The Chicago Lincoln
|Material||Bronze sculpture with a polished pink granite base|
|Dimensions||400 cm × 150 cm × 170 cm (156 in × 58 in × 68 in)|
|Location||Lincoln Square, Chicago|
The Chicago Lincoln is a statue of a standing, beardless Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln Square Chicago. The statue was designed by Lloyd Ostendorf for a city contest and built by sculptor Avard Fairbanks, and erected on October 16, 1956.
The statue displays Lincoln as he appeared when visiting Chicago for various speeches and events such as the River and Harbor Convention or when meeting Vice President Hannibal Hamlin to discuss the organization of his Cabinet. The sculpture of Lincoln is intended to symbolize liberty, and shows Lincoln holding a set of books and his stovepipe hat in his left hand while his right hand is resting on a podium. On the pedestal's southern face, the inscription reads:
|FREE SOCIETY IS NOT, AND|
|SHALL NOT BE A FAILURE.|
|Chicago Dec. 10, 1856|
The idea for a statue was first proposed by Alderman John Hoellen in 1951 as a memorial to Abraham Lincoln. This proposal was later submitted as a bill to the Illinois General Assembly and signed by Governor William Stratton. The proposal created a committee to plan how the structure was to be created. The committee decided to organize a nationwide contest, allowing individuals to submit designs and ideas for the new statue. A collector of Lincoln images, Lloyd Ostendorf, was declared the winner; Ostendorf won a $500 prize for his submitted sketch of Lincoln without his beard and standing up. The statue was sculpted by Avard Fairbanks at a cost of $35,000.
The statue was originally placed in the street at the intersections of Lincoln, Lawrence, and Western Avenues in a triangular traffic island. However, the three-street intersection coupled with its heavy traffic load and the statue's presence was problematic, and made it among Chicago's three most dangerous intersections: in 1975 alone, the intersection accounted for 109 automobile accidents. Late in 1978 or early in 1979, the statue was moved approximately 50 feet east to its present location, which is at, but no longer in, the redesigned intersection of Lawrence and Western Avenues: it now sits in front of a local Walgreens.
In 1992, the statue was considered to be urgently in need of treatment after an assessment from the Smithsonian Institution. It was later treated and restored in 1996 to celebrate the 40th anniversary of its unveiling.
Fairbanks, the sculptor, reported that he initially created a sketch followed by small, clay model of the statue before starting on the full-size statue. The clay used on the final statue originated from Illinois. To prepare the full-size statue, an armature using wood, wire mesh, and an iron rod was constructed to keep the statue upright while it was being created. Fairbanks built the statue anatomically at first, and then moved to add clothing and worked on the extremities toward the end of his work. The podium in the statue was planned based on Fairbanks' review of common photographs of Lincoln during his presidential campaign.
- "The Chicago Lincoln, (sculpture)". Art Inventories Catalog. Smithsonian Institutution Research Information System (SIRIS). Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- B., Mona. "The Beardless Lincoln and why he was moved". Lincoln Square / Ravenswood Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "LINCOLN STATUE Lincoln Square". Goethe-Institut. Archived from the original on 9 September 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Sandburg, Carl. (1926). Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years. Harcourt, Brace & Company. p. 14. OCLC 6579822.
- Fairbanks, Avard Tennyson (2002). Eugene F. Fairbanks, ed. Abraham Lincoln Sculpture Created by Avard T. Fairbanks. Fairbanks Art and Books. p. 60. ISBN 0972584102.
- Fairbanks 2002, p. 62.