Talk:Freak show

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"Late 1930's - The social view of those with physical or mental anomalies switches from fabulous freaks and curiosities to diseased people with disorders was complete." citation?? This is a bold statement, waaaay too broad. Turly-burly 13:00, 11 May 2006 (UTC)

999eyes is a new traveling show. The entry about their show has not been entered by a member of the show or anyone working for them. If anyone thinks the entry is bad, feel free to change it. But the fact remains this is a new show that should be described here. Their shows have been reported in local press or on local television stations. User:bubbatuba 21 march 2007

Section "rescue" attempt[edit]

The "Historical timeline" section below is temporarily placed here because most of it was deleted from the article due to lack of sources. Most of it however should be fairly easy to source properly. Please leave it here until adequate cites have been found. I'll try to work on it over the weekend. Please feel free to also work on finding cites. Roger (talk) 16:36, 5 August 2010 (UTC)

Historical timeline[edit]

The exhibition of human oddities has a long history:

1630s
Lazarus Colloredo, and his parasitic twin brother, John Baptista, who was attached at Lazarus' sternum, tour Europe.[1]
1704–1718
Peter the Great collected human oddities at the Kunstkammer in what is now St. Petersburg, Russia.[2]
1738
The exhibition of a creature who "was taken in a wook at Guinea; 'tis a female about four feet high in every part like a woman excepting her head which nearly resembles the ape."[3]
Late 18th century
The science of teratology changed the belief that freaks were evil omens and/or the work of Satan or witches. Instead, people believed the theory that freaks were part of God's great order of creatures.[citation needed]
1810–1815
Saartjie Baartman (aka "Hottentot Venus") exhibited in England and France..[4]
1829
Chang and Eng, "the original Siamese twins", were exhibited in America. [citation needed]
1839
J.G. Milligan writes "curiosities of medical experiments" in which freaks are described.[citation needed]
1844
P. T. Barnum arrives in London to exhibit Tom Thumb, the famous midget.[citation needed]
1860
Hiram and Barney Davis are presented as Wild Men of Borneo. The guidebook for Barnum American museum list 13 human curiosities. Zip the Pinhead begins his six-decade career with Barnum.[citation needed]
1870–1890
Dime museums are at the height of their popularity, with the freakshow as the main attraction. [citation needed]
1876
Wild men of Borneo, wild Australian children, man-eating fiji mermaids, and the 602 lb (273 kg) woman are exhibited at the first World's Fair in Philadelphia.[citation needed]
1880
First freakshow at Coney Island.[citation needed]
1881
The Conjoined Tocci Twins are exhibited in Vienna, billed as "The Greatest Wonder of Nature."
1883
Coney Island debuts Henrietta "Nose Javelin" Whitfield. "Many believe her to be the ugliest beast freak that ever lived. Her hag head and witchcraft led to her execution in 1897."
1884
Joseph Merrick, exhibited as "The Elephant Man" by Tom Norman in London's East End.[5]
1884
Freak recruiting becomes a career and full time occupation.[citation needed]
1889
British medical journal describes Myrtle Corbin, the "four-legged girl," and verifies that both sets of reproductive organs are workable and capable of birthing children.[citation needed]
1890
The Jones twins, Siamese twins joined at buttocks and sharing a rectum die on a carnival tour at fifteen months old.[citation needed]
1893
At the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago a woman with a parasitic twin (resulting from her father's (?) abuse of alcohol) was shown in a stage show. [citation needed]
Late 19th century
The theory that freaks are biological throwbacks to earlier races of humans and apes is introduced. The theory of maternal impression attributes traumatic or significant events experienced by the pregnant woman as an explanation for deformities.[citation needed]
1904
Silbey devises the "Ten-In-One" show and creates jobs for talkers.[citation needed]
1908
An article in Scientific American introduces concept of freak exhibitions being inhumane and barbaric.[citation needed]
1915
San Francisco exposition includes a midget village and dime museum freakshow.[citation needed]
1922
"Professor" Sam Wagner starts the World's Circus freak show at Coney Island. The general public can read articles in popular press explaining the diseases behind oddities.[citation needed]
1925
Freaks can be seen performing on the vaudeville stage.[citation needed]
1932
Tod Browning's Pre-Code-era film Freaks tells the story of a traveling freakshow. The use of real freaks in the film provoked public outcries, and the film was relegated to obscurity until its re-release at the 1962 Cannes Film Festival.[6]
1933
Chicago Expo features a pit show with a "live two-headed baby" in a jar of formaldehyde.[citation needed]
1940
The three-legged man, Frank Lentini, opens a freakshow.[citation needed]
1950
The historical sideshow waned in popularity, as the public demanded that freaks be given "dignity" and not exhibited. At this time many went into institutions or on the welfare system.[citation needed]
1952
The "Human Torso" is still on exhibit.[citation needed]
1960
Albert-Alberta Karas[7] (two siblings, each half man, half woman) exhibits with Bobby Reynolds on sideshow tour.
1972
At North Fair, Sealo and the dwarf Pete Terhune confront charges against them for exhibiting themselves. The charges equated freakshows with pornography.[citation needed]
1980s
Bobby Reynolds is arrested for exhibiting pickled punks.[citation needed]
1983
Coney Island USA, founded by Dick D. Zigun, opens Sideshows by the Seashore, starting a sideshow revival in Coney Island. [citation needed]
1984
Freak show performer Otis Jordan (the frog boy) is barred from exhibiting himself at the New York State Fair on the basis that the exhibition of human oddities is exploitative. Barbara Baskin, a "disability rights activist," led this fight and Otis was out of a job for two years before he beat the case and could perform again. [citation needed]
1992
Grady Stiles (the lobster boy) is shot in his home in Gibsonton, Florida.[8]
1996
Chicago shock-jock Mancow Muller presented Mancow's Freak Show at the United Center in the Summer of 1996, to crowd of 30,000. The show included Kathy Stiles and her brother Grady III as the Lobster Twins. {Mancow Muller (with John Calkins) Dad, Dames, Demons & a Dwarf Regan Books 2004 pp. 121, 137-147}
1998
The Brazilian TV show "Ratinho Livre", whose main performer was Carlos "Ratinho" Massa, became a kind of freak show, exhibiting mainly children with serious physical anomalies, such as hundreds of facial tumors (Eleandro, the Elephant Boy), tails, amputations, etc. In 2000, the Brazilian justice system prohibited such appearances on TV shows.[citation needed]
2000–2008
Ken Harck's Brothers Grim Sideshow debuted at the Great Circus Parade in Milwaukee, WI. The Milwaukee run included a fat lady and bearded lady Melinda Maxi, as well as self made freaks The Enigma and Katzen. In later years the show has included Half-boy Jesse Stitcher and Jesus "Chuy" Aceves the Mexican Werewolf Boy. Bros. Grim toured with the Ozz Fest music festival in 2006 and 2007.[9]
2005
"999 Eyes Freakshow" founded, touting itself as the "last genuine traveling freakshow in the United States." 999 Eyes portrays freaks in a very positive light, insisting that "what is different is beautiful." Freaks include Black Scorpion.[10]
2005
"The King of the Sideshow" Ward Hall continues exhibiting fairground shows after over 60 years in the business.
Lobster Boy known as the Black Scorpion.
2007
Wayne Schoenfeld bring together several sideshow performers to "The L.A. Circus Congress of Freaks and Exotics," to photograph sideshows folks for "Cirque Du Soleil - Circus of the Past." In attendance were: Bill Quinn, the halfman; Percilla, the fat lady; Mighty Mike Murga the Mighty Dwarf; Dieguito El Negrito, a wildman; fireeaters; sword swallowers, and more.[11][12]
2008
Black Scorpion joins the cast of Coney Island's Sideshows by the Seashore.

