The Adventures of Pinocchio (1996 film)
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|The Adventures of Pinocchio|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Steve Barron|
|Produced by||Heinz Bibo
Jeffrey M. Sneller
|Written by||Sherry Mills
|Based on||The Adventures of Pinocchio
by Carlo Collodi
|Music by||Rachel Portman|
|Cinematography||Juan Ruiz Anchía|
|Edited by||Sean Barton|
|Distributed by||New Line Cinema|
|Box office||$36,394,530 (worldwide)|
The Adventures of Pinocchio is a 1996 American fantasy adventure film based on Carlo Collodi's original novel of the same name co-written and directed by Steve Barron. Barron collaborated with Sherry Mills, Tom Bender and Barry Berman on the screenplay. The film was an American, British, French, Czech and German venture produced by New Line Cinema, The Kushner-Locke Company, Savoy Pictures, Pangaea Holdings and Twin Continental Films. The film stars Martin Landau, Jonathan Taylor Thomas, Rob Schneider, Udo Kier, Bebe Neuwirth, David Doyle and Geneviève Bujold.
Long ago, Italian woodcarver Geppetto carves a heart into a pine tree, expressing his secret love for a woman named Leona whom he has been attracted to for years. When he leaves, lightning strikes the tree, imbuing the heart with magic. Years later, the older Geppetto reunites with the remains of the tree and carves a puppet out of it, naming him Pinocchio. Due to the heart’s magic, Pinocchio comes to life, referring to Geppetto as his father. Pinocchio chases a pigeon outside, meeting Leona, and then a pair of thieves, Volpe and Felinet, who work for Lorenzini, a sinister theater director and puppet master, informing him of Pinocchio’s existence and sentience. Lorenzini tries to purchase Pinocchio, but Geppetto refuses to sell his son; due in part to their business rivalry and Lorenzini's poor treatment of the puppets he buys.
Pinocchio climbs out of a window and wanders into town, joining a group of boys in school. He gets into a fight with the rowdy Lampwick, and when lies about it, his nose grows longer, and is kicked out of the class. In bitterness, Pinocchio ends up causing damage to a local bakery, and Geppetto is arrested as a result. Pinocchio flees home, meeting a talking cricket, Pepe, who tells Pinocchio to behave in order to become a real boy. The next day, Pinocchio and Geppetto are put on trial. Unless Geppetto pays a fine he will be imprisoned. Lorenzini enters, offering to pay off the debt if Pinocchio is given over to him. Geppetto reluctantly agrees.
Pinocchio becomes the star of Lorenzini’s shows and is given gold coins as payment. However, Pepe helps him discover that he is ultimately unloved by Lorenzini. Pinocchio rescues several of Geppetto’s puppets from being deliberately burnt, unintentionally setting Lorenzini’s theater alight. He then leaps into a river and flees to the forest, where he decides to live. Felinet and Volpe find him, swindling him out of his coins. Pinocchio spots a stage coach passing by carrying Lampwick and other boys, travelling to Terra Magica, a hidden funfair for boys to do as they please. Meanwhile, Geppetto and Leona have been tracking down Pinocchio, lose track of him, and Geppetto rows out to sea upon finding Pinocchio’s hat on a beach.
In the funfair, Pinocchio, Lampwick, and other boys go on a roller-coaster, but drinking the water of Terra Magica turns them into donkeys, symbolising their bad behavior by turning them into “jackasses”. The funfair turns out to belong to Lorenzini who sells the donkeys off to circuses and farms. Pinocchio has Lampwick kick Lorenzini into the water, transforming him into a whale. The boys and donkeys flee the funfair, Pinocchio reuniting with Leona, and he sets out to find his father. Pinocchio and Pepe are consumed by a giant whale which they recognize as the now feral Lorenzini (due to the strong scent of chili peppers on his breath), reuniting with Geppetto inside. They try to escape up Lorenzini’s throat, Pinocchio lying to extend his nose and make the passage larger. The two are blasted out of Lorenzini’s blowhole; but the whale asphyxiates, Pinocchio’s broken nose wedged in his throat and causing him to choke to death; his lifeless body falling to the ocean floor.
On land, Pinocchio and Geppetto embrace. Pinocchio tears flow, the tears landing on the heart carving, the same magic force from before transforming him into a real boy. The two embrace once more over the miracle. Pepe congratulates Pinocchio before leaving, wanting to rest from the whole ordeal, but promising they we see each other again soon. On the way home, Pinocchio tricks Felinet and Volpe into drinking the magic water, and they are later revealed to have transformed into a cat and a fox (their namesakes) which results in them getting corralled by a farmer, collared, and kept as pets. The donkeys transform back into boys by reforming one by one, Geppetto and Leona marry, and Pinocchio gives his father a log to carve into a girlfriend. Although stunned by how quick his son is adapting, he ultimately accepts how things have turned out as he and Leona embrace and watch their son's happiness.
- Martin Landau as Geppetto, an impoverished puppet maker who accidentally gives Pinocchio life after carving him from an enchanted log. He is initially reluctant to accept the puppet as his son, but warms up to him once he loses him.
- Jonathan Taylor Thomas as Pinocchio, the eponymous character and main protagonist of the film. He seeks to learn about right and wrong so that one day he will become a real boy. He was puppeteered by Mak Wilson, Robert Tygner, Michelan Sisti, Bruce Lanoil, William Todd-Jones, and Ian Tregonning.
- David Doyle as the voice of Pepe, a talking cricket who serves as Pinocchio's spiritual conscience. In the trailer, Wallace Shawn was cast as Pepe until the role was recast to Doyle. This was Doyle's final performance before his death in 1997 next year.
