User:Zarzuelazen/Books/Reality Theory: Complex Systems & A-Life

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Reality Theory: Complex Systems & A-Life[edit]

3-dimensional matching
3-partition problem
A* search algorithm
Action selection
Active set method
Adaptive system
AI box
AI control problem
Aitken's delta-squared process
Alpha shape
AlphaFold
AlphaGo
AlphaGo versus Lee Sedol
AlphaGo Zero
AlphaStar (software)
AlphaZero
Alpha–beta pruning
Anosov diffeomorphism
Ant colony optimization algorithms
Anticausal system
Any-angle path planning
Apprenticeship learning
Approximate max-flow min-cut theorem
Approximation
Approximation algorithm
Approximation error
Approximation theory
Arg max
Arithmetic dynamics
Arrangement (space partition)
Arrangement of hyperplanes
Arrangement of lines
Artificial intelligence in video games
Artificial life
Assignment problem
Asymptotic analysis
Asymptotic expansion
Attractor
Auction algorithm
Augmented Lagrangian method
Automated planning and scheduling
Automatic differentiation
Autonomous agency theory
Autonomous system (mathematics)
Autopoiesis
Axiom A
B*
Backjumping
Backmarking
Backtracking
Backward Euler method
Barrier function
Barycentric subdivision
Base flow (random dynamical systems)
Basic feasible solution
Bayesian optimization
Beam search
Behavior tree (artificial intelligence, robotics and control)
Behavior-based robotics
Belief–desire–intention software model
Bellman equation
Bellman–Ford algorithm
Beltrami identity
Bernoulli scheme
Bernstein polynomial
Best-first search
Bidirectional search
Bifurcation diagram
Bifurcation theory
Bin packing problem
Binary constraint
Birth–death process
Bisection method
Bistability
Bitboard
Bland's rule
Blossom algorithm
Board representation (chess)
Borůvka's algorithm
Box counting
Branch and bound
Breadth-first search
Brute-force search
Butterfly effect
Bézier curve
Bézier surface
Calculus of variations
Cantor set
Catastrophe theory
Causal loop diagram
Causal system
Cellular evolutionary algorithm
Center manifold
Centroidal Voronoi tessellation
Chaos game
Chaos theory
Chess engine
Chess opening book (computers)
Christofides algorithm
Chromosome (genetic algorithm)
Circle packing
Circle packing theorem
Circulation problem
Clique problem
Close-packing of equal spheres
Closed system
CMA-ES
Coarse space (numerical analysis)
Cobweb plot
Coffman–Graham algorithm
Collective intelligence
Collocation method
Column generation
Combinatorial optimization
Combinatorial search
Complementarity theory
Complex adaptive system
Complex dynamics
Complex quadratic polynomial
Complex system
Complexity
Complexity of constraint satisfaction
Computable topology
Computational geometry
Computational topology
Computer bridge
Computer chess
Computer Go
Computer poker player
Computer shogi
Condition number
Conflict resolution strategy
Conic optimization
Constant-recursive sequence
Constrained optimization
Constraint (mathematics)
Constraint Composite Graph
Constraint graph
Constraint learning
Constraint programming
Constraint satisfaction
Constraint satisfaction dual problem
Constraint satisfaction problem
Continuous optimization
Control of chaos
Convergence (evolutionary computing)
Convex hull
Convex optimization
Coordinate descent
Correlation dimension
Costate equation
Coupled map lattice
Covering problems
Criss-cross algorithm
Critical point (mathematics)
Cross-entropy method
Crossover (genetic algorithm)
Cubic Hermite spline
Curtis–Hedlund–Lyndon theorem
Cut (graph theory)
Cutting stock problem
Cutting-plane method
Cybernetical physics
Cybernetics
D*
Dantzig–Wolfe decomposition
Decomposition method (constraint satisfaction)
Deep Blue (chess computer)
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov
Deep reinforcement learning
Delaunay triangulation
Deliberative agent
Delone set
Depth-first search
Derivative test
Derivative-free optimization
Descent direction
Deterministic system
Difference quotient
