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|Also known as||The El-Rays, The Mighty Dells|
|Origin||Harvey, Illinois, U.S.|
|Genres||R&B, doo-wop, soul|
|Labels||Cadet/Chess, Vee-Jay, Mercury, ABC, 20th Century Fox, Ichiban, Virgin, Philadelphia International, Volt|
|Past members||Marvin Junior (deceased)|
Chuck Barksdale (deceased)
Johnny Funches (deceased)
Johnny Carter (deceased)
The Dells were an American R&B vocal group. Formed in high school in 1953 by founding members Marvin Junior, Verne Allison, Johnny Funches, Chuck Barksdale, and Michael and Lucius McGill, under the name the El-Rays. They released their first recording in 1954 and two years later had their first R&B hit with "Oh What a Night". After disbanding due to a near-fatal car crash in 1958, the band reformed in 1960 with Funches being replaced by Johnny Carter. This lineup remained together until Carter's death in 2009. In 2004, The Dells were inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Vocal Group Hall of Fame. The group performed until illness forced longtime lead singer Marvin Junior and bass vocalist Chuck Barksdale into retirement, ending the group's 60-year run.
The Dells grew up in Harvey, Illinois, and began singing together while attending Thornton Township High School. Forming in 1952 under the name the El-Rays, the group initially consisted of Marvin Junior, Michael McGill, Lucius McGill, Verne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, and Johnny Funches. Lucius McGill soon left the group and the remaining quintet signed with Checker Records, releasing their first single, "Darling I Know", which flopped.
In 1955, the group renamed themselves the Dells and signed with Vee-Jay Records. In 1956, they recorded their first hit, "Oh, What a Night" (a song co-written by Johnny Funches, who also sang lead on the recording alongside Marvin Junior), which hit the top 5 of the R&B singles chart. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. The song is ranked No. 260 on the Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. In November 1958, the Dells suffered a car accident that left McGill in a hospital in Ohio for six months. The group temporarily disbanded and Barksdale sang as a member of Harvey Fuqua's spinoff Moonglows act, Harvey and the Moonglows, which included a young Marvin Gaye. In 1961, the Dells reunited and auditioned for Dinah Washington. After Washington agreed to hire them, Johnny Funches left the group to take care of his family. Funches was replaced by Flamingos founding member Johnny Carter and sang background for Washington for two years. In 1966, they were hired to open for Ray Charles, only to be fired after a performance resulted in several standing ovations. The group would also sing background for Barbara Lewis, mainly on Lewis' 1963 hit, "Hello Stranger", while also working with Quincy Jones, who helped to fine-tune their vocals for standards and jazz material.
In 1966, the Dells returned to Chess under the label's Cadet subsidiary working with Bobby Miller and future Earth, Wind & Fire arranger Charles Stepney. In 1967, the Dells issued the album There Is which included their first R&B chart-topper in years with the title track, which showcased the sharp baritone of Marvin Junior and the harmonies with the four other Dells. The song was also their first top 20 pop hit.
Subsequent R&B hits included "Wear It on Our Face", "Always Together" (top 20 pop), "I Can Sing a Rainbow - Love is Blue (medley)" (UK No. 15), and their first No. 1 R&B hit and first top ten pop hit, 1968's "Stay in My Corner", which reached No. 10 on the pop chart and showcased both Carter and Marvin in lead vocals. In the following year, 1969, The Dells' soulful remake of their debut hit, "Oh What a Night" gave the group their second chart-topping R&B single and also reached the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100. For a second time, the song sold over a million copies. Subsequent hits included "Open Up My Heart", "Oh What a Day", and "On the Dock of the Bay". In 1971, the Dells' "The Love We Had Stays on My Mind" became another top ten hit on the R&B chart, also reaching the pop top 30. By this time Charles Stepney had taken over production duties from Bobby Miller. 1973's "Give Your Baby a Standing Ovation" was their third certified gold record. The song was written by L.V. Johnson and produced by Don Davis.
