Tempur was originally based on NASA's research to develop a material that would cushion aircraft seats and improve survivability in the event of an accident.
The first Tempur-Pedic mattress was introduced by Fagerdala World Foams, a Swedish technical foam firm. The brand was brought to the United States in 1992 and the company Tempur-Pedic, Inc. was founded. Nine distributors of Fagerdala, including Tempur-Pedic, Inc., merged in 1999 to form Tempur World holding company, reformed in 2002 as Tempur-Pedic International Inc. The company went public in 2003. In 2012, Tempur-Pedic and Sealy Corporation announced plans to merge to form "the world's largest bedding company." Tempur-Pedic paid $228.6 million but the two companies will operate separately.
Tempur-Pedic won a 2009 Electronic Retailing Association (ERA) award for direct marketing.