Third Orbán Government

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Third Orbán Government
Flag of Hungary.svg
71st cabinet of Hungary
Incumbent
Orban Viktor Portrait.jpg
Date formed 6 June 2014
Date dissolved 18 May 2018
People and organisations
Head of state János Áder
Head of government Viktor Orbán
Deputy head of government Zsolt Semjén
Member party Fidesz, KDNP
Status in legislature Coalition
Opposition party MSZP, Jobbik, LMP
Opposition leader Gyula Molnár, Gábor Vona
History
Election(s) 6 April 2014
Predecessor Orbán II
Successor Orbán IV

The third government of Viktor Orbán was the Government of Hungary between 6 June 2014 and 18 May 2018. Prime Minister Viktor Orbán formed his third cabinet, after his party Fidesz and its coalition partner Christian Democratic People's Party (KDNP) altogether won a two-thirds majority in the 2014 parliamentary election.

Party breakdown[edit]

Party breakdown of cabinet ministers:

7
3
3

List of Ministers[edit]

Current Cabinet[edit]

Following the 2014 parliamentary election, Fidesz–KDNP gained 133 seats in the National Assembly. The government majority of the parliament elected Viktor Orbán as a fully-fledged prime minister on 10 May, but his third cabinet formed only 6 June.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs transformed into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, while the Ministry of Rural Development and the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice were renamed to Ministry of Agriculture and Ministry of Justice, respectively. On 17 October 2015, the Ministry of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office established. Two ministers without portfolio were appointed in May 2017 and October 2017.

Office Image Incumbent Political party In office
Prime Minister Viktor Orbán 2016-02-17.jpg Viktor Orbán Fidesz 10 May 2014 – 10 May 2018
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister without portfolio for National Politics
SemjenZsoltFotoThalerTamas.JPG Zsolt Semjén KDNP 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of the Prime Minister’s Office Lázár János 2 cropped.jpg János Lázár Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office Rogán Antal EPP (crop).jpg Antal Rogán Fidesz 17 October 2015 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Navracsics Tibor Portrait.jpg Tibor Navracsics Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 13 September 2014
Péter Szijjártó (cropped).jpg Péter Szijjártó Fidesz 23 September 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Interior Pinter Sandor Portrait.jpg Sándor Pintér Independent 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Justice Trócsányi László EU2016 SK.jpg László Trócsányi Independent 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of National Economy Varga Mihály cropped.jpg Mihály Varga Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Human Resources BalogZoltanFotoThalerTamas (crop).JPG Zoltán Balog Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of National Development Seszták Miklós miniszter.jpg Miklós Seszták KDNP 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Agriculture Fazekas Sandor Portrait.jpg Sándor Fazekas Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 18 May 2018
Minister of Defence Hende-Csaba Portrait.jpg Csaba Hende Fidesz 6 June 2014 – 9 September 2015
Doorstep - Informal Defence Ministers Meeting (Informal FAC-defence) 2016-09-27 (29845668792).jpg István Simicskó KDNP 10 September 2015 – 18 May 2018
Minister without Portfolio
responsible for the planning, construction and commissioning
of the two new blocks at Paks Nuclear Power Plant
János Süli Independent 2 May 2017 – 18 May 2018
Minister without Portfolio
responsible for the development of towns with county rights
Kósa Lajos.jpg Lajos Kósa Fidesz 2 October 2017 – 18 May 2018

Policy[edit]

Immigration[edit]

During the 2015 European migrant crisis, Orbán ordered the erection of the Hungary-Serbia barrier to block entry of illegal immigrants[1]

As other Visegrád Group leaders, Orbán also opposes any compulsory EU long-term quota on redistribution of migrants.[2]

On 24 February 2016, Prime Minister Viktor Orbán announced that the Hungarian government would hold a Referendum on whether to accept the European Union's proposed mandatory quotas for relocating migrants.[3] He also said it is "no secret that the Hungarian government refuses migrant quotas" and will be campaigning for "no" votes. Orbán argued the quota system would "redraw Hungary's and Europe's ethnic, cultural and religious identity, which no EU organ has the right to do".[4] On 5 May, after examining the legal challenges, the Supreme Court (Kúria) allowed the holding of the referendum.[5] the No Vote would Win with 3,362,224 or 98.36% of the vote.

Free Sunday[edit]

Fidesz and the Christian Democratic People's Party (Hungary) has supported the restriction on Sunday shopping ("free Sunday", as they called) for a long time, citing Christian values. Parliament voted on the issue on December 14, 2014[6] and the law came into effect on March 15, 2015[7] (a Sunday on which shops would have been closed anyway, the day being a public holiday in Hungary). Public opinion was predominantly against the decision. Three polls done in the spring of 2015 registered an opposition of 64% (Szonda Ipsos), 62% (Medián) 59% (Tárki). By the end of May, according to a poll by Medián, 72% of those polled disliked the new law, even the majority of Fidesz-KDNP voters were against it.[8] Opposition parties and private persons tried to start a public referendum several times. By November 2015 there were 16 such attempts, but none of them were approved, for various bureaucratic reasons,[9] until in early 2016 one of these attempts, intitiated by the Hungarian Socialist Party, was finally successful. The government, rather than being forced to hold the referendum (which could have been interpreted as a huge success for the opposition party, even though the law was opposed by the majority of Fidesz voters too) lifted the ban in April 2016.[10]

References[edit]

General[edit]