Differentiable programming
Differential evolution
Dijkstra's algorithm
Dinic's algorithm
Discrete calculus
Discrete geometry
Discrete optimization
Discrete space
Discrete time and continuous time
Discretization
Discretization error
Distributed constraint optimization
Distributed parameter system
Domain decomposition methods
Dual linear program
Dual-phase evolution
Duality (optimization)
Duality gap
Duffing equation
Dyadic transformation
Dynamic programming
Dynamical system
Dynamical system (definition)
Dynamical systems theory
Edge cover
Edge of chaos
Edmonds–Karp algorithm
Effective dimension
Elementary effects method
Ellipsoid method
Endgame tablebase
Envelope theorem
Equidistributed sequence
Equilibrium point
Ergodic theory
Ergodicity
Estimation of distribution algorithm
Ethical regulator
Euler method
Euler–Lagrange equation
Evaluation function
Evolution strategy
Evolutionary algorithm
Evolutionary computation
Evolutionary multimodal optimization
Expectiminimax tree
Explicit and implicit methods
Exploration problem
Exponential integrator
Facility location problem
Factor graph
Farkas' lemma
Feasible region
Feedback
Feigenbaum constants
Fermat's theorem (stationary points)
Finite difference
Finite difference method
Finite element method
Finite subdivision rule
Finite volume method
Fitness approximation
Fitness function
Fitness landscape
Fitness proportionate selection
Fixed-point iteration
Flow (mathematics)
Flow network
Flow shop scheduling
Floyd–Warshall algorithm
Ford–Fulkerson algorithm
Fractal
Fractal analysis
Fractal canopy
Fractal curve
Fractal dimension
Fractional matching
Fractional programming
Frank–Wolfe algorithm
Functional derivative
Gaussian adaptation
Gaussian quadrature
Gauss–Newton algorithm
Gene expression programming
General game playing
General linear methods
Generalized assignment problem
Genetic algorithm
Genetic algorithm scheduling
Genetic operator
Genetic programming
Genetic representation
Geometric programming
Gittins index
Global optimization
Good regulator
Gradient descent
Grammatical evolution
Graph cut optimization
Graph dynamical system
Graph traversal
Greedy algorithm
Greedy number partitioning
Grid classification
Guided Local Search
H tree
Halley's method
Hartman–Grobman theorem
Hausdorff dimension
Heteroclinic orbit
Heuristic (computer science)
Hidden attractor
Hidden transformation
Hierarchical task network
Hilbert curve
Hill climbing
Homoclinic connection
Homoclinic orbit
Hopcroft–Karp algorithm
Hopf bifurcation
Horizon effect
Horseshoe map
Householder's method
Human-based genetic algorithm
Human–computer chess matches
Hybrid system
Hyper-heuristic
Hyperbolic equilibrium point
Hyperbolic set
Hysteresis
Hénon map
Incremental heuristic search
Indefinite sum
Independent set (graph theory)
Induced matching
Infinite-dimensional optimization
Inflection point
Information fluctuation complexity
Inheritance (genetic algorithm)
Instability
Instrumental convergence
Integer programming
Intelligent agent
Interacting particle system
Interior-point method
Intermittency
Interval arithmetic
Intrinsic motivation (artificial intelligence)
Invariant measure
Iterated function
Iterated function system
Iterated local search
Iterative deepening A*
Iterative deepening depth-first search
Iterative method
Job shop scheduling
Johnson's algorithm
Julia set
Jump point search
Karmarkar's algorithm
Karush–Kuhn–Tucker conditions
Kendall's notation
Killer heuristic
Kissing number problem
Klee–Minty cube
Knapsack problem
Koch snowflake
Kruskal's algorithm
Krylov–Bogolyubov theorem
Kuramoto model
Lacunarity
Lagrange multiplier
Lagrange multipliers on Banach spaces
Lagrange polynomial
Lagrangian relaxation
Laplace's method
Largest differencing method
Leading-order term
Learning automaton
Learning classifier system
Leela Chess Zero
Leela Zero
Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm
Lexicographic breadth-first search
Libratus
Limit cycle
