University of Parma
Università degli Studi di Parma
|Latin: Alma Universitas Studiorum Parmensis|
|Rector||Prof. Paolo Andrei|
|Campus||Both urban (University town) and suburban|
|Sports teams||CUS Parma ()|
|Colors||Blue and yellow|
The University of Parma (Italian: Università degli Studi di Parma, UNIPR) is a public university in Parma, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. It is organised in nine departments. As of 2016 the University of Parma has about 26,000 students.
During the 13th-14th centuries there was an educational institution, studium, in Parma, but it was closed in 1387 by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, Duke of Milan. The university was opened in 1412 by Niccolò III d'Este, and, although no papal bull was issued, the degrees were granted. In 1420 Filippo Maria Visconti closed it again.
Although there were several attempts to revive the university, it functioned only as a "paper university", granting degrees without teaching. In 1601, the university was finally reopened by Ranuccio I Farnese, and the papal bill was given. It was a joint institution with a Society of Jesus, and a third of staff were teachers from a local Jesuit school, who taught in a separate building and by Jesuit curriculum. There were usually about 27-32 teachers and 300-400 students in the 17th century. Logic, natural history, mathematics and theology were taught by Jesuits and law and medicine by civil teachers.
In 1768, Ferdinand I expelled Jesuits and the curriculum was modernized. In 1831, the university was closed by Marie Louise due to students protests, and it was reopened only in 1854 by Louise Marie. The university consisted of the faculties of theology, law, medicine, physics and mathematics, philosophy and literature and schools of obstetrics, pharmacy and veterinary medicine.
After Risorgimento, there were too many universities in Italy, so they were divided into two grades; in 1862, the University of Parma was declared grade B, its financing was reduced and the quality of education degraded. It was equalized with grade A universities only in 1887.
- Francesco Accarigi (c. 1557–1622), professor of civil law
- Cesare Beccaria (c. 1738–1794), economist and criminologist
- Attilio Bertolucci (1911–2000), poet
- Alberto Broggi (born 1966), engineer
- Marta Catellani, chemist
- Flavio Delbono (born 1959), economist and politician
- Vittorio Gallese (born 1959), neuroscientist
- Beppo Levi (1875–1961), mathematician
- Macedonio Melloni (c. 1798—1854), physicist
- Giuseppe Mingione (born 1972), mathematician
- Bernardino Ramazzini (c. 1633–1714), professor of medicine and father of Occupational Medicine
- Giacomo Rizzolatti (born 1937), neuroscientist
- Cesare Zavattini (1902–1989), screenwriter
The university is now divided into 9 departments.
- Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability
- Department of Economics and Management
- Department of Engineering and Architecture
- Department of Food and Drug
- Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Cultural Industries
- Department of Law, Politics and International Studies
- Department of Mathematical, Physical and Computer Sciences
- Department of Medicine and Surgery
- Department of Veterinary Science
From 2012 to 2016 the university was divided into 18 departments:
- Department of Arts and Literature, History and Social Studies
- Department of Biomedical, Biotechnological and translational Sciences
- Department of Chemistry
- Department of Civil, Environmental, Land Management, Engineering and Architecture - DICATEA
- Department of Classics, Modern Languages, Education, Philosophy (A.L.E.F.)
- Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine
- Department of Economics
- Department of Food Science
- Department of Industrial Engineering
- Department of Information Engineering
- Department of Law
- Department of Life sciences
- Department of Mathematics and Computer Science
- Department of Neuroscience
- Department of Pharmacy
- Department of Physics and earth sciences “Macedonio Melloni”
- Department of Surgery
The university was formerly divided into 12 faculties:
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Architecture
- Faculty of Arts and Philosophy
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Science.
- Faculty of Medicine and Surgery
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Political Sciences
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Research Labs in the Department of Engineering and Architecture
- Industrial Automation Laboratory
- IoT Lab
- European College of Parma
- List of Italian universities
- List of medieval universities
- ICoN Interuniversity Consortium for Italian Studies
- Library assessment
- "Anagrafe Nazionale Studenti" (in Italian).
- Grendler 2004, pp. 126–128.
- Grendler 2004, pp. 129, 132.
- Grendler 2017, pp. 169–171.
- Grendler 2004, p. 133.
- Grendler 2017, p. 186.
- Annali 2005, p. 105.
- Annali 2005, pp. 197–198.
- Annali 2005, p. 140.
- Grendler 2004, p. 134.
- "Attilio Bertolucci | Italian poet, literary critic and translator". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "IEEE to Honor Professor Alberto Broggi, founder of VisLab, an Ambarella Company, for His Achievements in the Field of Autonomous Driving". www.businesswire.com. 2017-05-19. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "European Academy of Sciences - Marta Catellani". www.eurasc.org. Retrieved 2019-12-30.
- "Flavio Delbono — University of Bologna — Curriculum vitae". www.unibo.it. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Professor Vittorio Gallese | School of Advanced Study". research.sas.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Macedonio Melloni". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Giuseppe Mingione, il matematico dei record". www.gazzettadiparma.it. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Prof. Giacomo Rizzolatti | Università degli Studi di Parma". www.unipr.it. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Cesare Zavattini | Italian writer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-26.
- "Nuovi Dipartimenti" (in Italian).
- "Attivati 18 nuovi Dipartimenti, soppresse Facoltà e costituito nuovo Senato Accademico" (in Italian).
- Grendler, Paul F. (2004). The Universities of the Italian Renaissance. Baltimore MD USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 127–137. ISBN 978-0-8018-8055-1.
- Grendler, Paul F. (2017). The Jesuits and Italian Universities, 1548-1773. Washington DC: CUA Press. pp. 154–188. ISBN 978-0-8132-2936-2.
- Annali di Storia delle Università italiane. 9. 2005.
- University of Parma Website (in Italian and English)
- Itinerari medievali: risorse per lo studio del Medioevo (in Italian)