The Intruder (1962 film)
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|Directed by||Roger Corman|
|Produced by||Gene Corman|
|Written by||Charles Beaumont|
|Music by||Herman Stein|
|Edited by||Ronald Sinclair|
|Distributed by||Pathé-America Distribution Co.|
The Intruder is a 1962 American film directed and co-produced by Roger Corman and starring William Shatner. It is adapted from a 1959 novel by Charles Beaumont. The story depicts the machinations of a racist named Adam Cramer (portrayed by Shatner), who arrives in the fictitious small Southern town of Caxton in order to incite white townspeople to racial violence against black townspeople and court-ordered school integration.
The film is also known under its US reissue titles as I Hate Your Guts! and Shame, and The Stranger in the UK release.
In the early 1960s, Adam Cramer arrives in the small Southern town of Caxton with an agenda that soon becomes clear. Caxton's "whites only" high school is about to undergo forced desegregation and admit black students due to a court order, and Cramer, purportedly working on behalf of an organization called The Patrick Henry Society, is a racist working to incite the white townspeople to strongly and possibly violently resist the desegregation. Although Cramer is not from the area or even from the South (shown by his lack of a Southern accent), he quickly charms most of the people he meets, presenting himself as a confident, smooth-talking, well-mannered gentleman. He quickly convinces wealthy landowner Verne Shipman to back him, and seduces Ella, the pretty teenage daughter of the local newspaper editor Tom McDaniel.
The white locals are not happy about having black students attend the "white school", but prior to Cramer's arrival, most were prepared to grudgingly comply with the law. However, after Cramer, with Shipman's help, makes an inflammatory speech in front of the town hall and organizes a cross burning in the black neighborhood, the whites are moved to violence, first threatening a black family who happen to be driving through town after Cramer's speech, and then blowing up the local black church, killing the preacher. After the church bombing, Cramer is jailed, but the locals join together to get him quickly released.
Apart from his racist rabblerousing, Cramer also seduces Vi, the emotionally unstable wife of traveling salesman Sam Griffin, Cramer's next door neighbor at the Caxton hotel. Vi, ashamed of her lapse, leaves Griffin, who figures out what happened and comes after Cramer with Cramer's own gun. The terrified Cramer's confident facade crumbles for the first time; when he manages to get the gun and point it back at Griffin, he is too weak to pull the trigger, and Griffin reveals that he already removed the bullets from the gun before the confrontation. Griffin predicts that Cramer will soon lose control of the racially charged tensions that he has ignited in the town.
McDaniel, after seeing Cramer in action, realizes that his own sympathies are with the blacks and feels compelled to stand with them against the racists. After the preacher is killed, the families of the black students hesitate to send their children back to the white high school for fear of more violence, but McDaniel encourages them, and walks the students to school himself through the town past the disapproving glares of other white townspeople. After the students enter the school, several townspeople confront and severely beat McDaniel, causing him to be hospitalized with broken ribs, internal injuries and the loss of his eye. Cramer secretly meets with Ella, who is upset and worried about her father, and convinces her that the townspeople are planning to kill her father and that the only way to save him is for Ella to do what Cramer says.
Ella, following Cramer's directions, lures her black classmate Joey Green to a storage room on the pretext of helping her get some heavy boxes from a high shelf. She then screams and falsely accuses him of attempting to rape her. Joey denies it, and the principal believes him, but also knows that most people will believe Ella. An angry mob led by Cramer and Shipman forms in front of the school. Joey, rather than escape out the back door with the principal and attempt to reach the safety of the sheriff's office, insists on going out to confront the mob. Shipman beats Joey and the mob begins to lynch him on the school playground swing set. Suddenly Griffin appears with Ella, who confesses that she lied at Cramer's instigation in order to save her father's life. In front of the mob, Ella apologizes to Joey, telling him that Cramer said he would not be harmed and would only be expelled from the white school. Realizing that they have been manipulated by Cramer, the townspeople slowly walk away, ignoring Cramer's exhortations, until only he and Griffin are left on the empty playground. Griffin tells Cramer that his "work" in Caxton is finished and that he should catch the next bus out of town.