P.T. Barnum[edit]

No mention of P.T. Barnum in this article?? It's the most recognized name! —Preceding unsigned comment added by 24.246.15.228 (talk) 22:17, 26 March 2011 (UTC)

If you have reliably sourced material about freak show aspects of Barnum's circus please add it. Roger (talk) 06:05, 27 March 2011 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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Gabriella.ceja (talk) 21:34, 11 September 2016 (UTC)I think that this article could focus more the disability side of the freak shows and why they took part in freak shows

i am student and i was assigned this article to fix and put more information about it. I will rearrange this article and put some new information in it. feed back is welcome thank you. Gabriella.ceja (talk) 00:24, 30 November 2016 (UTC)

  1. ^ Armand Marie LeRoi, Mutants, Penguin Books, pp. 53.
  2. ^ The History of Kunstkammer
  3. ^ Bogdan, R. (1988). Freak Show. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 25.
  4. ^ "'Hottentot Venus' goes home". BBC. 29 April 2002. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  5. ^ Howell, Michael; Ford, Peter (1992). The True History of the Elephant Man (3rd ed.). p. 74. London: Penguin Books
  6. ^ Missing Link reviews Tod Browning's Freaks (1932)
  7. ^ Albert-Alberta Karas, photographer unknown, Syracuse University Digital Library, retrieved May 6, 2006.
  8. ^ Grady Stiles, Jr. on IMDb
  9. ^ Chicago Reader: Wanna See Something Really Weird?
  10. ^ "999 EYES BIO". 999eyes.com. Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  11. ^ Wayne Schoenfeld
  12. ^ credits