The Frog Prince

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from The Frog Prince (story))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Frog Prince
GmimmTheFrogPrince.gif
The Frog Prince by Paul Friedrich Meyerheim (1889)
Folk tale
Name The Frog Prince
Also known as The Frog Prince; or, Iron Henry
Data
Aarne-Thompson grouping AT 440 ("The Frog King")
Country Roman
The frog asks to be allowed to come into the castle - Illustration for "The Frog Prince" by Walter Crane 1874

Prince; or, Iron Henry" (German: Der Froschkönig oder der eiserne Heinrich, literally "The Frog King; or, The Iron Heinrich") is a fairy tale, best known through the Brothers Grimm's written version; traditionally it is the first story in their collection.

Origins[edit]

Although the story is best known today through the Grimm Brothers' rendition of it, parts of it may extend back until at least Roman times; a version of the story is apparently referred to in Petronius's Satyricon, in which the character Trimalchio remarks that, "qui fuit rana nunc est rex" ("The man who was once a frog is now a king.").[1] Other scholars, however, argue that this may actually be a jab at the emperor Nero, who was often mockingly compared to a frog.[2]

Plot[edit]

In the tale, a spoiled princess reluctantly befriends the Frog Prince (meeting him after dropping a gold ball into a pond), who magically transforms into a handsome prince. Although in modern versions the transformation is invariably triggered by the princess kissing the frog, in the original Grimm version of the story the frog's spell was broken when the princess threw it against a wall in disgust.[3]

In other early versions it was sufficient for the frog to spend the night on the princess' pillow.[citation needed]

The frog prince also has a loyal servant named Henry (or Harry) who had three iron bands affixed around his heart to prevent it from breaking in his sadness over his master's curse, but when the prince was reverted to his human form Henry's overwhelming happiness caused all three bands to break, freeing his heart from its bonds.[4]

A Russian folk version “Tsarevna Lyagushka” (The Frog Princess) has the male and female roles reversed: the male prince Ivan Tsarevich discovers the enchanted female frog who becomes Vasilisa the Wise, a female sorceress.

Similar folktales[edit]

It is Aarne–Thompson type 440.[5] Other folktales similar to the Frog Prince are:

  1. "The Frog Prince". The first English translation of the above tale. Edgar Taylor, the translator, not only changed the title, but altered the ending in a substantial and interesting manner.[6]
  2. "The Wonderful Frog" (W. Henry Jones and Lewis L. Kropf, Hungary).[7]
  3. "The Tale of the Queen Who Sought a Drink From a Certain Well" (J. F. Campbell, Scotland).
  4. "The Well of the World's End"
  5. "The Paddo" (Robert Chambers, Scotland).
  6. "The Maiden and the Frog" (James Orchard Halliwell-Phillipps, England).
  7. "The Kind Stepdaughter and the Frog" (W. Henry Jones and Lewis L. Kropf, England).
  8. "The Frog Prince" (H. Parker, Sri Lanka).
  9. "A Frog for a Husband" (William Elliot Griffis, Korea).
  10. "The Toad Bridegroom" (Zong In-Sob, Korea).

Modern Media[edit]

  • The Frog (1908), directed by Segundo de Chomón, is the first film adaptation of "The Frog Prince".[8]
  • Stevie Smith's poem "The Frog Prince" (1966) suggests the thoughts of the prince as he waits for disenchantment.[9]
  • Anne Sexton wrote an adaptation as a poem called "The Frog Prince" in her collection Transformations (1971), a book in which she re-envisions sixteen of the Grimms' fairy tales.[10]
  • "The Tale of the Frog Prince" was the first story presented by Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre in 1982, with Robin Williams as the witty Frog Prince and Teri Garr as the vain princess.
  • Robin McKinley's collection of short stories The Door in the Hedge contains a version of the tale, entitled "The Princess and the Frog".
  • The Frog Prince is a 1986 film starring John Paragon and Aileen Quinn.
  • "The Frog Prince" was one of the fairy tales featured in Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics in its Grimm Masterpiece Theater season (1987).
  • In the second episode of Adventures from the Book of Virtues (1996), Plato the Bison and Annie try to convince their friend Zach to tell his father the truth by telling him three stories, including one about "The Frog Prince." In this version, the title character was transformed into a frog for lying to a witch and breaking his promise. He is voiced by Jeff Bennett while the princess is voiced by Paige O'Hara.
  • Prince Charming is a 2001 Film adaptation of the fairytale,starring Martin Short, Christina Applegate and Sean Maguire as the title character.As well as explaining how and why the titular Prince is transformed (as punishment for breaching a marital contract between kingdoms through adultery), unique to this story is the idea that the Conditions of the spell Meant that he would "remain"(i.e. live) as a frog until such time as a maiden broke his spell, which gave him extreme longevity and caused him to live for 500 years longer than he should have, Which accounts for the modern setting of the movie.
  • A musical version of The Frog Prince, written by Dieter Stegmann and Alexander S. Bermange, was presented at the Amphitheater Park Schloss Philippsruhe, Hanau, Germany as part of the Brothers Grimm Festival in 2005.[citation needed]
  • A chamber opera for children based upon The Frog Prince, written by Jacob A. Greenberg for Brown Opera Productions and the Providence Athenaeum, was performed in 2008.[11]
  • The Princess and the Frog, a 2009 Disney animated film, is loosely based on the 2002 novel The Frog Princess by E. D. Baker, which in turn was inspired by "The Frog Prince." The film starred Anika Noni Rose and Bruno Campos and was directed by Ron Clements and John Musker. The Frog Prince story itself is mentioned several times in the film, being read to Princess Tiana as a child and inspiring the spoiled Prince Naveen (who has been transformed into a frog) to suggest Tiana kiss him to break his spell. However, the kiss fails, turning her into a frog as well.
  • Linda Medley's graphic novel Castle Waiting contains a character named Iron Henry or Iron Heinrich, who has 3 iron bands around his heart to repair the heartbreak he suffered when his son died of a fearful curse.

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Anderson, Graham (2002). Fairytale in the ancient world. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-23702-4. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Brenck, Frederick A. (1998). Relighting the Souls: Studies in Plutarch, in Greek Literature, Religion, and Philosophy and in the New Testament Background. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 134. ISBN 3-515-07158-X. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Heidi Anne Heiner,"The Annotated Frog King"
  4. ^ Lily Owens, ed. (1981). The Complete Brothers Grimm Fairy Tales. p.3. Avenel Books. ISBN 0-517-336316
  5. ^ D. L. Ashliman, "Frog Kings: folktales of Aarne–Thompson–Uther type 440 about slimy suitors"
  6. ^ Works related to The Frog Prince at Wikisource
  7. ^ Works related to The Wonderful Frog at Wikisource
  8. ^ The Frog on IMDb
  9. ^ From her collection The Frog Prince and Other Poems, 1966 – also appears in Stevie Smith: A Selection, 1983.
  10. ^ "Transformations by Anne Sexton"
  11. ^ Events at Brown University (2008), Rhode Island State Council on the Arts. Accessed March 26, 2017.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]