|• Total||19,638 km2 (7,582 sq mi)|
|• Density||46.6/km2 (121/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Tharparkar (Urdu: تھرپارکر ,Sindhi: ٿرپارڪر ) is a desert in Pakistan. The region derives its names from Thar and Parkar. The name Thar is from Thul, the general term for sand region or sand ridges and Parkar literary means “to cross over”. The region was earlier known as Thar and Parkar, later they became one word.
It was in 1843 when Sir Charles Napier became victor of Sindh and this part was merged into Katchh political agency in Hyderabad collect-orate, later on in 1858 the entire area became part of Hyderabad. Subsequently, in 1860 it was renamed as “Eastern Sindh frontier” with its Headquarters Umerkot, controlled by Political Superintendent. In 1882 it was renamed as district and its administrative head was Deputy Commissioner. Lastly in 1906 Headquarters of the district was shifted from Umerkot to Mirpurkhas. Until 1990 the present district of Tharparkar, Umerkot and Mirpurkhas comprised one separate district in 1990 i.e. Mirpurkhas and Thar established the town on Mithi as the new headquarters of the Tharparkar district, while Umerkot was bifurcated on 17 April 1993.
There is no stream of fresh water in the region. However, in Nagarparkar there are two perennial springs, namely Anchlesar and Sardhro, as well as temporary streams called Bhatuyani River and Gordhro River which flow during the rainy season. There are some hilly tracks called Parkar. The Granite Marble has been found there. “Karoonjhar Mountain” is near to Nagarparkar. There are no lakes, glaciers, plains in the district. This district is mainly a desert area.
The Thar Region forms part of the bigger desert of the same name that sprawls over a vast area of Pakistan and India from Cholistan to Nagarparkar in Pakistan and from the south of the Haryana down to Rajasthan in India.
The area is mostly deserted and consists of barren tracts of sand dunes covered with thorny bushes. The ridges are irregular and roughly parallel, they rise to a height of about 46 metres and often create valleys. When there is rain these valleys are moist enough to allow cultivation and when not cultivated, grass grows. The extraordinary salinity of the subsoil land and consequent shortage of potable water renders many quite picturesque salt lakes which rarely dry up.
The only hills are in Nagarparkar, on the Northern edge of the Runn of Kutchh, which belong to quite a different geological range. It consists of granite rocks, probably an outlying mass of the crystalline rocks of the Arravelli range. The arravelli range belongs to the Archean system which constitutes the oldest rocks of the earth's crust. This is a small area quite different from the desert. The principle range Karoonjhar is 19 km in length and attains a height of 305 m. Smaller hills rise in the east, which is covered with jungle and pasturage and gives rise to two springs named Anchlesar and Sardhro as well as temporary streams called Bhatyani and Gordhro after the rain.
Issues in Tharparkar
- "NCHR takes notice of kids' death in Thar". The Nation. Retrieved 2016-01-28.