Leaving Cadet around the end of 1974 with the parent company in financial difficulties, the group would continue recording in order under the Mercury, ABC, and Virgin labels finding some hits, including 1980's "I Touched a Dream", which returned the group to the top 40 on the R&B chart. The Dells were confined mostly to the oldies market afterwards until they were asked to be creative consultants to Robert Townsend's acclaimed 1991 film, The Five Heartbeats, which was loosely based on the lives of The Dells and other groups of its era. The group recorded a composition titled "A Heart Is a House for Love". The song reached number 13 on the Billboard R&B chart, making them only one of two groups to have hit singles in five decades. The following year, signing with PIR, they released the album, I Salute You. The Dells continued performing and recording sporadically in the early years of the new millennium. In 2004, the group were inducted to both the Vocal Group Hall of Fame and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The group continued performing until 2012.
Original Dells vocalist Johnny Funches died of pneumonia on January 23, 1998, at the age of 62.
Johnny Carter died of cancer on August 21, 2009, at the age of 75. Carter is one of the few artists to be a double Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee, having been inducted with The Flamingos in 2001, and the Dells in 2004.
Chuck Barksdale died on May 15, 2019, at the age of 84.
- Marvin Junior (born Marvin Curtis Junior, January 31, 1936, Harrell, Arkansas – May 29, 2013) - lead baritone, lead vocals (1952-1958, 1960–2012)
- Verne Allison (b. June 22, 1936, Chicago) - second tenor, background vocals (1952-1958, 1960-2012)
- Michael McGill (b. February 17, 1937, Chicago) - baritone, background vocals (1952–1958, 1960-2012)
- Chuck Barksdale (born Charles Barksdale, January 11, 1935 – May 15, 2019) - bass, background vocals (1952–1958, 1960-2012)
- Johnny Funches (July 18, 1935, Chicago – January 23, 1998) - first tenor, lead vocals (1952–58, 1960-1961)
- Lucius McGill (b. 1935, Chicago) - second tenor, background vocals (1952–54)
- Johnny Carter (June 2, 1934, Chicago – August 21, 2009) - first tenor/falsetto, lead vocals (1961–2009)
- Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (Inducted 2004)
- Vocal Group Hall of Fame (Inducted 2004)
- Rhythm & Blues Foundation "Pioneer Award" (Awarded 1992)
- NAACP Image Award - Hall of Fame Award (Awarded 1992)
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. p. 361. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- Steve Huey. "The Dells | Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- "The Dells". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
The Dells were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2004, the same year they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- "The Dells". The Vocal Group Hall of Fame. Vocal Group Hall of Fame Foundation. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
- "Johnny Funches (The Dells)". Rockabillyeurope.com. Archived from the original on September 8, 2006. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 81, 258 & 327. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Cartwright, Garth (2009). More Miles Than Money: Journeys Through American Music. Profile Books. p. 337. ISBN 978-1-84765-298-0.
'Then we played Carnegie Hall and got like five standing ovations. So Ray's manager came round to our dressing room and said, "Listen, there's only room for one star in this show and that's Ray Charles. Where you want us to drop you off at?"'
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 150. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- Wynn, Ron. "L.V. Johnson". AllMusic. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
- "The Five Heartbeats : Overview". Archived from the original on July 30, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
Loosely based on the life and times of several R&B; artists (The Dells, The Temptations, Frankie Lymon, Sam Cooke and others) The Five Heartbeats traces the rise and fall of a popular African-American 1950s singing aggregation
- Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 2009 July to December". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
- "'Oh What a Night' singer Marvin Junior dies at 77". Abclocal.go.com. May 29, 2013. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- O'Donnell, Maureen (May 15, 2019). "Charles "Chuck" Barksdale, bass singer for The Dells, dies at 84". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on May 15, 2019. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- Terence McArdle (June 4, 2013). "Marvin Junior, founding member of doo-wop group Dells, dies at 77". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
- "HR0020 90th General Assembly". www.ilga.gov. Retrieved December 19, 2021.
- The Dells official website
- The Dells Marvin Junior Lead Singer of The Dells Official Obituary Website
- "The Dells". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- The Dells at Vocal Group Hall of Fame
- An interview with Michael McGill in June 2012 at Soul Express
- Many comments from Marvin Junior along his career at Soul Express
- A tribute to Chuck Barksdale in Soul Express