an "open season" is. Is this an idiom for something?
  • ... Valckenier called another meeting of the Council on 9 October; that same day as the meeting, other Batavian ethnic groups... Maybe "the same day" would flow better in place of "that same day as the meeting"
Will pass once these issues are resolved. Albacore (talk) 20:15, 26 October 2011 (UTC)
Will pass. For future reference idioms should not be used as it's against Wikipedia:IDIOM. Best, Albacore (talk) 23:17, 26 October 2011 (UTC)
  • Thanks for the input; I'll remember that. Crisco 1492 (talk) 23:49, 26 October 2011 (UTC)

Peer review[edit]

1740 Batavia massacre[edit]

This peer review discussion has been closed.
I've listed this article for peer review because I would like to bring it to FA if possible, and could really use some ideas. It should be noted that there would presumably be many sources in Dutch, especially from before the 20th century; I cannot read the language, nor do I have access to any of those sources, so I cannot use those.

Thanks, Crisco 1492 (talk) 23:49, 23 November 2011 (UTC)


Interesting read, fairly well-rounded. I have a few comments.

  • I would actually expect some reference to Dutch sources in an article like this, since it is likely to be poorly covered in English sources. It is good that you have an Indonesian source; presumably Dutch sources will reduce dependence on it that is currently manifest. The lack of Dutch sources may cause some problems at FAC (criterion 1c).
  • Shorten long multi-clause sentences (I'm guilty of this one too). See e.g. the first sentence of the second-to-last paragraph.
  • You should link Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies at some point.
  • Done.
  • You should parenthetically explain what "Zeylan" is, since not all English-readers will recognize it.
  • Done.
  • "a group of hundreds"? "hundreds" will suffice
  • Done.
  • "Although at first some members" of what? (the most recent relevant noun is "the Chinese", which is probably not what you mean. "members" -> "councilors"?)
  • Done, that's it.
  • none of the non-Chinese non-Dutch ethnic groups are ever identified by name. You should explain how many there are (at least approximately) and identify at least a few major groups. This might put a proper "face" on the currently-faceless "ethnic groups" acting in the second paragraph of "Incident". (Dutch or other sources might even identify who leaders of some of these groups are.)
  • It was in the Setiono source as well, at the time I didn't feel it pertinent. Added.
  • was Batavia's ethnic diversity otherwise balkanized (i.e. groups living in separate neighborhoods/enclaves)? What is known about the town's ethnic organization?
  • The Dutch towards the end of their regime followed a policy of separating different ethnic groups. Not sure what happened in the 1700s.
  • Who was the Dutch military leader? Or did Valckenier actually direct the Dutch military operations in the field?
  • It sounds like the Dutch had a plan of attack, based on the description of the incident (e.g. placement of troops at the canal to catch escapers). Do we know whose plan it was? How much detail is known on the Dutch troop movements before they opened fire?
  • If a reasonably good period map of Batavia exists, consider marking it up (or create a schematic map from it) to identify relevant landmarks. (I understand this may not be easy or possible; I have my own battles with maps of this time.)
  • Closest one we have is 1681... a 60-year-old map won't help much, methinks.
  • At worst, the image can be removed.

-- Magic♪piano 19:17, 29 November 2011 (UTC)

  • Thanks, I'll try and work with a Dutch-speaking user to find the missing data. Crisco 1492 (talk) 12:12, 1 December 2011 (UTC)

Possible sources for expansion[edit]

Is by WW Dharmowijono (2009) just like

Dutch sources[edit]

  • De Chinezenmoord van 1740. . Th. Vermeiden, De Chineezen te Batavia en de troebelen van 1740. Leidse diss. Drukkerij Eduard IJdo, Leiden 1938. [1]
  • Stukken betreffende de Chinezen-moord te Batavia in 1740 en het arrest van de raden Van Imhoff, De Haze en Van Schinne. (In the National Archives.)
  • J. K. J. de Jonge, De opkomst van het Nederlandsch gezag in Oost-Indië: verzameling van onuitgegeven stukken uit het oud-koloniaal archief, verschenen in dertien delen tussen 1862 en 1888.
  • Het vervloekt en schelms verraadt' : beeldvorming en schuld in de berichtgeving over de Chinezenmoord van 1740 in Batavia / Suze Zijlstra [2]
  • The History of Java by T.S. Raffles

