|Prime Minister of Romania|
1 October 1991 – 19 November 1992
|Preceded by||Petre Roman|
|Succeeded by||Nicolae Văcăroiu|
|Member of the European Parliament for Romania|
10 December 2007 – 1 July 2019
|Minister of Public Finance|
28 June 1990 – 30 April 1991
|Prime Minister||Petre Roman|
|Preceded by||Ion Pățan|
|Succeeded by||Eugen Dijmărescu|
|Leader of the National Liberal Party|
24 August 2002 – 2 October 2004
|Preceded by||Valeriu Stoica|
|Succeeded by||Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu|
|Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party|
31 March 2007 – 15 December 2007
|Succeeded by||Emil Boc (merged into the Democratic Liberal Party)|
|Born||24 October 1943|
|Political party||National Liberal Party |
European People's Party (2007–present)
|Romanian Communist Party (before 1989) |
National Salvation Front (1989–1993)
Liberal Democratic Party (2006–2007)
Democratic Liberal Party (2007–2014)
|Alma mater||Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies (ASE)|
Theodor Dumitru Stolojan (Romanian pronunciation: [teˈodor stoloˈʒan]; born 24 October 1943) is a Romanian politician who was Prime Minister of Romania from September 1991 to November 1992. An economist by training, he was also one of the presidents of the National Liberal Party (PNL) before being the founding leader of the Liberal Democratic Party (PLD) and then the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL). He was a Member of the European Parliament for Romania, representing the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) and then the National Liberal Party (PNL; both EPP-ED-affiliated).
Before the Romanian Revolution he worked at the Committee for State Planning, together with Nicolae Văcăroiu, who was President of the Senate between 20 December 2000 and 14 October 2008.
During the rule of Nicolae Ceauşescu he worked at the Ministry of Finances between 1972 and 1977 as an economist in the State Budget Department, then between 1978 and 1982 as Chief of Accountancy of State Budget and then as deputy director of the Department for Foreign Exchange and International Financial Relations until the Romanian Revolution.
He was the Prime minister of Romania from September 1991 to November 1992, then worked for the World Bank and for a Romanian private company. In 1992, the Stolojan government began an austerity plan, limiting wages and further liberalising prices. The economic situation deteriorated and inflation as well as unemployment increased substantially.
In 2000, he re-entered politics as a member of the National Liberal Party (PNL); he ran for the presidency of Romania in the November 2000 elections, but came in third, behind Ion Iliescu and Corneliu Vadim Tudor. He was named president of the PNL in August 2002.
In 2003, his party approached the Democratic Party leader Traian Băsescu, at that time the mayor of Bucharest, and initiated an alliance named "D.A. - Dreptate şi Adevăr" (Justice and Truth Alliance). In February 2004, he was chosen as the alliance's candidate in the Romanian presidential election of November 2004.
On 2 October 2004, Stolojan surprisingly stepped down from the leadership of the PNL and also withdrew from the presidential race. He cited serious health problems as a reason for his decision. Stolojan became a senior advisor to Băsescu after the latter was inaugurated as president on 20 December 2004.
On 10 October 2006, Stolojan was expelled from the PNL, and in December he formed a new party, the Liberal Democrats (PLD), whose president he was elected at the first PLD congress on 31 March 2007. In January 2008, the PLD merged with the Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party (PDL), of which Stolojan was then a member.
The PDL won the most seats in the 2008 election, and on 10 December 2008, Stolojan was designated prime minister of Romania by President Traian Băsescu. Five days later, he withdrew his acceptance, saying he was stepping down in favour of a younger candidate; Emil Boc was then selected.
He and his wife Elena have a son, Vlad Stolojan, and a daughter, Ada Palea.
|Election||Affiliation||First round||Second round|
- ^ (in Romanian) Văcăroiu, un funcţionar de la Comitetul Planificării comuniste, schimbă destinul României (Văcăroiu, A Clerk of the Communist Committee of State Planning, Changes the Destiny of Romania Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, in Evenimentul Zilei, April 20, 2007
- ^ "Debt Halved, Romania Says", November 26, 1986, New York Times
- ^ Roper, p. 93.
- ^ "Stolojan a fost exclus din PNL Archived 2007-08-12 at the Wayback Machine", Ziua, 11 October 2006.
- ^ "Surprise nominee for Romania's PM". December 15, 2008 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- 1943 births
- Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies alumni
- Candidates for President of Romania
- Chairpersons of the National Liberal Party (Romania)
- Democratic Liberal Party (Romania) MEPs
- Living people
- MEPs for Romania 2007–2009
- MEPs for Romania 2009–2014
- People from Târgoviște
- Prime Ministers of Romania
- Romanian economists
- Romanian Ministers of Finance
- Members of the Romanian Orthodox Church
- Romanian presidential advisors
- MEPs for Romania 2014–2019
- National Salvation Front (Romania) politicians
- Romanian Communist Party politicians