Limit set
Line search
Linear approximation
Linear complementarity problem
Linear difference equation
Linear dynamical system
Linear matrix inequality
Linear multistep method
Linear programming
Linear programming relaxation
Linear stability
Linear system
Linear time-invariant system
Linear-fractional programming
Linearization
Little's law
Liénard equation
Lloyd's algorithm
Local consistency
Local optimum
Local search (constraint satisfaction)
Local search (optimization)
Logistic map
Longest path problem
Look-ahead (backtracking)
Lorenz system
Loss function
Loss of significance
Lumped-element model
Lyapunov exponent
Lyapunov function
Lyapunov optimization
Lyapunov stability
Lyapunov time
Makespan
Mandelbrot set
Marginal stability
Markov decision process
Markov partition
Master stability function
Matching (graph theory)
Matching in hypergraphs
Matching polytope
Mathematical optimization
Matrix chain multiplication
Matrix difference equation
Matroid intersection
Matroid parity problem
Max-flow min-cut theorem
Maxima and minima
Maximal independent set
Maximally-matchable edge
Maximum cardinality matching
Maximum cut
Maximum flow problem
Maximum theorem
Maximum weight matching
Measure-preserving dynamical system
Memetic algorithm
Menger sponge
Mesh generation
Meshfree methods
Meta-optimization
Metaheuristic
Metastability
Method of matched asymptotic expansions
Method of steepest descent
Minimax
Minimum cut
Minimum spanning tree
Minimum-cost flow problem
Minkowski–Bouligand dimension
Misaligned goals in artificial intelligence
Misiurewicz point
Mixing (mathematics)
Monte Carlo integration
Monte Carlo localization
Monte Carlo tree search
Morse–Smale system
Motion planning
Muller's method
Multi-agent system
Multi-armed bandit
Multi-commodity flow problem
Multi-objective optimization
Multibrot set
Multifractal system
Multigrid method
Multiple-scale analysis
Multiplicative weight update method
Multistability
Multiway number partitioning
Mutation (genetic algorithm)
MuZero
Natural evolution strategy
Navigation function
Nearest neighbor search
Negamax
Network simplex algorithm
Neuroevolution
Newton's method
Newton's method in optimization
Newton–Cotes formulas
NK model
No free lunch in search and optimization
Non-autonomous system (mathematics)
Nonlinear programming
Nonlinear system
Nonlinear system identification
Normal form (dynamical systems)
Numerical analysis
Numerical differentiation
Numerical error
Numerical integration
Numerical methods for ordinary differential equations
Numerical partial differential equations
Numerical stability
Nyquist stability criterion
Open system (systems theory)
Open-shop scheduling
Operations research
Optimal substructure
Optimization problem
Oracle complexity (optimization)
Orbit (dynamics)
Orbit portrait
Order of approximation
Order of magnitude
Ornstein isomorphism theorem
Overlapping subproblems
P-recursive equation
Packing density
Packing problems
Parallel metaheuristic
Parametric programming
Partial-order planning
Partially observable Markov decision process
Particle swarm optimization
Partition problem
Pathfinding
Pattern formation
Peano curve
Penalty method
Perfect matching
Period-doubling bifurcation
Periodic point
Periodic points of complex quadratic mappings
Persistent homology
Perturbation function
Perturbation theory
Phase line (mathematics)
Phase plane
Phase portrait
Phase space
Planar straight-line graph
Poincaré map
Poincaré recurrence theorem
Poincaré–Lindstedt method
Point location
Point set triangulation
Polygon triangulation
Population-based incremental learning
Posynomial
Power diagram
Preconditioner
Preference-based planning
Premature convergence
Prim's algorithm
Principal variation search
Principles of Grid Generation
Probabilistic roadmap
Procedural reasoning system
Product-form solution
Production system (computer science)
Projected dynamical system
Propagation of uncertainty
Pseudo-Boolean function
Pseudo-spectral method
