Tema Harbour

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Tema Harbour
Containerterminal in Tema, Ghana.jpg
A container terminal at Tema Port
CountryGhana Republic of Ghana
LocationTema, Ghana
Coordinates05°38′00″N 00°00′01″E / 5.63333°N 0.00028°E / 5.63333; 0.00028Coordinates: 05°38′00″N 00°00′01″E / 5.63333°N 0.00028°E / 5.63333; 0.00028
Available berths22[2]
Draft depth16.0 m.[2]
Container ships and Merchant ships being loaded and unloaded at the Intermodal freight transport of Tema Harbour.

Tema Harbour is a harbour located in Tema in the southeastern part of Ghana, along the Gulf of Guinea.[3][4] Tema Harbour is a member of the International Association of Ports and Harbours (IAPH).[5]

History of the harbour[edit]

The construction of the harbour was proposed by British Colonial Officers in the Gold Coast before its independence. An old fishing village called Torman was the proposed site for the harbour's construction.[6] The rapid industrialization that followed Ghana's independence led to the town adopting the name Tema from that of the fishing village. After independence, under the leadership of Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, the construction of the harbour began in the 1950s with planning led by the award-winning city planner and the first Ghanaian architect, Theodore S. Clerk.[7][8] and was commissioned in 1962.[6][9]

As part of a visit of the Prime Minister of Barbados to Ghana in November 2019, a sister-port agreement was signed between Port Tema and the Bridgetown Port located in the Caribbean.[10]

Area of the harbour[edit]

The harbour lies along the Gulf of Guinea and is 18 miles from Accra, the capital of Ghana. The harbour has a water-enclosed area of 1.7 million square metres and covers a total land area of 3.9 million square metres. The harbour lies on a 410 acres (166 hectares) of sea.[3] The harbour has 5 kilometres of breakwaters, 12 deepwater berths, one oil-tanker berth, one dockyard, warehouses, and transit sheds. In the east of the lee breakwater is a fishing harbour with cold-storage and marketing facilities that handles fishing processing.

Harbour activities[edit]

The harbour serves both as a loading and unloading port for goods. It also serves as a major transit point for goods from land-locked countries to the north of Ghana. It also handles trade for industrial and commercial companies that import and export various goods such as petroleum, cement, food, metals, textiles.

The port has a wide range of industrial and commercial companies, producing or handling among other goods petroleum products, cement, food items, iron and steel, aluminium products and textiles. Most of the country’s chief export, cacao, is shipped from Tema. The harbour handles 80% of Ghana's national exports and imports.[6]

Tema Harbour expansion[edit]

The Tema Harbour and Port of Tema is undergoing an expansion and investment of $115 million in infrastructural upgrading at the Tema harbour and port of Tema as part of efforts aimed at expanding facilities of Tema port to meet decreasing cargo traffic by the Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA); and in which the expansion and investment will go into the purchase and instalment of cranes, reach-stackers, ship to shore cranes, among others.[11] The harbour upgrades will improve the cargo-handling capacity of the Tema harbour and port; and the amount of freight will continue to rise as Ghana’s economy maintains its high rate of growth, with expansion tipped to come in at just under 8% in 2013.[12]

Sister Seasports[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "UNLOCODE (GH) - GHANA". service.unece.org. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Port of Tema, Ghana". www.findaport.com. Shipping Guides Limited. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Tema port infrastructure". www.otal.com. Archived from the original on 15 July 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  4. ^ Kamal Odaymat Christabel Blay Kwame Boamah Ansong Vida Nana Appiah Ofori Where on the boat APort of Tema. Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine World Port Source.
  5. ^ IAPH Member Ports, Int'l Assoc. of Ports and Harbours
  6. ^ a b c "Tema Has The Most Active Port Of Ghana". www.articlesalley.com. Archived from the original on 28 May 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  7. ^ "Tema". http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/geography/tema.php. Archived from the original on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011. External link in |publisher= (help)
  8. ^ Goold, David. "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report (April 3, 2018, 2:54 pm)". www.scottisharchitects.org.uk. Archived from the original on April 7, 2017. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  9. ^ "Company Profile". www.ghanaports.gov.gh. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
  10. ^ a b NewsRoom, Citi (16 November 2019). "Ghana, Barbados sign agreement to establish sister Port relationship". General News. Adentan, Accra: Modern Ghana. Retrieved 16 November 2019. Ghana and Barbados today, [November 15, 2019] signed an agreement to establish a sister-port relationship between the Tema and Bridgetown, to facilitate the expansion of trade between the two countries, especially trade transiting through Barbados from Ghana and onward to other Caribbean and Latin America destination ports. The agreement was signed at the Jubilee House, when the Prime Minister of Barbados, Her Excellency Mia Mottley, paid a courtesy call on President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, as part of her official visit to Ghana.
  11. ^ "Bollore to invest US$15m to expand facilities at Tema port". graphic.com.gh. Daily Graphic. 8 May. Archived from the original on 28 March 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  12. ^ "Economic Update Ghana: Port expansion to handle rising cargo". oxfordbusinessgroup.com. 8 May 2013. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2013.