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Sindhi: امرڪوٽ‎(Amarkot)
Birthplace of Akbar
Birthplace of Akbar
Umerkot is located in Sindh
Location of Umerkot within Sindh Province
Coordinates: 25°21′41″N 69°44′37″E / 25.3614°N 69.7436°E / 25.3614; 69.7436Coordinates: 25°21′41″N 69°44′37″E / 25.3614°N 69.7436°E / 25.3614; 69.7436
Country Pakistan
Province Sindh
Metropolitan Corporation Pre-islamic Hindu-era
Time zone PKT (UTC+05:00)
Umarkot Fort

Umerkot (Urdu: عُمركوٹ‎, Sindhi: عمرڪوٽ‎), formerly known as Amarkot, is a town in Umerkot District in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The city is well connected with the other large cities like Karachi, the provincial capital and Hyderabad.[1]


The name of the city is said to be after the name of a local ruler, Umer, who is part of the legend of Umar Marvi. The story also appears in Shah Jo Risalo and is one of the popular tragic romances from Sindh.

The province was ruled by Sodha clan of Hindu Rajputs. The city held prominence during the Mughal Empire and the British Raj. Mughal Emperor Akbar was born in Umerkot 14 October 1542 when his father Humayun fled from the military defeat at the hands of Sher Shah Suri.[2] Rana Prasad, the Sodha Rajput ruler of Umerkot, gave him refuge.[3] Later on, Akbar brought northwestern India, including modern day Pakistan under Mughal rule. During Akbar's rule, Rana Megraj, then governor of Umerkot Fort. Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, an important minister (Dewan) of Akbar, upon his visit to Sindh showed a desire to be relative of Rana Megraj. Rana Megraj's niece and daughter of Man Singh was married to Khan-i-Khanan.[4] The dispute over the governorship erupted after the death of Rana Megraj.[5]

Amarkot princely state[edit]

Before 1947, the present day Umerkot was a princely state named Amarkot, ruled by Sodha clan of Hindu Rajputs. During partition, the then Raja of Amarkot, Rana Arjun Singh opted for Pakistan despite a Hindu majority in the region. His love for Sindh made Rana choose Pakistan, according to Vikram Singh, his grandson,but now the family appears to regret the decision of joining Pakistan.[6] He did not join Congress even though Nehru had personally approached him.[7]

Points of interest[edit]

Umerkot has many sites of historical significance such as Akbar's birthplace at Umarkot Fort.

Rana Chandra Singh Sodha (1931–2009) was the Rana of the former Umerkot jagir after 1947, and remained a member of National Assembly of Pakistan and a federal minister.[8]

There is an ancient temple, Shiv Mandir, Umerkot.


The story of Umar Marvi is that Marvi was a young Thari girl abducted by then-ruler, Umar, who wanted to marry her because of her beauty. Upon her refusal she was imprisoned in the historic Umerkot Fort for several years. Because of her courage, Marvi is regarded as a symbol of love for one's soil and homeland.


The city has more than 100 schools, 20 colleges and one polytechnic college.

See also[edit]



  1. ^
  2. ^ Part 10:..the birth of Akbar Humayun nama by Gulbadan Begum.
  3. ^ Part 10:..the birth of Akbar Humayun-nama by Gulbadan Begum.
  4. ^ Khan, Ansar Zahid. 1986. The Mughul Marriages: A Politico-Religious and Legal Study. Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society 34(2).
  5. ^ Beg-Lar-Nama. "The Sacking of 'Umarkot". Retrieved 27 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Footprints Once upon a Time in Umerkot- The Dawn (January 16 2015)
  7. ^ Footprints Once upon a Time in Umerkot- The Dawn (January 16 2015)
  8. ^ Guriro, Amar (2 August 2009). "Chieftain of Pakistani Hindu Thakurs dies". Daily Times. Retrieved 2 August 2009. 

External links[edit]