Taksen (talk) 18:43, 1 December 2011 (UTC)

  • I think I can get The History of Java here. I'll see how well Google translate works for the other sources. Thanks! Crisco 1492 (talk) 00:34, 2 December 2011 (UTC)
  • I've included information from the first source and The History of Java. Don't have any idea how to access any of the others (I assume you'd have to show up in person, in which case I'm out of luck). Crisco 1492 (talk) 16:06, 3 December 2011 (UTC)


  • Chinezenmoord really means "murder of Chinese".
  • "Because of unrest in the Chinese population": a quick note (half a sentence, no more) on the reason for that unrest would be helpful ("because of years of racial repression"; "after suffering through another government-inflicted typhoid epidemic"; "caused by a year-long shortage of oliebollen")
  • Count how many sentences and clauses start with "this"
  • "one of the most important events in 18th century [Dutch] colonialism"...hmm, yes, but markant means characteristic, even odd, more than important. The function of markant is to mark (there's the etymology) something as noteworthy. Maybe "prominent" is a good translation; my Prisma dictionary has "striking, outstanding"--I would go with "striking". Drmies (talk) 15:07, 2 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Fixed all. Thanks for looking into this. If I have the money, I'll buy History of Java later. Crisco 1492 (talk) 00:33, 3 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Hey, note 15, the Van Hoevell quote, that should really read "qtd. in". Of course, that may not be easy with your citation format, and there are two notes 15, so to speak; they'd have to be split. All this would be solved if you had a copy of Batavia in 1740... You know, if I were still home, I'd get on my bike: I used to live around the corner of the Tropenmuseum. Drmies (talk) 01:21, 4 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Luckily you've found an online copy. I've hidden the so-far-uncited bit about the neighbours. Crisco 1492 (talk) 04:40, 4 December 2011 (UTC)


I just went through the article and did some copyediting. Don't hesitate to revert me if you aren't happy about any of the changes (particularly with the commas). I think this is a great article, well researched and well written. (I haven't looked at the references). My only comments are: Note that I added the phrase "late 20th-century" to the article, I checked online and that is sometimes hyphenated differently (or not at all). Be careful about consistency with commas, like if you're writing "In 1740 they died" vs "In 1740, they died". Also, maybe add a brief summary (using bullets maybe) to the result field of the infobox? Mark Arsten (talk) 20:48, 19 December 2011 (UTC)

  • Hmm... I've touched up a bit. Adding information to the infobox sounds okay too. Crisco 1492 (talk) 04:58, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
    • I just noticed, as of this revision Ref #14 seems to have the year for the page range (and no year). Mark Arsten (talk) 20:34, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
    • Also, van Hoëvell vs Van Hoëvell isn't consistent throughout the page. It should be lowercase, right? Mark Arsten (talk) 20:36, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
    • As of the same revision I just posted at 20:34, ref #41 seems to have the wrong range too. Mark Arsten (talk) 20:38, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
    • Right now the article has a mix of British and American spelling, which one should it be standardized to? Mark Arsten (talk) 21:02, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Ref 41 fixed. I don't see any Van Hoevells, although I did fix a Van Imhoff. It should preferably be British English since that is the sort mostly taught in schools in Indonesia... although its common to mix the two here as well. Crisco 1492 (talk) 22:54, 20 December 2011 (UTC)
  • I think I took care of the van Hoevells earlier, so it looks like things are in great shape. I just tried running a script to change the spellings, hope I got everything. Mark Arsten (talk) 00:23, 21 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Looks like it. Diction may be an issue, but I'm not British so I could probably read the article twenty times and not notice anything. Crisco 1492 (talk) 00:42, 21 December 2011 (UTC)
  • Vermeulen is mentioned several times, but seems only to be cited indirectly. Probably not a problem in itself, I'm curious to know... Also, do we know his full name? --Ohconfucius ¡digame! 01:53, 22 December 2011 (UTC)
  • We've added his full name, and I think the addition of the footnote explaining that we are quoting him as reported in another source (good idea, btw) works. Crisco 1492 (talk) 04:45, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Comments from me[edit]