Pullback attractor
Q-learning
Quadratic programming
Quadratic pseudo-Boolean optimization
Quadrature (mathematics)
Quantum annealing
Quantum optimization algorithms
Quasi-invariant measure
Quasi-Monte Carlo method
Quasi-Newton Least Squares Method
Quasi-Newton method
Queueing theory
Quiescence search
Random dynamical system
Random search
Randomized rounding
Range searching
Rapidly-exploring random tree
Rate of convergence
Rational difference equation
Reaction–diffusion system
Reactive planning
Recurrence plot
Recurrence relation
Regula falsi
Regular grid
Reinforcement learning
Relaxation (approximation)
Relaxation (iterative method)
Residual (numerical analysis)
Revised simplex method
Reward-based selection
Robot navigation
Robotic mapping
Robust optimization
Robustification
Root locus
Root-finding algorithm
Round-off error
Rounding
Routh–Hurwitz stability criterion
Runge–Kutta methods
Rössler attractor
Saddle point
Saddle-node bifurcation
Scenario optimization
Search algorithm
Secant method
Second partial derivative test
Second-order cone programming
Selection (genetic algorithm)
Self-assembly
Self-organization
Self-organized criticality
Self-oscillation
Self-replication
Self-similarity
Semidefinite programming
Sensitivity analysis
Sequential dynamical system
Sequential minimal optimization
Series acceleration
Set cover problem
Set packing
Shape optimization
Sharkovskii's theorem
Shift space
Shift-invariant system
Shortest path problem
Sierpinski carpet
Sierpiński triangle
Significance arithmetic
Significant figures
Signomial
Simplex algorithm
Simpson's rule
Simulated annealing
Simulation-based optimization
Simultaneous localization and mapping
Singular perturbation
Slack variable
Slow manifold
Space-filling curve
Spectral method
Sphere packing
Spline (mathematics)
Spontaneous order
Stability criterion
Stability radius
Stability theory
Stable manifold
State space
State space planning
State space search
State variable
State–action–reward–state–action
Stationary point
Steady state
Steffensen's method
Stiff equation
Stochastic approximation
Stochastic calculus
Stochastic cellular automaton
Stochastic differential equation
Stochastic diffusion search
Stochastic dynamic programming
Stochastic gradient descent
Stochastic optimization
Stochastic partial differential equation
Stochastic programming
Stochastic scheduling
Stochastic universal sampling
Stockfish (chess)
Strong duality
Structural stability
Subgradient method
Submodular set function
Subset sum problem
Subshift of finite type
Subsumption architecture
Sum-of-squares optimization
Supermodular function
Swarm intelligence
Symbolic dynamics
Synchronization
Synchronization of chaos
System
System dynamics
System identification
Systems science
Systems theory
Tabu search
Takens's theorem
Temporal difference learning
Tent map
Test functions for optimization
Thompson sampling
Time evolution
Time reversibility
Time-invariant system
Time-scale calculus
Time-variant system
Topological conjugacy
Topological dynamics
Topological entropy
Topology optimization
Tournament selection
Trajectory optimization
Transfer operator
Transportation theory (mathematics)
Transposition table
Transshipment problem
Trapezoidal rule
Travelling salesman problem
Tree traversal
Triangulation (geometry)
Truncation error
Truncation error (numerical integration)
Trust region
Turing pattern
Types of mesh
Uncertainty quantification
Unstructured grid
Value function
Van der Pol oscillator
Variance-based sensitivity analysis
Variation (game tree)
Variational inequality
Variety (cybernetics)
Vector optimization
Vehicle routing problem
Vertex cover
Vertex cover in hypergraphs
Viable system model
Viable systems approach
Visibility graph
Von Neumann universal constructor
Voronoi diagram
Wandering set
Weak duality
Weierstrass function
Weighted Voronoi diagram
Well-posed problem
Winner-take-all in action selection
Wolfe conditions
Zobrist hashing