Talk:Italian language/Archive 2

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H changes pronunciation

I wrote how H changes pronunciation in word "ho" (I have) which is pretty different from "o" (or). —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 12:55, 11 September 2008 (UTC)

Online Italian Help

I have a pretty useful resource I'd like to add to the external links. It's called Online Italian Help. It's much more than an Italian-English Dictionary because it has flash cards, games, lots of audio, and things like that. I'd appreciate it if someone would second this proposal and add it to the external links. Thanks! --Adjwilli (talk) 17:52, 8 November 2008 (UTC)

Speakers in the UK

Ethnologue says there are 200,000 mother tongue speakers of Italian in the UK. This is not true, as according to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs there are only 175,796 Italian nationals resident in the UK (, many of which do not speak Italian as they are 3rd or 4th generation Italians, or because they are South Americans who have claimed Italian citizenship through ancestry and have little or no knowledge of the language. The number of mother tongue speakers is therefore considerably less. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 12:51, 21 November 2008 (UTC)


Can anyone please check the new article Cicolano-Reatino-Aquilano? It is not referenced. Thanks in advance. --Amir E. Aharoni (talk) 17:02, 9 December 2008 (UTC)


I think that "Buon pomeriggio" is not an unusual greeting. Can I correct it? --Mendelssohn (talk) 15:43, 12 December 2008 (UTC)

I'm Italian and I use it. It's quite common (you can hear it in afternoon televison programs everyday). -- (talk) 13:21, 14 December 2008 (UTC)

110-120 million total, source

The provided source,, prompts me for a username and password when I try to download it. Is there a way to get round this, or another source for this information? --Baryonic Being (talk) 10:58, 6 January 2009 (UTC)

That figure is obviously grossly inflated. Where do the extra 60 million speakers come from? (MJDTed (talk) 10:08, 9 January 2009 (UTC))
The source appears to be the Italian embassy to Finland. That's certainly an official source, but can hardly be considered authoritative on these matters, at least not when no one can access it. As this site appears to be nothing but a rehash of this article, it appears that there are currently no reliable sources to support the 120 million figure for second language speakers. Even if you add all the estimates for immigrant communities in the Americas and the 3% of the European population, you get nowhere near 120 million.
This has been challenged long enough to consider the statement dubious. I'm removing until someone produces a credible citation.
Peter Isotalo 23:28, 15 December 2010 (UTC)


My dear britishes, I am italian. In a point of the text, there is something about our vowels. Someone has written the word "China". What does it mean? Maybe the State whit Beijing or Pechino. In that case, we Italian write it simply as "Cina" not reading it as ciai-na (my phonetics is horrible). Goodbye. --Domyinik (talk) 19:53, 6 March 2009 (UTC)

China in Italian is a type of ink, and in fact the pronunciation given for that word is ['kina], not ['tʃaɪnə]. The country has nothing to do with that, there is no mistake. Lupo Azzurro (talk) 21:39, 14 March 2009 (UTC)
...or a slope (china as a noun), or a female who is bent (china as feminine form of the adjective chino). Goochelaar (talk) 23:51, 14 March 2009 (UTC)

Italian co-official in Alpes-Maritimes?

If yes, is there a source?--Pascar (talk) 22:53, 30 April 2009 (UTC)

No, it's not. I removed the claim, no idea who came up with that idea but that person cannot know much about the department of Alpes-Maritimes.JdeJ (talk) 11:39, 2 May 2009 (UTC)

milanese italian and roman italian

i edited the links to milanese italian leading to milanese which deals with the article about a dialect of the lombard language (spoken in milan and its province) and to roman italian leading to romanesco, a dialect of the italian language spoken in rome. milanese italian is the italian language whose lexicon is influenced in some cases and in some idioms by the local variety of the lombard language, spoken with a milan typical accent. roman italian is not romanesco (a dialect of italian), but the italian languaged (strongly) influenced by romanesco. -- (talk) 12:47, 23 May 2009 (UTC)

Pronunciation of the word "casa"

I know that under some technical discussion, one may be able to designate the "official" pronunciation of "casa" as [kasa] but I could swear on my mother that anyone speaking "standard italian" will say [kaza]. This from old films, current television, almost anything except dialectical speakers or those with regional accents.

I grew up back-and-forth between America and Italy and about everyone I know says [kaza]. This is driving me crazy! Haha. I don't see how the "standard" pronunciation could be otherwise.

