Ulmus americana 'Moline'

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Ulmus americana cultivar
Ulmus americana 'Moline'.jpg
Juvenile U. americana 'Moline'
Cultivar 'Moline'
Origin Moline, Illinois, USA

The American Elm cultivar Ulmus americana 'Moline' was cloned from a wild seedling transplanted to Moline in 1903 and propagated from 1916 by the Klehm Nurseries, Arlington Heights, IL. [1] [2] Some authorities regard the tree as identical to 'Minneapolis Park'.


'Moline' is distinguished by its narrow but open form, likened to a Lombardy Poplar, when young, the branches of the older trees ultimately horizontal. The leaves could be exceptionally broad, measuring 15 cm across.[2][3]

Pests and diseases[edit]

In trials [2] at the Morton Arboretum, Illinois, the tree was eschewed by the Elm Leaf Beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola. The tree's resistance to Dutch elm disease is not known.


In earlier field trials at Morton, 'Moline' was found to have a relatively fast growth rate, exceeding 7.7 m (25 ft) in height in 10 years. The tree was still in cultivation in 1934, [4] but is not known to have been introduced to Europe or Australasia.


  • Ulmus americana var. molinensis: Bailey & Bailey, Hortus Second 746, 1941.

Hybrid cultivars[edit]

'Moline' was crossed with American Elm W-185-21 to create the moderately disease-resistant cultivar 'Independence'.


North America[edit]


  1. ^ Green, Peter Shaw (1964). "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus". Arnoldia. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. 24 (6–8): 41–80. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Welch, G. L. & Co. The Plumfield Nurseries, 1929 Catalog. Plumfield Nurseries, Fremont, Nebraska.
  3. ^ Images of mature trees at Morton Arboretum[1]
  4. ^ Moffet, L. A. The Plumfield Nurseries, Bulletin No. 2, March 7, 1934. Plumfield Nurseries, Fremont, Nebraska.