Ugandan general election, 2011
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Yoweri Museveni is a former guerilla commander who at the time had ruled Uganda for nearly 25 years. Kizza Besigye and Museveni faced each other for the third time after being formerly allies. Uganda was facing a potential oil shock, which served as economic political backing for some candidates.
Eight candidates were running in the presidential election:
- Yoweri Museveni (National Resistance Movement)
- Kizza Besigye (Forum for Democratic Change), running for the third time
- Olara Otunnu (Uganda People's Congress)
- Norbert Mao (Democratic Party)
- Beti Kamya (Uganda Federal Alliance)
- Jaberi Bidandi Ssali (People's Progress Party), a former local government minister
- Abed Bwanika (People's Development Party), running for the second time
- Samuel Lubega (independent)
In the parliamentary elections, the parties had the following number of candidates:
- NRM: 364 candidates (with at least a contender for every constituency and several contestants for special interest groups)
- FDC: 288 candidates
- UPC: 135 candidates
- DP: 120 candidates
- UFA: 66 candidates
- PPP: 33 candidates
- PDP: 18 candidates
The electoral turnout was about 59 percent of the 14 million eligible voters.
In a first statement the chairman of Electoral Commission of Uganda, Badru Kiggundu, said that Museveni won with 68.38 percent of the votes and his main opponent Kizza Besigye got 26.01 percent. Norbert Mao came in third position having polled 147,708 votes. The other candidates' vote count was: Olara Otunnu of the Uganda People's Congress received 125,059 votes; Betty Olive Kamya of the Uganda Federal alliance got 52,782 votes; Abed Bwankia of the People's Development Party received 51,708 votes; Jaberi Bidandi Ssali of the People's Progressive Party got 34,688 votes and independent candidate Samuel Walter Lubega got 32,726 votes.
The four-party Inter-Party Cooperation chairman Kizza Besigye said before the results were announced that the opposition "categorically rejects the outcome of the elections." European Union observers said the election was "marred by avoidable and logistical failures, which led to an unacceptable number of Ugandan citizens being disenfranchised."
|Candidates – Parties||Votes||%|
|Yoweri Museveni – National Resistance Movement||5,428,368||68.38|
|Kizza Besigye – Forum for Democratic Change||2,064,963||26.01|
|Norbert Mao – Democratic Party||147,917||1.86|
|Olara Otunnu – Uganda People's Congress||125,059||1.58|
|Beti Kamya – Uganda Federal Alliance||52,782||0.66|
|Abed Bwanika – People's Development Party||51,708||0.65|
|Jaberi Bidandi Ssali – People's Progress Party||34,688||0.44|
|Samuel Lubega – independent||32,726||0.41|
|Total votes (turnout: 59.29%)||8,272,760||100.00|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda|
|National Resistance Movement||164||86||13||263|
|Forum for Democratic Change||23||11||—||34|
|Uganda People's Congress||7||3||—||10|
|Uganda People's Defence Force Representatives||10||10|
|Total (turnout %)||238||112||25||375|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Uganda, African Elections Database|
Note on the Distribution of seats:
Besigye warned that Uganda was ripe for an Egypt-style revolt after Museveni's more than two decades in power. However, the protesters failed to amass in large numbers because, as the Christian Science Monitor suggested, a failure to tally its own results through its own sms system was disrupted by the government, who also arrested hundreds of opposition field agents. They also suggested that Besigye did not believe his own claim of sparking a revolution. After losing out twice to Museveni – whose personal physician and loyal ally he once was – this third attempt seems to have shattered him.
- McGregor, Sarah; Ojambo, Fred (20 February 2011). "Uganda's Museveni Wins Vote; Opposition Rejects Result". Bloomberg.
- "Ugandan president comfortably wins re-election". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2011-02-20.
- Gibb, Ryan (2012). "Presidential and parliamentary elections in Uganda, February 18, 2011". Electoral Studies. Forthcoming. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2012.02.003.