Where in the article does it say anything about that at all? Anyway, most dictionaries you will find will give both pronunciations as acceptable. The pronunciation with a voiceless "s" is common in Tuscany, where so-called standard Italian originated from in the first place. LjL (talk) 14:23, 24 June 2009 (UTC)
Thanks for this, it's been driving me crazy, too. Kathleen Speight's Teach Yourself Italian says explicitly (p.213. EUP edition) that "casa" is an exception to the normal "z" sound (along with cosa, cosí, mese, risa, Pisa and inglese); but now I'm in a college course, and the teacher says "caza". Paul Magnussen (talk) 15:51, 25 June 2009 (UTC)
I believe it's far from the only "exception" of this kind, although there isn't a huge number; still, most of them are pretty regional, I definitely pronounce "kaza", "kozì", "meze", "riza", "Piza" and "ingleze", although for instance i say "prèside" and not "prèzide" like I hear other people from my city say, so there is some free variation in some words, I guess. I'd say the pronunciations with "z" are overall more common than those with "s", although that's just my impression of course. --LjL (talk) 16:26, 30 July 2009 (UTC)
the presence of a phoneme that ends in a vowel is the exception (the pre- in preside) for the "z" sound made by the letter "s." I've heard variation in speaking but while I have heard other Italians say that Casa said with a hissing "s" is wrong I've never heard one say that the "z" sound is wrong. That's just my input.Charles F Ross (talk) 19:41, 6 October 2009 (UTC)

Standard Italian, adopted by the state after the unification of Italy,

This sentence is false. Italian was official in Kingdom of Sardinia (the state who anexed the others) since XVI century. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 15:55, 30 July 2009 (UTC)


It is perhaps irrelevant to the point illustrated in the article, but the word Istanbul is pronounced with the stress on the penultimate syllable in Turkish, due to a stress shift regularly observed in toponyms: the stress doesn't fall on the last syllable as suggested in the text. (talk) 12:31, 14 September 2009 (UTC)

Agreed, the explanation in the article is malapropos: practically all Turkish toponyms have a recessive accent, and Istanbul is accentuated on the penultimate syllable by native speakers. The accent shift in Italian is perhaps best explained by want of a final vowel in the toponym or may have arisen due to contamination from English, but these should be verified before incorporating such information into the article. In any case, I deem it best to remove the present pseudo-explanation. -- (talk) 11:51, 13 June 2010 (UTC)

Quick question

Does anyone know why the hell beard, "la barba" is feminine in Italian!? Normally women can't grow beards... —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 04:27, 30 September 2009 (UTC)

Likely because of its connection to 'i baffi,' which are masculine.Charles F Ross (talk) 19:35, 6 October 2009 (UTC)
Not all words of Latin origin have maintained an obvious natural gender. Barba was a first declension Latin noun which was masculine despite its placement in a feminine declension. It's a similar case to "agricola" which was masculine but first declension as well. Barba, because of the ending, not because of the natural gender of the word, was inherited through Vulgar Latin by Italian with the increasing use of definite pronouns. W Auckland (talk) 19:28, 17 December 2010 (UTC)

Silly classification

I just want to say it is totally silly to point out in the info box where italian is spoken. It is useless... in this case im sure pretty much every important language such as English, Spanish, Chinese or French are spoken in pretty much every country in the world!!!.... Italian is official almost only in Italia, lets point out that important fact instead !

-- (talk) 00:33, 27 December 2009 (UTC)

Italian in Switzerland

In the map there is a mistake: Italian is official in the whole Switzerland, not only in the Italophone part. Someone should correct the colors there, such as they corrected in the similar map for the French language. German, French and Italian are the administrative language of the whole country, Romansh is a regional language instead.--Pascar (talk) 22:34, 2 January 2010 (UTC)

By this logic French should cover all of Canada and German all of Belgium!!?? Or maybe Irish all of Ireland?? The map is fine and relax Italian is doing fine too in Switzerland just the way it is without unnecessary nationalism! —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 14:57, 9 May 2010 (UTC)

I just want to tell you how much I miss you —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 20:48, 18 February 2010 (UTC)

Modern era

It's quite a claim to say that Italian grammar was influenced by Spanish overlordship. Normally when one culture dominates another, there is borrowing of words and expressions, but for the grammar to change would be bizarre. (Examples: the Welsh and Irish have been thoroughly dominated by the English for centuries but retain their own grammar.)

