Ulmus davidiana var. japonica 'Jacan'

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Ulmus davidiana var. japonica 'Jacan'
RN Jacan (hilliers arboretum ampfield).JPG
'Jacan', Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, UK
VarietyUlmus davidiana var. japonica

The Japanese Elm cultivar Ulmus davidiana var. japonica 'Jacan' is a cold-resistant selection from Canada. The tree was raised by the Morden Research Station, Morden, Manitoba in the 1980s. [1]


Autumn colour

'Jacan' develops a rounded crown form typical of the species; the foliage turns a deep red in autumn.[1] The species does not sucker from roots. [2]

Pests and diseases[edit]

The tree is moderately resistant to Dutch elm disease, and elm leaf beetle Xanthogaleruca luteola [2].[3] The tree's foliage was adjudged "resistant" to Black Spot by the Plant Diagnostic Clinic of the University of Missouri [3].


'Jacan' has not been widely planted in Canada owing to restrictions imposed by the Canadian government on the movement of elms across the country, which severely limited its potential market. The tree was introduced to the UK (see Accessions) and Italy from Canada in the early 1980s, but was never in commerce in either country and thus remains very rare; it is not known to have been introduced to Australasia.


'Jacan' was crossed with 'Sapporo Autumn Gold' by the Istituto per la Protezione delle Piante, Florence; the selection identified as 'FL441'. Although it performed well in trials, being noted for its abundant foliage, 'FL441' was never patented or released to commerce. [4] A specimen of 'FL441' is grown as part of Butterfly Conservation's elm trials at Great Fontley, Hampshire.[5]


North America

None known.



North America

None known.


  1. ^ Ronald, W. G. (1979). 'Jacan' Japanese Elm. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 59, 267–268
  2. ^ Heybroek, Hans M. (1981). "The Japanese elm species and their value for the Dutch elm breeding program" (PDF). Proceedings of the Dutch Elm Disease symposium and workshop, October 5–9, Winnipeg, Manitoba: 78–90.
  3. ^ Burdekin, D.A.; Rushforth, K.D. (November 1996). Revised by J.F. Webber. "Elms resistant to Dutch elm disease" (PDF). Arboriculture Research Note. Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham: Arboricultural Advisory & Information Service. 2/96: 1–9. ISSN 1362-5128. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  4. ^ Santini, A, et al. Elm breeding for DED resistance, the Italian clones and their wood properties. Invest. Agrar: Sist Recur For (2004) 13 (1), 179–184.
  5. ^ Brookes, A. H. (2015). Great Fontley Elm Trial, 2015 Report. Butterfly Conservation, Hants & IoW Branch, England.
  6. ^ Johnson, Owen (ed.) (2003). Champion Trees of Britain & Ireland. Whittet Press, ISBN 978-1-873580-61-5.