- William Shatner as Adam Cramer
- Frank Maxwell as Tom McDaniel
- Beverly Lunsford as Ella McDaniel
- Robert Emhardt as Verne Shipman
- Leo Gordon as Sam Griffin
- Charles Barnes as Joey Greene
- Charles Beaumont as Mr. Paton
- Katherine Smith as Ruth McDaniel
- George Clayton Johnson as Phil West
- William F. Nolan as Bart Carey (credited as William Nolan)
- Jeanne Cooper as Vi Griffin
- Phoebe Rowe as Mrs. Lambert
The film's cast features a number of writers. Charles Beaumont, George Clayton Johnson and William F. Nolan were all working screenwriters and novelists; all three of them make their only acting appearance in a feature film in The Intruder. Leo Gordon was also an established screenwriter, writing several novels and films, and over 50 teleplays for various shows, while maintaining a concurrent acting career. Star William Shatner would, years later, also write numerous novels and memoirs.
The novel was published in 1958 and film rights were optioned by Seven Arts. They were unable to get the project off the ground, and Corman bought the rights in 1960. He tried to get the film made with producer Edward Small for United Artists but Small pulled out. He then envisioned the film costing $500,000 and starring Tony Randall. However, he was unable to raise enough money, with the movie being turned down by UA, Allied Artists and AIP. Corman managed to raise some funds from Pathé Labs, with Corman and his brother Gene putting in the balance. Gene Corman later said:
We put our hearts, our souls – and what few people do – our money into this picture. Everybody asked us 'Why would you make this picture?' as if to say why try to do something you believe in when everything else is so profitable. Obviously we did it because we wanted to, and we think it's a damn good job.
It was shot in black and white over three and a half weeks on location in southeast Missouri. Some of the production took place in East Prairie, Charleston and Sikeston. Corman presented a watered-down version of the script to the townspeople, but they still did not like it. Before it was finished, local people objected to the film's portrayal of racism and segregation.
In an interview in 2006, Roger Corman explained how he filmed William Shatner's racist speech with a crowd of town's people present:
"When we did this scene we needed a crowd, so we announced on the local radio station that we were going to shoot a meeting at the town hall. And I knew from experience that people come out to see a picture shoot, because they’re interested, but then they find out how long it takes to set up the camera between shots and so forth and then they start drifting away. So my first shots were the big reaction shots, because I knew we would have a smaller crowd later on. Bill was doing the speech, but not every single line. It wasn’t until three or four in the morning that we reversed the camera on Bill and he did his whole speech. By that time his voice had become a little bit hoarse, but I thought it actually added something to his performance."
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The movie received good reviews but encountered difficulty obtaining release. Pathé released it in New York, but eventually pulled out and the Corman brothers took over distributing the movie themselves. It had a budget of only $90,000.
In an interview Roger Corman explained why he thinks the movie failed to find an audience:
"I think it failed for two reasons. One: the audience at that time, the early sixties, simply didn’t want to see a picture about racial integration. Two: it was more of a lecture. From that moment on I thought my films should be entertainment on the surface and I should deliver any theme or idea or concept beneath the surface."
- SEIDENBAUM, A. (Mar 23, 1963). "CHAINED BY TIMIDITY". Los Angeles Times. ProQuest 168300813.
- Mark McGee (1996). "'Faster and Furiouser: The Revised and Fattened Fable of American International Pictures". McFarland. pp. 187–189.
- "FILMLAND EVENTS: CORMAN HAS ACQUIRED RIGHTS TO 'INTRUDER'". Los Angeles Times. Jan 4, 1960. p. C15.
- Todd McCarthy (Feb 5, 1978). "Movies: A Swarm of B's From Roger Corman Corman Festival". Los Angeles Times. p. m31.
- Roger Corman & Jim Jerome, How I Made a Hundred Movies in Hollywood and Never lost a Dime, Muller, 1990 p 98
- SEIDENBAUM, ART (Mar 23, 1963). "CHAINED BY TIMIDITY: 'The Intruder' Seeks Release". Los Angeles Times. p. A7.
- 'Remembering The Intruder,' featurette with accompanying the DVD Special Edition https://m.imdb.com/title/tt0055019
- "Roger Corman interview (2)". THE FLASHBACK FILES. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
- Dixon, Wheeler Winston (August 2005) "Roger Corman" Senses of Cinema from Web Archive