  • Hello Crisco, I improved quite an important year, and added a few details on his trial, but there are a few more details which should be mentioneld here.
  • On October 10th Valckenier and Van Imhoff and their factions disagreed on what to do. Valckenier proposed to kill all the Chinese, Van Imhoff only those Chinese that had weapons. Later on Van Imhoff tried to blame Valckenier for everything that happened.
  • Last, your Johannes Theodorus Vermeulen is my Vermeiden, Th. (1938) Then I did not check on his name. Taksen (talk) 09:57, 22 December 2011 (UTC)
  • THanks a lot. As I have noted elsewhere, I do not read Dutch (most of the Dutch sources I used were tedious "type-translate-repeats" with GTranslate. The information on Valckenier and Van Imhoff may be in Van Hoevell around page 460; if it is possible could you verify it and add it? My connection has been acting up recently. Crisco 1492 (talk) 04:43, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Hello Chrisco, I am Dutch and live in Amsterdam. Vermeulen is here in the library. I have to find out about Van Hoevell. I did not interfere in your work untill now, because I did not study this subject, and was busy somewhere else. Comparing the Dutch and English lemma, I found some irregularities, which need to be solved. It seems so me the book by J.Th. Vermeulen and the bad relation between the two cousins Valckenier and Van Imhoff is essential. Taksen (talk) 05:22, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Please keep patience, or I will not help you anymore. My account of the aftermath is closer to the truth than yours. I have ordered these books from the library! There IS a lot unclear, and you dont MIND?Taksen (talk) 07:26, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

  • Whole books can probably be written this topic, and it seems indeed some books already have been. It's a very small article for now, and I hope that this will change. Please don't think that you're interfering. I'm sure I speak for everyone here that we all want an article we can be proud of, so it would be wonderful if you could help, particularly in clarifying any inaccuracies and with 'new' information from Dutch texts. --Ohconfucius ¡digame! 08:09, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Helloh confucius, thank you for your support. I just found out Van Imhoff founded the Amphioen Society in 1745. (Amphioen = opium) And who were the opium smokers or eaters? Right the Chinese. I would be very surprised if there was no connection. In 1712, Engelbert Kaempfer described the situation as follows: "No commodity throughout the Indies is retailed with greater profit by the Batavians than opium, which [its] users cannot do without, nor can they come by it except it be brought by the ships of the Batavians from Bengal and Coromandel."

  • I agree with OhC; we are happy that you are helping. If possible though, could you ensure that you include references as you add information, for verifiability? If you abandon it partway through and no references have been added, then the verifiability of the article will be called into question. Crisco 1492 (talk) 12:51, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Hello Crisco, also Rome and Naples were not built in one day, so again, be patient. I have never been accused of not adding enough references. I need to get into the subject, and get these books from the University Library. Unfortunenately, I don't expect if I can work through all of them before X-mas.Taksen (talk) 15:16, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

  • That's fine, no problem. BTW, I removed the information cited to because I'm not convinced the site is a reliable source. Enjoy your holidays, and thanks for looking into this. Crisco 1492 (talk) 15:44, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

In my experience the VOC-site is very reliable. Did you ever see a website where they mention the name of the captains, the day a ship took off, arrived and made a stop in Capetown? I think you are underestimating this site. Taksen (talk) 15:52, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

  • Perhaps, but I'd like to err on the side of caution with this. Does the biography collection entry on van Imhoff have anything supporting that? Crisco 1492 (talk) 15:55, 23 December 2011 (UTC)

Some clarification needed[edit]

