German submarine U-180
|Career (Nazi Germany)|
|Ordered:||28 May 1940|
|Builder:||DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen|
|Laid down:||25 February 1941|
|Launched:||10 December 1941|
|Commissioned:||16 May 1942|
|Fate:||Sunk, 23 August 1944|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Type IXD submarine|
|Displacement:||1,610 t (1,580 long tons) surfaced
1,799 t (1,771 long tons) submerged
|Length:||87.58 m (287 ft 4 in) overall
68.5 m (224 ft 9 in) pressure hull
|Beam:||7.5 m (24 ft 7 in) overall
4.4 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
|Height:||10.2 m (33 ft 6 in)|
|Draft:||5.35 m (17 ft 7 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 × Germaniawerft F46 supercharged 6-cylinder diesel engines, 4,400 PS (4,340 shp; 3,236 kW)
2 × SSW 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors, 1,000 PS (986 shp; 735 kW)
|Speed:||20.8 knots (38.5 km/h; 23.9 mph) surfaced
6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph) submerged
|Range:||12,750 nmi (23,610 km; 14,670 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
213 nmi (394 km; 245 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
|Test depth:||230 m (750 ft)|
|Complement:||55 to 63|
|Part of:||4th U-boat Flotilla
(16 May 1942–31 January 1943)
12th U-boat Flotilla
(1 February–1 November 1943, and 1 April–23 August 1944)
|Identification codes:||M 44 013|
9 February–3 July 1943
20–23 August 1944
|Victories:||Two commercial ships sunk (13,298 GRT)|
German submarine U-180 was a Type IXD1 transport U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine which served in World War II. Her keel was laid down on 25 February 1941 at the DeSchiMAG AG Weser yard in Bremen as yard number 1020. She was launched on 10 December 1941 and commissioned on 16 May 1942 under Fregattenkapitän Werner Musenberg (Crew 25). Stripped of torpedo armament, the Type IXD1s were designated as transport submarines, and could carry up to 252 tonnes of freight. U-180 was used primarily in clandestine operations.
On 18 April U-180 sank the British 8,132 ton tanker Corbis about 500 miles (800 km) east southeast of Port Elizabeth, South Africa. Three days later, on 21 April, the boat made her rendezvous with the Japanese submarine I-29, just east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, and exchanged the two Indians for two Japanese Navy officers, both shipbuilding officers, Captains Emi Tetsushiro and Tomonaga Hideo, who were to study U-boat building techniques upon their arrival in Germany. Bose and Hasan's transfer is the only known record of a civilian transfer between two submarines of two different navies in World War II. Also received were two tonnes of gold ingots as payment from Japan for weapons technology.
During this voyage, U-180 was supplied by U-462 on the way to the exchange. She was supposed to be refueled by U-463 on the way back, but that boat was sunk by the British on 16 May 1943. On 19 June, U-180 was refueled by U-530.
2nd patrol and loss
Under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Rolf Riesen (Crew 38), U-180 sailed from Bordeaux on 20 August 1944 bound for Japan. She was reported sunk off the Bay of Biscay on 23 August 1944, with the loss of all of her 56 crew. The official verdict is "sunk by a mine", however, some experts speculate that trouble with the schnorkel (the underwater breathing and engine operating device), may have been the cause.
|18 April 1943||Corbis||UK||8,132||Sunk|
|3 June 1943||Boris||Greece||5,166||Sunk|
- U-180 is the submarine carrying Nazi party secretary, Martin Bormann, to South America in the Jack Higgins thriller, Thunder Point.
- U-180 is featured in the thriller Spook's Gold by Andrew Wood. The rendezvous on 21 April between U-180 and I-29, as well as an exchange of gold and military goods is a key element of the plot.
- Gröner 1985, p. 114.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXD1 boat U-180". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- "German Transport Boats to the Far East". www.uboataces.com. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Corbis (Motor tanker)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Boris (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Kemp, Paul (1999). U-Boats Destroyed – German Submarine Losses in the World Wars. Arms & Armour. p. 214. ISBN 1-85409-515-3.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-180". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014.
- Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2.
- Gröner, Erich (1985). U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher. Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe 1815-1945 (in German) III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4.
- Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IXD boat U-180". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 2009-12-04.
- Hofmann, Markus. "U 180". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- U-180 and the Secret Operation (German) trans. (English)