Ugandan general election, 2011

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General elections were held in Uganda on 18 February 2011. Incumbent President Yoweri Museveni of the National Resistance Movement (NRM) was re-elected for a third time, having been in power since 1986. The NRM also won 263 of the 375 seats in Parliament.

Background[edit]

Museveni, a former guerilla commander, had ruled Uganda for nearly 30 years at the time of the elections. Kizza Besigye and Museveni faced each other for the third time, having previously been allies; Besigye was defeated by Museveni in the 2001 and 2006 elections.

Campaign[edit]

At the time of the elections, Uganda was facing a potential oil shock, which became a campaign issue.[1]

Eight candidates contested the presidential elections,[2] whilst a total of 1,713 candidates ran in the parliamentary elections; 1,270 for the constituency seats and 443 for the women's seats.[3] The NRM contested every constituency seat, putting forward a total of 364 candidates. The Forum for Democratic Change nominated 288, the Uganda People's Congress 135, the Democratic Party 120, the Uganda Federal Alliance 66, the People's Progressive Party 33, and the People's Development Party 18.[4]

Conduct[edit]

European Union observers said the election was "marred by avoidable and logistical failures, which led to an unacceptable number of Ugandan citizens being disenfranchised."[1]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Yoweri Museveni National Resistance Movement 5,428,369 68.38
Kizza Besigye Forum for Democratic Change 2,064,963 26.01
Norbert Mao Democratic Party 147,917 1.86
Olara Otunnu Uganda People's Congress 125,059 1.58
Beti Kamya Uganda Federal Alliance 52,782 0.66
Abed Bwanika People's Development Party 51,708 0.65
Jaberi Bidandi Ssali People's Progress Party 34,688 0.44
Samuel Lubega Independent 32,726 0.41
Invalid/blank votes 334,548
Total 8,272,760 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 13,954,129 59.29
Source: Electoral Commission

Parliament[edit]

Party Constituency Women Appointed Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Resistance Movement 3,883,209 49.22 164 3,803,608 51.56 86 13 263 +50
Forum for Democratic Change 1,070,109 13.56 23 1,242,218 16.84 11 0 34 –3
Democratic Party 476,415 6.04 11 325,660 4.41 1 0 12 +4
Uganda People's Congress 265,568 3.37 7 237,477 3.22 3 0 10 +1
Justice Forum 50,120 0.64 1 10,796 0.15 0 0 1 0
Conservative Party 48,276 0.61 1 1,084 0.01 0 0 1 0
Uganda Federal Alliance 23,585 0.30 0 34,346 0.47 0 0 0
People's Progressive Party 15,692 0.20 0 26,320 0.36 0 0 0
Forum for Integrity in Leadership 8,871 0.11 0 0 0
Social Democratic Party 5,664 0.07 0 0 0
Popular People's Democracy 3,399 0.04 0 0 0
People's Development Party 2,526 0.03 0 1,853 0.03 0 0 0
Liberal Democratic Transparency 2,035 0.03 0 3,997 0.05 0 0 0
Green Partisan Party 297 0.00 0 0 0
Uganda Economic Party 207 0.00 0 0 0
Independents 2,034,250 25.78 30 1,689,389 22.90 11 2 43 +3
Uganda People's Defence Force 10 10 0
Vacant 1 1
Total 7,890,223 100 238 7,376,749 100 112 25 375 +56
Source: Election Passport, UC

Aftermath[edit]

The four-party Inter-Party Cooperation chairman Kizza Besigye said before the results were announced that the opposition "categorically rejects the outcome of the elections." He later warned that Uganda was ripe for an Egypt-style revolt after Museveni's more than two decades in power.[5] However, the protesters failed to amass in large numbers because, as the Christian Science Monitor suggested, a failure to tally its own results through its own sms system was disrupted by the government, who also arrested hundreds of opposition field agents. They also suggested that Besigye did not believe his own claim of sparking a revolution. After losing out twice to Museveni – whose personal physician and loyal ally he once was – this third attempt seems to have shattered him.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Uganda's Museveni Wins Vote; Opposition Rejects Result Bloomberg, 20 February 2011
  2. ^ Ugandans starts voting exercise New Vision, 17 February 2011
  3. ^ Elections held in 2011 IPU
  4. ^ Ugandans upbeat on voting outcome New Vision, 18 February 2011
  5. ^ Ugandan president comfortably wins re-election Daily Telegraph, 20 February 2011
  6. ^ Why Uganda's Besigye failed to deliver Egypt-style protests after election defeat Christian Science Monitor, 22 February 2011

Further reading[edit]