Late in 1740 Valckenier asked to be replaced. In February 1741 he was instructed to appoint Van Imhoff; meantime, on 6 December 1740, van Imhoff's faction had led a vote of no confidence on him at the the Council of the East Indies. On 13 January 1741 van Imhoff and two fellow councilors were arrested by command of Valckenier for insubordination and sent to the Netherlands

The above seems a little unclear in the timeline of events, particularly the instruction to appoint van Imhoff. Of course, communications the time ftame in those days was weeks/months instead of hours, but the above picture is rather confused. --Ohconfucius ¡digame! 04:04, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

  • I've made an attempt to clarify. Crisco 1492 (talk) 07:45, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

Hellohconfucius, Late in 1740 should be Early in 1740, according to Dutch sources. I will look for a source. I don't know what happened at the 6th of December, I did not put it there. It could be wrong and perhaps on that date Van Imhoff fell out of grace. Then the story will become clearer.Taksen (talk) 08:21, 29 December 2011 (UTC)Taksen (talk) 08:24, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

  • Setiono gives 6 December as the date a vote of no confidence took place. The rest of the dates I added this morning are from Blok. Crisco 1492 (talk) 08:30, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

Setiono could be wrong. On the Dutch website on Valckenier the following can be read and makes more sense:

Op 6 december 1740 verscheen Valckenier, hersteld van een ziekte (waarvan de Raad gebruik had gemaakt om zich meer en meer gezag aan te matigen) op de vergadering, gevolgd door een detachement soldaten, dat zich in een kring om de Hoge Regering opstelde. Een hooglopende ruzie deed Valckenier besluiten drie leden van de Raad, Van Imhoff, Isaac van Schinne en Elias Haese, te arresteren en door de gewapende macht te doen wegvoeren.

On December 6, 1740 Valckenier, recovered from a disease, (his absence was used by the Council to get more authority) followed by a detachment of soldiers, which circled around the High Government's table. A heated argument took Valckenier to decide to arrest three members of the Council, Van Imhoff, Isaac van Schinne and Elias Haese, and were carried away by the armed forces.Taksen (talk) 08:39, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

  • Which website is this? It's clear that something happened between van Imhoff and Valckenier on this date. Crisco 1492 (talk) 09:01, 29 December 2011 (UTC)

My findings[edit]

  • On your question above [3] which was "composed" by me long time ago.
  • In 1739 too much sugar and not enough coffee was sent to the Netherlands [4]
  • A very good account in German [5]
  • Van Imhoff and the other two were arrested on 6 December 1740 [6][7]
  • Take a look at the engraving here [8]
  • Looks like an accurate account, but again be careful, each auther has his own view on the chronology.[9]
  • The three gentlemen were sent to the Netherlands, each on a different ship [10]. According to this VOC-website Valckenier asked permission to leave already in 1738. But be careful, just like Wikipedia not every sentence is trustworthy.
  • Mr. Valckenier was detained in Capetown until the 12th of August [1742], when he was placed on board the outward bound ship Sara ??? [11] He arrived in November 1742.[12] This looks like the best account in my point of view!
  • Valckenier's case was settled in 1755.[13] In 1760 his son Adriaan Isaac inhereted 725.000 guilders. You can multiply this easily with 20 to get an idea how much money he received. In 1768 he was locked up in his mansion for the rest of his life, after he had tried to kill his wife and himself.
  • I don't know if the inheritance is pertinent to this article, although for his article I'm sure it will be good.
  • Van Imhoff and Valckenier were third-cousins, their great-grandmothers were sisters (J.T. Vermeulen, p. 50). Van Imhoff was a nephew of Balthasar Boreel, a Bewindhebber (manager} of the VOC, during those days.
  • Removed.
  • You might like this. It is in English [14]
  • I do like it, very much. I liked it so much I wrote an article using it and a couple other sources. BTW, do you know of any depictions of the war?
  • If I find more I will add it here, but I have a headache. I will be a bit slow.Taksen (talk) 09:24, 29 December 2011 (UTC)Taksen (talk) 18:52, 1 January 2012 (UTC)
  • K, no problem. Take your time. Crisco 1492 (talk) 09:31, 29 December 2011 (UTC)