However there is a lot that is strange but true in this world so if someone can come up with a reliable source for this claim then please provide it, otherwise it should be removed. Asnac (talk) 11:04, 26 August 2010 (UTC)

English grammar didn't change during the Norman reign? —Tamfang (talk) 06:53, 27 October 2011 (UTC)

""Italian is NOT regulated...

by the Accademia della Crusca nor by any other instutition. The reference should be removed. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 20:27, 18 June 2008 (UTC)

yes, it's false, the Accademia della Crusca is an important institute of studies about the correct use of the italian language, the most important, but has no official role. Unfortunely I', not able to change it -.- --Sumail (talk) 10:12, 11 October 2008 (UTC)
This is not completely true... Italian is regulated by "Centro di studi di grammatica italiana" (Italian grammar study center). This institution is located physically INSIDE the Accademia della Crusca in Firenze (Florence). It was born as a department of the Accademia della Crusca in 1630, and in July 8, 1937 a royal decree law of the Kingdom of Italy recognized this specific department as the only and unique subject able to change and define grammar and syntactic rules concerning Italian language; this is the "official role". Other departments in Accademia della Crusca work on lexicon, vocabularies, pronounces and other related stuff but are only influent as you said, they haven't an official commission or mandate. (talk) 03:37, 31 December 2011 (UTC)

Italian Language

I fully realize that it is only natural to be proud of one's language. I also realize that speakers of any language have a natural tendency to exaggerate its importance and present-day value. However, i really do feel that I have to point a few things out in relation to the Italian Wiki article. First off, one would be extremely hard pressed to find 150 million "cultural" speakers of Italian across the globe (I'm having a difficult even time grasping what this means). 60 to 70 million native speakers, yes. But then magically NINETY million more Italophones appear ? Please, enlighten me, from where ? Switzerland ? Hardly. I'm sure there are fewer than 1 million Italian speakers there, and the numbers aren't exactly soaring (I lived in Geneva for two years). Slovenia and Croatia ? Again, wishful thinking. The United States ? The language has fallen into a "Jersey Shore"-like state of disrepair. And I'd venture that there aren't too many more Italian speakers in the "Ionian Islands during the Septinsular Republic".

Now, on to the former Italian African possessions. I can't speak from personal experience concerning Libya (though the number of Italian speakers can't have faired too well under Gaddafi's European purging), but I did work in Addis and Asmara shortly after university. I met a select few (albeit very, very old) citizens in Eritrea who had a fair grasp of the language, but next to nobody in Ethiopia. And in Somalia, the government barely has control over the capital city - there aren't millions of Somalians running around poring over Aleramo and Comisso to learn a "cultural" language in the midst of civil strife.

And the only source anywhere on the Internet backing up these (unmistakably inflated) numbers is a password-protected PDF file from the Italian Consulate in Helsinki ? In short, while Italian is a beautiful language with a renowned literary tradition and culture to boot, I find it extremely hard to believe that there are so many people speak the language. Perhaps we could make a few changes to these figures (or to the misleading language distribution map) reflecting the Ethnologue entry [1] along with other more reliable sources ? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 02:32, 3 March 2010 (UTC)

There were 520,122 Italian citizens resident in Switzerland in 2007, then you should add all italophone Swiss citizens, so you can understand that all italophone residents in Switzerland are almost 1 million.--Pascar (talk) 15:42, 9 May 2010 (UTC)

Hi - I am not "professional" wikipedia writer but I can tell you two things for sure: Italian is spoken in Albania as second language (also due to television influence; you can easily check that with every Albanian); Italian is still spoken widely in Dodecanese (almost as a first language amongs old generation - I can testimony during my last trip over there every aged people wanted to speak Italian to me; especially on smaller islands); Italian is spoken widely in Romania - some Romanians have also Italian as first language (maybe you don't know but there is also an historical Italian Minority in Romania with a presence in the Parliament granted by law - check the official site of them Italian is spoken widely also in USA (especially Boston area than New York area - my direct experience), Australia (as my relatives born there could testify), Argentina (as my relatives born there could testify), France, East Europe. In general I always had the opportunity to speak extensively Italian in every country I have been so far - except Asia. If I can find a useful statistic link for that I will post it. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:13, 21 September 2011 (UTC)

No, it is not spoken "widely" in the USA - only in a few select Italian-American neighborhoods in a few of the largest cities in the northeast will you ever run into it being spoken to any degree. HammerFilmFan (talk) 09:14, 9 April 2012 (UTC)


I think a further italian consonant should be added in the table "Consonants of Italian", namely a velar nasal ŋ, invariably represented by letter n. In fact, this is even used later when listing the pronunciation of some numbers: venticinque /ventiˈtʃiŋkwe/. The distinction may be subtle for some, since both dialectal and personal variants include slightly different pronunciation of n, for instance with /veŋtiˈtʃiŋkwe/. --Roberto La Ferla (talk) 22:24, 25 August 2010 (UTC)

Can't it be considered an allophone? —Tamfang (talk) 06:50, 27 October 2011 (UTC)
[ŋ] IS an allophone for /n/ in Italian. (I'm Italian) 03:15, 31 December 2011 (UTC) — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk)

When Italians recognized they do not speak Latin?

