Tzora

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Tzora
צָרְעָה
Tsora 4.JPG
Tzora is located in Jerusalem, Israel
Tzora
Tzora
Coordinates: 31°45′51.47″N 34°58′1.91″E / 31.7642972°N 34.9671972°E / 31.7642972; 34.9671972Coordinates: 31°45′51.47″N 34°58′1.91″E / 31.7642972°N 34.9671972°E / 31.7642972; 34.9671972
District Jerusalem
Council Mateh Yehuda
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1948
Founded by Former Palmach members
Population (2015)[1] 906
Website www.tzora.co.il

Tzora (Hebrew: צָרְעָה‎) is a kibbutz in central Israel. Located about 20 km from Jerusalem, near the city of Beit Shemesh, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 906.

Etymology[edit]

The kibbutz is named for the biblical village of Tzora,[2] which may have been a Canaanite town.[3] The name was taken from the Biblical Book of Judges (13:25): "And the spirit of the Lord began to move him (Samson) at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol."

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded in December 1948 by former Palmach members. In the 1980s a ham radio club operated under the call 4Z4YJ.[4][5]

In the early 2000s, Tzora underwent a privatization of its communal living structure, with a community tax levied on income and the residual retained as income by members. In April 2008, the kibbutz was fully privatized.

A ritual bath dating back to the Second Temple Period was discovered near Tzora kibbutz during an archaeological excavation conducted by the Israel Antiquities Authority in 2011.[6]

Economy[edit]

One of the main branches of the kibbutz economy was Tzora Furniture Ltd., which began in 1957 as a metal factory. At first, the company produced bicycles, but in 1974 it began to manufacture office chairs, before moving on to a full range of office furniture. However, the factory burned down in July 2007. [7] In 1993, Tzora opened the first kibbutz winery, Tzora Vineyards,[8] which produces 60,000 bottles of wine a year.[9] More recently, Tzora is now home to the Teperberg Winery.[10] Tzora operates a dairy in partnership with Tzova and Netiv HaLamed-Heh.[11] Tzora Active Systems produce advanced lightweight wheelchairs.[12] There is also a large wedding hall, built of tents. These tents, produced in Tzora are now used throughout Israel for weddings.[13]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Waiting for Josiah: the Judges - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  3. ^ The Book of Judges & the Book of ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  4. ^ http://www.cqww.com/cq-ww-ssb-2009-logs/ee2w/ee2w.log
  5. ^ "Callsign 4Z4YJ". Qrz.com. 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  6. ^ Ritual bath dating to the Second Temple Period discovered near Kibbutz Zor'a, 20 October 2011, accessed 13 November 2016
  7. ^ "Tzora". Tzora-global.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  8. ^ "Tzora Vineyards - Israeli Wine and Wineries, Israel tours, Israel Travel Tourism, private tour Israel". Gemsinisrael.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  9. ^ Kibbutz Tzora Winery Best Vintage
  10. ^ Rogov, Daniel (February 10, 2011). "Teperberg 1870: My Annual Visit - With Tasting Notes". 
  11. ^ Mazrier, H; Tal, S; Aizinbud, E; Bargai, U. "A field investigation of the use of the pedometer for the early detection of lameness in cattle". Can Vet J. 47: 883–6. PMC 1555681Freely accessible. PMID 17017653. 
  12. ^ "Tzora Active Systems website". Tzora.com. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  13. ^ Canaan Tents in the Kibbutz Tzora website

External links[edit]