University of Salerno
|University of Salerno|
|Università degli Studi di Salerno|
|Latin: Hippocratica Civitas Studium Salerni|
|Rector||Prof. Aurelio Tommasetti|
|Sports teams||CUS Salerno|
The University of Salerno (Italian: Università degli Studi di Salerno, UNISA) is a university located in Salerno, Italy. It is organized in 10 Faculties. Its main campus is located in Fisciano, other faculties in Baronissi.
Salerno, a city in which, as Michelet said, “emperors, kings, popes, and the richest barons all had their own doctor”, developed during the Middle Ages around its prestigious School of Medicine. Previously, the town of Velia, a little south of Salerno, had a medical College with a school of medicine, which was established in Greek and Roman times. Many important men, such as Paulus Emilius, Cicero, Brutus, and perhaps even Horace and Augustus, had had villas built while staying in Velia for therapeutic reasons.
The barbarian invasions following the fall of the Roman Empire caused the last doctors from Velia to move to the neighbouring city of Salerno. The philosophical and scientific tradition of medical studies carried on there, in the form of a free and autonomous guild of erudite men, a College of masters, which became the first nucleus of the Salernitan Studium, later to be used as a model for other European universities.
The Salerno Medical School reached the height of its glory between the 10th and 13th centuries, especially due to the contribution of Alfanus I and Constantine the African, who deemed Salerno worthy of the name of “City of Hippocrates” (Hippocratica Civitas), after the well-known Greek physician and mathematician.
People from all over the world came to the Salerno School, sick people hoping to recover, or apprentices wishing to learn medical skills. Its fame became international, as proved by historiographical testimonies as well as the Salernitan manuscripts present in many libraries in Europe.
The School kept the Greek and Latin medical heritage alive, combining it harmoniously with the Arabic and Hebrew traditions. This combination of different cultures led to a wider medical knowledge and is illustrated by the legend which credits the foundation of the School to four masters: Helinus the Jew, Pontus the Greek, Adela the Arab, and Salernus the Roman.
In the School, besides medicine, which was studied and practised by women too, philosophy, theology and law were taught.
The Istituto Universitario di Magistero “Giovanni Cuomo”, founded in 1944, was therefore set up with this renowned and ancient tradition in mind.
In 1968 the institute became a State university, the University of Salerno, and it has since seen a great increase in student numbers.
The University of Salerno offers a wide range of degrees in 10 faculties:
- Faculty of Arts and Philosophy
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Foreign language and literature
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Political Science
The University of Salerno is one of the most important universities in southern Italy. The Fisciano and Baronissi campuses, located in the picturesque environment of the Irno valley, are equipped with all the best services and infrastructure necessary for carrying out university activities to the highest standards.
The library "biblioteca Eduardo R. Caianiello" offers students over 400.000 volumes and constitutes one of the major collections of books in Italy. The university of Salerno was a great advancement for Europe.
The libraries, the Language Centre, the museum, the laboratories, the restaurants, the coffee bars, the sports facilities and other meeting places available to students and staff, complete the picture of the University, whose aim is to distinguish itself not only for the quality of its teaching and professional training, but also for the efficiency of its services and the pleasantness of its surroundings.
During the academic year many cultural and artistic events take place involving both students and staff, adding life to the Campus.
- "Anagrafe Nazionale Studenti - Iscritti 2012/2013". MIUR (in Italian). 7 March 2014. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
- (Italian) University of Salerno Website