When Italians recognized they do not speak Latin?--MathFacts (talk) 08:41, 8 September 2010 (UTC)

I don't understand what you are trying to say. Please be more clear with your question/statement. Thanks. BalticPat22Patrick (talk) 19:20, 8 September 2010 (UTC)
Well, he was only asking (or 'trying to ask', if you insist...): given that Italian had developed continuously from Latin, at what time did Italians begin to feel that their form of speech was already a different language system than is Latin? My guess would be: about AD 700. Similarly, when did English become aware that their tongue was a different language than had been that of Beowulf, say. Caxton in the 14th century complained that, confronted of with Olde Englysshe Manuscryptes (which he was supposed to type-set), he could not 'brynge them to bee vndirstonden', and that they were, in his eyes, 'more lyke Dutche than Englysshe'. And yet, Caxton's English was 'the same language' as was Beowulf's, only 'slightly' changed across generations. (talk) 14:24, 17 December 2010 (UTC) Wojciech Żełaniec
No. It's actually matter of convention or of national pride. Throughout the middle ages and renaissance and even later the term "latin" was used to refer to every languages of the romance world (Italian, Venetian, Occitan, French, Spanish, ......) along with many other phrases depending on the circumstances, even today there are a few languages which are called "latin" by their native speakers. So the question wants either a HUGE answer or a very deep redesign :) -- (talk) 18:26, 18 April 2011 (UTC)
But beyond national pride: when did Italians start feeling that their form of speech, however they called it, was a different language than the language of Cicero, say? When did a common man from Campania, say, realise that 'he coulde not brynge them to bee vndirstonden' them there classical Latin texts? My guess would be some time about 700-800 AD. (talk) 07:19, 26 May 2011 (UTC) Wojciech Żełaniec
First of all, I'm Italian, I was born in Firenze (Florence, Tuscany) and lived there for almost 28 years before move to Australia a few months ago; my English isn't so good yet (corrections are welcome :D). Of course there isn't a specific point on the timeline, spoken Italian began to evolve into deeper dialects from IV-V century, the definitive fall of the Western Roman Empire. People of the Italian peninsula always referred to their native language as "Latin" during the following centuries. The point is that starting from fifth century there was been an harder and harder fracture between spoken latin and written latin. The first one changed gradually, year by year, century by century; the second one never changed. e.g. Around AD 1000 people of Florence were already speaking what now we call "latino volgare" (Vulgar Latin), but no-one wrote anything really important in this language essentially before Dante's "Comedìa". We had a big poetic production from several sicilian artists too. After AD 1250ca writings in "vulgar" become common, mutual influences between Tuscany and Sicily granted the new "written vulgar" a minimum threshold of coherence through the peninsula. XIV-XVI centuries meant a period of dramatical Florentine cultural hegemony over the whole peninsula due to the Renaissance, and this is when the Italian was definitively born, this is when Accademia Della Crusca has been founded and when florentine people began to refer to their native language as Italian. Today, if a Milan-born Italian hears a recitation of Comedìa can understand everything; but if a no-matter-where-born Italian hears a poem written around AD 1200 in Milan can't understand anything. This is also one of the main motivation for which in Italy there is a Latin course for students during the secondary school; Latin is very different from both Volgare and Italian, but is still the basis of the whole grammar. The principle behind this study is that the history of the Italian language is well-documented, and if you can understand HOW the transiction from Latin to Italian happened you can have a great teaching in terms of knowledge of your language, your country, your culture and your identity. LorenzoIlMagnifico (talk) 02:02, 31 December 2011 (UTC)

Vowel quantity in Italian

Transcriptions like these: /natˈtsjoːne/ suggest that Italian knows long and short vowels. My guess would be, that it in fact does, in spite of what most grammars and such tell you, but only in the ears of those whose native tongue knows this contrast too, e. g. in those of English speakers. I'd venture to say that Italian does not really have long and short vowels (vowels being, phonemically, length-neutral in that language), except that there is a certain tendency to sometimes slightly drawl the vowel of the stressed syllable. But this tendency is restricted to and by various circumstances, such as speaking rate, emotion, logical emphasis and similar. Foreigners who always say /natˈtsjoːne/ tend to sound funny. Do they not? (talk) 16:14, 16 December 2010 (UTC) Wojciech Żełaniec