- Geneviève Bujold as Leona, a friend of Geppetto's who Geppetto is secretly in love with, a love which is actually mutual. She serves as the Blue Fairy's stand-in in the film.
- Udo Kier as Lorenzini, an original character created for the film. He is an amalgamation of Mangiafuoco, The Coachman and The Terrible Dogfish (all three characters appearing in Disney's 1940 film), and serves as the film's main antagonist. His fondness for chili peppers, which give him his somewhat fiery breath, is a homage to Mangiafuoco.
- Bebe Neuwirth as Felinet, a scheming con artist always looking for the next profit. Her name is an Italian world for "Cat". She and Volpe are based on the Fox and the Cat from the original novel.
- Rob Schneider as Volpe, Felinet's dimwitted partner. His name is the Italian word for "Fox". He and Felinet are based on the Fox and the Cat from the original novel.
- Corey Carrier as Lampwick. Unlike in the book and the 1940 Disney version, Lampwick truly becomes Pinocchio's best friend, and affectionately calls him "Woody" even after they have both become real boys.
- Dawn French as the Baker's Wife. Though she does more damage to her shop than Pinocchio, she sways the court judge to rule in her favour.
- Richard Claxton as Saleo, Lampwick's companion and friend who kicks Pinocchio in class at school. He is turned into a donkey, along with Lampwick and another boy (Joe Swash), after drinking cursed water on Terra Magica's roller coaster and eventually returns to normal along with all of the other changed boys by reforming in the end.
- John Sessions as the Professor, an irritable teacher who Pinocchio inadvertently annoys while attending one of his classes.
- Jerry Hadley as the Judge, a court official who threatens to send Geppetto to a debtors' prison for Pinocchio's irresponsible behavior.
- Jean-Claude Dreyfus as the Foreman
Nearly ten years before the film was eventually made, Director Steve Barron and Jim Henson were considering the idea of a live-action version of Pinocchio. They approached Disney with this idea, but Disney turned down the project. Years later, producer Peter Locke sent Barron a script for a film based on the Carlo Collodi novel. Barron heavily rewrote the script. The project then finally got off the ground.
It was shot in Croatia, Prague, Český Krumlov, and High Force. For the character of Pinocchio, a complex animatronic puppet created by Jim Henson's Creature Shop was used with stop-motion. Pepe, the talking cricket, is computer-animated. One of the biggest changes in the filming was replacing Wallace Shawn, with David Doyle as the voice of Pepe the talking cricket. However Shawn's voice as Pepe can still be heard in the trailer for the film and he is even credited in the trailer.
The Adventures of Pinocchio was made on a budget of $25 million. The film had a poor performance in the United States, opening at #8 on its first week, then grossing $15,094,530 at the box office. It eventually recouped its budget overseas, with an additional $21,3 million, bringing the total gross at $36,394,530.
Critically, the film received a "rotten" 27% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. On the television review series Siskel & Ebert, Roger Ebert was disappointed with the film, while Gene Siskel praised the special effects. He remarked that he believed the film is a faithful adaptation of the book, as opposed to Disney's interpretation which strayed significantly from the book. 
In her seminar "The Persistent Puppet: Pinocchio's Heirs in Contemporary Fiction and Film," Rebecca West finds the film to be relatively faithful to the original novel, although she notes major differences such as the replacement of the Blue Fairy by the character of Leona.
|The Adventures of Pinocchio: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Stevie Wonder, Brian May, Sissel (songs) and Rachel Portman (score)|
|Released||July 26, 1996|
|1.||"II Colosso"||Brian May, Lee Holdridge||Jerry Hadley, Sissel Kyrkjebø, Brian May, Just William||7:36|
|2.||"Luigi's Welcome"||Spencer Proffer, David Goldsmith (lyricist), Holdridge||Jerry Hadley||2:33|
|3.||"All for One"||Craig Taubman||The Morling School Ensemble with Jonathan Shell||2:27|
|4.||"Kiss Lonely Good-Bye (with orchestra)"||Stevie Wonder||Stevie Wonder||4:39|
|5.||"Hold On to Your Dream (with orchestra)"||Wonder||Wonder||4:21|
|6.||"Theme from Pinocchio"||Rachel Portman||7:17|
|9.||"Pinnocchio Becomes a Real Boy"||Portman||5:10|
|10.||"Kiss Lonely Good-Bye (Harmonica with orchestra)"||Wonder||Wonder||4:39|
|11.||"Pinocchio's Evolution"||Wonder||Geppetto's Workshop||3:46|
|12.||"What Are We Made Of"||May||May, Sissel||3:41|
|13.||"Hold On to Your Dream"||Wonder||Wonder||6:00|
|14.||"Kiss Lonely Good-Bye"||Wonder||Wonder||5:02|
A straight-to-video sequel was released in 1999 called The New Adventures of Pinocchio. Landau reprised his role as Geppetto, while Kier was recast as Lorenzini's estranged wife, Madame Flambeau (they were the only two actors to return in the film). Gabriel Thomson played the title role and replaced Jonathan Taylor Thomas. It was shot in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg.
- "The Adventures of Pinocchio (1996)". British Film Institute. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- "Siskel & Ebert - The Adventures Of Pinocchio (1996)". At the Movies (U.S. TV series). YouTube. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- West, Rebecca. "The Persistent Puppet: Pinocchio's Heirs in Contemporary Fiction and Film". Fathom Archive. The University of Chicago Library: Digital Collections. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
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- The Adventures of Pinocchio at the Internet Movie Database
- The Adventures of Pinocchio at Rotten Tomatoes
- The Adventures of Pinocchio at AllRovi