  • "Production rose steadily after this, but took until the 1760s to reach pre-1740 levels, after which it again diminished. The number of mills also declined. In 1710 there had been 131, but by 1750 the number had fallen to 66." Why did production diminish after the1760s, and also the number of mills? MathewTownsend (talk) 04:15, 17 April 2012 (UTC)
  • According to Bullbeck et al., there was increased competition from West India. I don't think it's particularly key to the subject though. Crisco 1492 (talk) 04:58, 17 April 2012 (UTC)

Increased exports/decreased prices?[edit]

"Because of the decline of worldwide sugar prices that began in the 1720s caused by an increase in exports to Europe, the sugar industry in the East Indies had suffered considerably."

Why would increasing exports to Europe cause prices to decline? Higher demand usually creates higher prices. But is something missing here? Were exports to Europe now coming from the West Indies, instead of the East Indies? If so, that should be made clear because it leaves alot of questions now. Alanscottwalker (talk) 02:53, 4 September 2012 (UTC)

  • Supply and demand, mostly. More exports = less of an asking price. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 03:01, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
  • See also The Life of Governor Joan Gideon Loten and Dutch Primacy in World Trade — Crisco 1492 (talk) 03:10, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
    • Supply and demand would initially suggest the prices would go up as the initial comment suggested, normally more exports = more demand = higher asking price. I couldn't see the first link you provide, but the second one suggests a further step - increase in demand in Europe caused an increase in the amount of sugar mills to supply enough for that demand, and then presumably the competition from all those extra mills could then push the price back down (or maybe even lower than before), especially with the time lag of transport at that time on global trade meaning it would be easy to overbuild and cause an oversupply. -- (talk) 10:40, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
      • There's also increased competition from other countries/colonies, including the West Indies. This has been indicated in the article. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 10:59, 4 September 2012 (UTC)


Who has called this event a pogrom? A pogrom is defined very differently in the article about pogroms - this seems to me to be another way of inflating terminology for antisemitic acts by extending them to all kinds of events. Please back up with sources for "pogrom" or remove - also from mainpage.·ʍaunus·snunɐw· 17:54, 4 September 2012 (UTC)

Returned from my vacation to come here and say the same thing. How could this even get past FA or even on the main page with errors like this? Makes me question the accuracy of the entire article. Does anyone actually fact check these things? Viriditas (talk) 18:45, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
It looks like the primary contributor is citing the doctoral thesis of W. W. Dharmowijono who uses the word informally twice.[15] See pages 302-303:

Waarschijnlijk komt dat omdat de regering in overeenstemming met de publieke mening de pogrom gerechtvaardigd vond, zodat het niet nodig gevonden werd daar iets tegen te doen...In het algemeen kan gezegd worden dat verschillende omstandigheden samen een toestand creëerden die leidden naar de pogrom in Batavia.

From Google translate:

Probably because the government in accordance with the public opinion the pogrom was justified, so it was not seen as something to do ... In general it can be said that different circumstances together created a situation that led to the pogrom in Batavia.

So, it appears he's referring to the massacre informally as a pogrom, and doesn't mention it further for 325 pages. We generally do not cite a doctoral thesis as the sole authoritative source for a subject and use that as the basis of an encyclopedia article, especially when the term is used in passing. Viriditas (talk) 19:00, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
Update: I've removed all references to a "pogrom" from the article. Viriditas (talk) 19:05, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
  • Setiono (2009) also used the term, and the early versions did as well. That being said, this is what the article on pogroms looked like at the time of promotion, giving the definition "a mob attack directed against a minority group," which matches perfectly. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 23:53, 4 September 2012 (UTC)
  • Do the sources in the pogrom article at that time support such a general use of the term? Do any sources outside this topic support it? Viriditas (talk) 01:46, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • (ec) I haven't worked on the pogrom article, so I would not know. gives a more general definition, as does Oxford. Both note that it is generally used for massacres of Jews, but not exclusively. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 01:57, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • Can you point to any major published works where the term is used throughout the source (not in passing) to refer to non-Jews? Viriditas (talk) 02:00, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
Elsewhere: Pogrom in Gujarat: Hindu Nationalism and Anti-Muslim Violence in India (Muslims), Nigerian Crisis 1966: Nigeria Pogrom, the organized massacre of Eastern Nigerians (Eastern Nigerians), The Gujarat pogrom: compilation of various reports (Muslims). Encyclopedia of Rape gives a general definition as well, noting the original meaning was the massacre of Jews in Russia.
Google Scholar: "Anti-Muslim Pogrom in Surat" (Muslims), "Iran's secret pogrom: The conspiracy to wipe out the Baha'is" — Crisco 1492 (talk) 02:12, 5 September 2012 (UTC)