Long and short vowels are ONLY in the head and in the ears of people who try to speak Italian. It's not rare that people who learned Italian very well still think at Italian vowels as short ones and long ones. Short/long distinction is present in Latin, in Italian we have a form of typical/forced accent which can remind something similar, but NO, in Italian there are no short vowels as there are no long ones. (There are SEVERAL Italian grammar books for foreign students that says that we have short and long vowels.... nononono, IT'S NOT TRUE). Italian is a language with mid length terms and where single syllables are usually shorter than other languages such as English, this means that Italian is full of vowels. Typically the tonic syllable is the second last in a word, as in "nazione" /natˈtsjoːne/. There's no difference between the "a" and the "o" in terms of length, the only noticeable thing the that the "o" is the vowel of the tonic syllable of the word, its barycenter. It's quite similar to what happens in English, the only difference is that in English the tonic accent is usually focused on the first vowel of the word, and the words are made by less longer syllables. Foreigners are often funny when try to pronounce italian terms, but I'm pretty sure that English-speaking people would laugh too if they could hear how italians pronounce some of their common terms. E.g. "performance" which becomes "per formance", italians tends to move the tonic accent a little toward the end and put it on "o" or "a" (I've heard both versions). Putting the tonic accent on the first "e" is really asking to much :D LorenzoIlMagnifico (talk) 02:34, 31 December 2011 (UTC)
I completely disagree with you. The point is that the occurence of long vowels in not by itself distinctive, but it's a countour feature of tonic accent when it falls open sillables (i.e. ending with a vowel) in the middle of a word. Do try to pronounce /nat' with a short /o/ (you'll have to make an effort to succeed, because it's not natural italian pronunciation), it will sound odd. To an Italian speaker lengthening is just a feature of tonic accent, not something that can occur indipendently, so it's not suprising that the answer is "we don't have lenghthening, we just have tonic accent" from the point of view of an Italian speaker. In reality this co-occurence of stress and lengthening belongs to italian phonology, but length and stress can be independent from one another in other languages. That's why indicating the lengthening may be useless or even misleading for an Italian reading this article, but it's a necessary and more objective description of the language. Foreigners sounds funny only when they overdo this feature (by putting an extra-long lengthening instead of a simple one or putting it in close sillables, both a form of hypercorrection or caricature), especially when they fail to pair this with the syllable-timed prosody of Italian (in contrast with the stress-timed prosody of English), which makes closed syllables last the same as open syllables (hence the lengthening to compensate for the missing consonant). Geon79 (talk) 23:18, 9 October 2012 (UTC)


The Italian language adopted by the state after the unification of Italy is based on the Tuscan dialect, which beforehand was only available to upper class Florentine society.

Is "available" the best word here? —Tamfang (talk) 20:42, 4 April 2011 (UTC)


It must be made clear that the idea that Italian was unknown in Italy except by the Florentine upper classes til 1861 is a silly groundless prejudice spread by ignorant and biased people.

Italian was known and spoken also by everybody in the territories of the Stati Pontifici (Lazio, Umbria, Marche, Emilia Romagna) as it was learnt at primary school which was compulsory there.

Upper classes in all Italy were able to express themselves in Italian as it was the only language used in education besides Latin. The University of Turin adopted it officially in 1536: note the local dialect is the most removed from Tuscan by linguistic standards.Aldrasto11 (talk) 13:59, 15 July 2011 (UTC)

It would also look unbelievable to any reasonable person that most literary production since the 13th century had been done in a language that was not understandable to the literate ones.Aldrasto11 (talk) 05:29, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

In schools

While there is a subsection "Education" that addresses classes worldwide that teach Italian, there is nothing that I can find about Italian as the language of instruction in the schools in Italy. I think this article needs a (perhaps brief) section called "In education in Italy". It would answer these questions: Where in Italy is Italian, as opposed to one of the other languages of Italy, spoken by the teachers in all the classes? Do the teachers always speak in the standard language, or do they use the local dialect when teaching non-language courses such as history, etc.? Duoduoduo (talk) 14:19, 18 July 2011 (UTC)

