Transfiguration Cathedral, Dnipro
The foundation stone was laid on 20 May [O.S. 9 May] 1787 by Catherine II of Russia and Austrian Emperor Joseph II, during Catherine's Crimean journey. The event is described in the memoirs of comte de Ségur.
Prince Grigory Potemkin envisioned the church as one of the spiritual centres of New Russia. Ivan Starov submitted to Potemkin his designs for a Roman-style basilica, but construction was postponed until the end of the Russo-Turkish War.
In the early 19th century, Potemkin's plans were revived and updated by Duc de Richelieu, but construction did not start until 1830. The cathedral was built on a smaller scale than originally planned and was consecrated in 1835. The design is attributed to Andreyan Zakharov, chiefly on the ground of its similarity to Zakharov's cathedral in Kronstadt.
The Eye of Providence on the pediment
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