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── Although I don't agree that the word pogrom should not be used, I have no objections to not using it. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 02:15, 5 September 2012 (UTC)

I did not know the word was used in that way. Those sources are very good, and I would have no objection to the word being used in this article if it can be shown to have a currency wider than Dharmowijono and Setiono using it in passing. In other words, if according to the sources, this massacre is commonly referred to as a pogrom, please add it back. Viriditas (talk) 03:04, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • As numerous sources use "pogrom" to refer to this massacre, I will reinsert it. Admittedly most of the ones I've found online are passing mentions (not only of the word pogrom, but the massacre itself). I.e.
The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia
Maritime China in Transition
Inhuman Conditions: On Cosmopolitanism and Human Rights
Merchant in Asia
Sexual Diversity in Asia
  • Thanks. At least one of us learned something today. Viriditas (talk) 03:24, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • You're welcome. I've avoided linking to the article on pogroms as its current scope is only regarding Jews, which would only confuse the matter if used here. I may link to Wiktionary. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 03:30, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • Found a better target. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 03:35, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
Sources are good. ·ʍaunus·snunɐw· 13:07, 5 September 2012 (UTC)
  • Pogrom is a Russian word and it is ok to use it for riots against non-Jews. Regards.--Kürbis () 09:25, 15 September 2012 (UTC)


Ok, so now Im totally confused over where the articles used are published in. I mean especially the two articles by A. R. T. Kemasang. In the article there stands that the 1981 article was published in the Journal of Southeast Asian Studies but the ISSN is for the Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, volume 19. Furhtermore, the 1982 article is said to be released in the same bulletin, this time with the correct ISSN but the volume would be 14 which means volume 19 for 1981 has to be incorrect. But it also cant be volume 19 of the Journal because year 1981 was volume 12. Can I have some clarification from the main author because of this? I ask because I planned to translate the article into German but with such errors in it I dont want to start. --Bomzibar (talk) 09:10, 29 August 2013 (UTC)

  • Thanks for the heads up, Bomzibar. If you look online, you get this (the 1981 article), which is Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. I have fixed the ISSN and publisher in this article. Best I can tell, when I was writing I copied the citation for the 1982 reference and missed changing the ISSN and publisher. My apologies, and sorry the source review at FAC missed that! — Crisco 1492 (talk) 09:22, 29 August 2013 (UTC)
Alright, thank you for the quick response and excuse my little aggressive tone. I come back to you if I discover any other ambiguities. Best regards --Bomzibar (talk) 09:28, 29 August 2013 (UTC)
  • No worries, and a big thank you for your efforts at translating! — Crisco 1492 (talk) 09:32, 29 August 2013 (UTC)
I was still worrying because of the volume number and I think I got the mistake. The article was NOT published in the Journal of Southeast Asian Studies (after all it wasnt in the Cambridge Online Database too) but in the journal Southeast Asian Studies (OCLC-Link) whose 1981 volume was the number 19. --Bomzibar (talk) 09:51, 29 August 2013 (UTC)
  • Facepalm3.svg Facepalm Thanks for getting that. I was unaware that there were two journals with very similar names. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 09:58, 29 August 2013 (UTC)