In Italy teachers use standard Italian. Of course, the language inflection of a teacher in Milan is not the same of the teacher in Rome, but both teacher speaks always in standard Italian. It's not different from what happens with every other language, the English of Glasgow isn't the same English you can hear in London or in Brisbane... but it's still British English. Every Italian citizen speak most of time in standard Italian, people who speaks different dialects all the time are few, especially old countrymen. Don't confuse language inflection, which differs from province to province, region to region, with true dialects which sometimes have particular lexical forms, grammar rules and other similar stuff. True dialects are used only in particular situations, sometimes within the family, sometimes with some friends, traditional celebrations etc. Different dialects were a true problem about 50-60 years ago, but the country-wide radio and TV transmissions had a teaching and leveling function on the populations of different regions of Italy. In a sense, news radio bulletins and soccer running commentary on national radio channels "taught" Italians how to speak Italian correctly. Today strict dialects still exist, but everyone speak Italian.LorenzoIlMagnifico (talk) 03:02, 31 December 2011 (UTC)

About writing system

This is not a criticism but an annotation. This article is named italian Language, and I purposedly wrote the l of language with uppercase, so one may expet to talk about phonology, verb declination and so, of course things that are related to the Tongue and the tongue. Writing has very few to do with a language, a spoken language. In cases like chinese language, the language has nothing to do with the pictures they draw the so called "Pictograms": these are like children drawings or street signals; they have absolutely no connection with language both in oral or written form. Speaking about written language, that is the alphabets, the connection with the tongue is only that their signs represent single, or very few, sounds, it's not a direct connection it is an arbitrary one, moreover language has to do with direct talking, eye contact, hand gestures, while graphology has to do with paper, which can be lost or burned, so it would make more sense to talk about italian literature in an article intitled Italian graphology. But where will I found in the same article on Wikipedia the literature and the graphology of italian? Nowhere but if you think there is much more connection than beetween italian graphemes and italian phonology. Alphabets and spoken language are very distant but here on Wikipedia are constantly mixed erroneously, all universities treat them separatedly and there is a reason for this. This, according to me the way written language(alphabet NOT Pictograms), literature and (spoken) Tongue. About the Pictograms aka Sinograms ideograms they have so few to do with a lanuage that they don't deserve to be talked about, not only in an article that contains the word Language in its title but not even in the discussion page (they're not even far relatives!!) of an article that contains the word language. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 01:37, 25 September 2012 (UTC)

"inconsistent outcomes" of Italian language

"Compared with most other Romance languages, Italian has a large number of inconsistent outcomes, where the same underlying sound produces different results in different words, e.g. laxāre > lasciare and lassare, captiāre > cacciare and cazzare, (ex)dēroteolāre > sdrucciolare and druzzolare, rēgīna > regina and reina, -c- > /k/ and /g/, -t- > /t/ and /d/. This is thought to reflect the several-hundred-year period during which Italian developed as a literary language divorced from any native-speaking population, with an origin in 12th/13th-century Tuscan but with many words borrowed from languages farther to the north, with different sound outcomes. (The La Spezia–Rimini Line, the most important isogloss in the entire Romance-language area, passes only about 20 miles to the north of Florence.)"

I think this section is completely wrong. "lassare" is an ancient form for "lasciare", "cazzare" comes from the Spanish "cazar", "reina" is an ancient form for "regina" and "druzzolare" is a dialect word not used in Italian.--Antonioptg (talk) 03:02, 18 November 2012 (UTC)

Uhhh Guys?

There isn't a section about vocabulary. Why not? Every other of the romance languages has a vocab section ('scept Romanian, but it still discusses vocab under its 'Classification'). Doesn't Italian deserve (read: need) a section about its vocabulary? Portuguese has its own article for christs sake. John Holmes II (talk) 14:18, 20 March 2013 (UTC)

The article has its own definition of Italian

This article does not distinguish between "Italian" and "regional idioms" as the Italian grammarians call them. A regional idiom is not necessarily even the same language. Italian is the official language of Italy but that is a development of after 2000. The census of 1861, the year after Garibaldi's unification of Italy (which did not unify all of it) reveals that only 2.5% of the population spoke Italian. Italian is a specific language, one of several Romance languages spoken in Italy. The name reflects the original ideal, which was to create a a common Italian language. The movement did not really gain much momentum until the cinquecento. The core of the language comes from the Tuscan idiom of Florence in the ducento, where Dante devised his dolce stilo nuovo. Our Italian is at core Tuscan and dates to the 12 century at very earliest. The scholars don't use Italian to mean the first evidence of an idiom deriving from Vulgar Latin. There were over 15 of those. I would suggest an article rewrite; otherwise, you have original conceptualization here. Italian is not any language of Italy or any idiom coming from the Vulgar Latin. I further recommend you use Ethnologue as a guide. Thanks.Branigan 10:19, 21 May 2013 (UTC)

This fatuous passage should not be here. It should be on Botteville's own web-site, if anywhere. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:27, 22 May 2013 (UTC)


I removed the following sentence.

