German submarine U-883

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-883
Ordered: 2 April 1942
Builder: DeSchiMAG AG Weser, Bremen
Yard number: 1091
Laid down: 27 July 1943
Launched: 28 April 1944
Commissioned: 27 March 1945
Fate:
General characteristics
Class and type: Type IXD/42 submarine
Displacement:
  • 1,616 t (1,590 long tons) surfaced
  • 1,804 t (1,776 long tons) submerged
  • 2,150 t (2,116 long tons) total
Length:
Beam:
  • 7.50 m (24 ft 7 in) o/a
  • 4.40 m (14 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draught: 5.35 m (17 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 4,400 PS (3,240 kW; 4,340 bhp) (diesels)
  • 1,000 PS (740 kW; 990 shp) (electric)
Speed:
  • 19.2 knots (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph) surfaced
  • 6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 31,500 nmi (58,300 km; 36,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 57 nmi (106 km; 66 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Complement: 55-64 officers and enlisted
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Johannes Uebel
  • 27 March – 8 May 1945
Operations: None
Victories: None

German submarine U-883 was a Type IXD/42 U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II.

Designed in 1942, U-883 was the only commissioned IXD/42, similar to the IXD, but with increased engine power (increased from 4400 to 5400 ehp).

Commissioned in March 1945, only weeks before the German capitulation, U-883 was surrendered at Cuxhaven on 8 May 1945. She was sunk in December as part of Operation Deadlight.

Design[edit]

German Type IXD42 submarines were considerably larger than the original Type IXs. U-883 had a displacement of 1,616 tonnes (1,590 long tons) when at the surface and 1,804 tonnes (1,776 long tons) while submerged.[1] The U-boat had a total length of 87.58 m (287 ft 4 in), a pressure hull length of 68.50 m (224 ft 9 in), a beam of 7.50 m (24 ft 7 in), a height of 10.20 m (33 ft 6 in), and a draught of 5.35 m (17 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two MAN M 9 V 40/46 supercharged four-stroke, nine-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 4,400 metric horsepower (3,240 kW; 4,340 shp) for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/34 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 1,000 shaft horsepower (1,010 PS; 750 kW) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.85 m (6 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 200 metres (660 ft).[1]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 19.2 knots (35.6 km/h; 22.1 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 6.9 knots (12.8 km/h; 7.9 mph).[1] When submerged, the boat could operate for 121 nautical miles (224 km; 139 mi) at 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 31,500 nautical miles (58,300 km; 36,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-883 was fitted with six 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and two at the stern), 24 torpedoes, one 10.5 cm (4.13 in) SK C/32 naval gun, 150 rounds, and a 3.7 cm (1.5 in) with 2575 rounds as well as two 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns with 8100 rounds. The boat had a complement of fifty-five.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 74-75.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II : a biographical dictionary. Translated by Brooks, Geoffrey. London, Annapolis, Md: Greenhill Books, Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-186-6. 
  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 [German U-boat losses from September 1939 to May 1945]. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°43′59″N 8°40′01″W / 55.733°N 8.667°W / 55.733; -8.667