In anglophone Canada, Italian is the second-most taught language after French, while in the United Kingdom it is the fourth after French, Spanish and German.(

The sentence claimed to have teaching stats about Canada and the UK. But when I read the source provided, the source had nothing to do with those facts, doesn't mention them in the slightest, and therefore doesn't back up the teaching stats at all. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Randal Oulton (talkcontribs) 07:54, 4 June 2013 (UTC)

map wrong

the second map was wrong because only south tyrol and aosta valley were coloured as non native speaking. this is wrong. in other places in Italy, such as Occitan valleys, Friuli, greek communities etc Italian is spoken , by part of the population, as second language because some of the local inhabitants belong to linguistic minorities as they speak other languages rather than Italian as native language.-- (talk) 21:07, 25 June 2013 (UTC)

Massive WP:OR violations

This article is in very poor shape, suffering from massive WP:OR violations, made worse by extensive vandalism by anonymous users. For those who do not know how Wikipedia works, well, Wikipedia build on reliable sources (WP:RS). If you believe that something is right, then frankly nobody cares. If your opinion is not supported by a reliable source, Wikipedia is not the place for it. Violations of this rule has been taken to bizarre lengths in this article as anonumous IPs have inserted loads of unsourced claims. Worse, when those claims are tagged for sources, they resort to remove the tags instead of providing sources. That is vandalism, pure and simple. I have removed a large chunk of unsubstantiated claims that had been tagged but loads of OR remains in the article. It should probably be semi-protected as a first step, and it's in dire need of the attention of responsible users.Jeppiz (talk) 22:15, 26 July 2013 (UTC)

As the IP-vandal in Rome continues to remove tags, insert OR-violations and refuses to discuss the edits, I've requested semi-protection for the page. As I don't want to appear to edit war, even if only to undo policy-violations, it would be appreciated if some other user could remove the latest edit by the dynamic IP-vandal that once again inserted the same OR-violations and deleted the fact tags that had been added to these claims.Jeppiz (talk) 11:50, 27 July 2013 (UTC)


The infobox was a complete mess. Someone seems to have thought that "recognized minority language" refers to any country where even one Italian speaker lives. No, it does not. Recognized minority language means that the legislation of the country recognizes Italian as a minority language. Furthermore, "native to" is another heading that does not cover every country where the language may be spoken by someone.Jeppiz (talk) 16:53, 16 December 2013 (UTC)


I've fully protected this page in accordance with the protection policy for edit warring. Please take this opportunity to discuss the disputed changes, rather than edit war. If a consensus is reached prior to the expiry of the page protection (10 days), I or another administrator may unprotect the article. I the protection lapses and/or there is no agreement if any discussion happens here, the protection could be extended and/or users may be blocked. The same is true if edit warring continues at any time once the protection is no longer in effect. If you have any questions, feel free to contact me. Rjd0060 (talk) 18:15, 16 December 2013 (UTC)

Perhaps a bit over the top, as there is no content dispute, only silly vandalism. An IP with next to no prior edits kept inserting bizarre claims, such as Italian being native to Ireland and Japan, or Italian being a recognized official language in countries like Bulgaria, Mexico or the US. The IP never discussed or gave any reason for the edits, so I don't really see it as a content dispute. Surely Rjd0060 does not mean we should discuss if Italian is native to Japan or if it's an officially recognized language in Mexico?Jeppiz (talk) 19:43, 16 December 2013 (UTC)

There is no protection template, please tag the page with a protection template. Thanks! Thewikiguru1 (talk) 00:27, 17 December 2013 (UTC)

If there were an edit war afoot, it would seem to be about infobox content, specifically what qualifies as a "recognized minority language." I'd be grateful for a link to the Wikipedia instructions for deciding what qualifies in that regard. In any case, limiting this to language status codified in nationwide legislation on the part of the state that perhaps grudgingly contains the minority would not be the right thing to do. The nameless IP contributor seems to have aligned the content with what I find elsewhere in the encyclopedia. The claim for Japan seemed especially absurd to me, as well, but there does appear to be some internal evidence for such a fanciful statement, alongside other lists of where Italian is spoken. Then again, perhaps Japan was vengefully added just to piss Jeppiz off. Putting the list into the native category on a later edit might possibly have been a slip of the mouse. From my perspective, the only thing that proves the reverted edits were indeed vandalism is the contributor's refusal to discuss what s/he was doing. As the infobox stands, worldwide recognition for Italian does seem excessively downplayed, with only Slovenia and Croatia. If that truly matches our strict definition of the category, something must be wrong with the category. Regardless, let's quickly achieve consensus on this because Wikipedia surely deserves a better article on Italian than the one we have now, so the page needs to be welcoming improvement, any attempted improvement it can garner. - phi (talk) 12:18, 18 December 2013 (UTC)

Florida and Canada

The U.S. state name Florida nowadays is always pronounced ("de facto") as Flòrida:

same thing for Cànada instead of Canadà

--Mirandolese (talk) 23:12, 4 January 2014 (UTC)

"All varieties"

What is that supposed to mean in the infobox, "85 million all varieties"? --JorisvS (talk) 16:28, 6 January 2014 (UTC)


The introduction right now claims Italian to be spoken in countries such as Bosnia, Albania etc. That is highly misleading, there are hardly more Italian speakers in Bosnia than Japanese in Ireland. I know Ethnologue is used as a source, and that is (once again) the problem. As has been said in a large number of language articles, Ethnologue is not a reliable source, it's filled with errors. I'm going to remove this sentence unless a reliable source is presented.Jeppiz (talk) 12:25, 25 January 2014 (UTC)

I agree, thanks for reverting that ridiculous addition. --Nemo 18:01, 25 January 2014 (UTC)

Italian in other countries

That vandalizer proves he knows very well. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 10:04, 18 February 2014 (UTC)

ITALIAN IST THE 4TH MOST STUDIED LANGUAGE IN THE WORLD, EVEN MORE THAN GERMAN — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 18:30, 6 July 2014 (UTC)

Correction request ("Phonology" section)

Romanian viațǎ is irrelevant for the comparison of the outcomes of "vīta", because it is deemed to be descended from *vīvitia (vīta would have simply given vitǎ). (talk) 00:40, 9 July 2014 (UTC)

Standard Italian

The article rightly states that 'standard Italian', based on Tuscan, was adopted by the State after Italy unification (1861). That may give the impression that before 1861 standard Italian was not in use. That's wrong. Actually, standard Italian had been adopted by all pre-unitarian Italian States as official language since centuries, and was then used even beyond the current boundaries of the Italian republic, for instance in Corsica, in the region of Nice, in Istria, in Malta. Only two areas of current Italy did not have standard Italian as official language: Aosta valley (which used French) and South Tyrol (province of Bolzano), which had German (except for very few areas, where German shared its status with Italian). The last region of Italy to adopt officially standard Italian was Sardinia, in 1721. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:21, 5 August 2014 (UTC)

Actually, the Tuscan and Southern dialects of Italian were used in Malta.


The world map, with all those countries in light blue, seems a bit excessive. Instead, it would be better to use green squares to denote expatriate communities like in other language articles. Califate123! (talk) 15:19, 26 October 2014 (UTC)

I agree. The map, quite frankly, borders on the ridiculous in claiming everything from Canada to Bulgaria as italophone countries. As nobody has contested this for several months, I'm removing the map.Jeppiz (talk) 14:29, 10 February 2015 (UTC)

History of the Italian language

There should be a specific article about History of Italian. The history of many languages are listed in {{Language histories}}, but Italian is missing. Italian is a relevant language and should have an article for his history. Currently, the link to the history present in {{Italian language}} redirects to a section of this main article.

The current section is not smaller than other articles about the history of a language, but it can be expanded. Some parts are still incomplete. The article says that in 1861, only 2.5% of the Italian population could speak the language, but it does not explain how the language became spoken by almost the entire population (59 million speakers).

The phonological history is not presented in the article. This part should be written and presented in the article as well. It should present the sound changes that Italian has undergone since Vulgar Latin.

The history of the orthography is another thing that could be added.

Some resources:

Torneira (talk) 20:56, 12 February 2015 (UTC)


How do the rules of punctuation differ from English? -- Beland (talk) 20:59, 16 July 2015 (UTC)


I last studied Italian about two decades ago. I'm almost sure the numbers section has too many diacritics. —Nelson Ricardo (talk) 02:55, 22 July 2015 (UTC)

You're right. There is only one accent that should be there. Some could have been said to indicate pronunciation, but with the IPA alongside it, there is no need to deviate from the normal orthography. --JorisvS (talk) 13:12, 22 July 2015 (UTC)