City of Penrith
|City of Penrith
New South Wales
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
|Population||178,467 (2011 census) (17th)|
|• Density||440.8/km2 (1,142/sq mi)|
|Area||404.9 km2 (156.3 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
|Mayor||Karen McKeown (Labor)|
|Website||City of Penrith|
The City of Penrith is a City in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The seat of the City is located in Penrith, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Sydney's central business district. It occupies part of the traditional lands of the Darug people.
The Municipality of Penrith was incorporated on 12 May 1871 under the Municipalities Act 1858 (NSW). On 3 March 1890, St Marys was separately incorporated, and on 26 July 1893 and 9 September 1895, Mulgoa and Castlereagh followed respectively. In 1913, Mulgoa became the "A" Riding of the neighbouring Nepean Shire. On 1 January 1949, the Municipalities of Penrith, St Marys and Castlereagh and part of the Nepean Shire amalgamated to form a new Municipality of Penrith. It was declared a City on 21 October 1959, and expanded westwards to include Emu Plains and Emu Heights, formerly part of the City of Blue Mountains, on 25 October 1963.
Suburbs and localities in the local government area
The following suburbs and localities are located within the City of Penrith:
- Agnes Banks (shared with the City of Hawkesbury)
- Badgerys Creek (shared with the City of Liverpool)
- Berkshire Park
- Cambridge Gardens
- Cambridge Park
- Claremont Meadows
- Emu Heights
- Emu Plains
- Erskine Park
- Glenmore Park
- Jordan Springs
- Kemps Creek (shared with Liverpool)
- Kingswood Park
- Luddenham (shared with Liverpool)
- Mount Vernon
- North St Marys
- Orchard Hills
- Oxley Park
- St Clair
- St Marys
- South Penrith
- Wallacia (shared with Liverpool and Wollondilly Shire)
- Werrington County
- Werrington Downs
At the [[Census in Australia#2011|2011 census]], there were 178,467 people in the Penrith local government area, of these 49.3% were male and 50.7% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.0% of the population; notably above the national average of 2.5%. The median age of people in the City of Penrith was 34 years; notably below the national median of 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 21.7% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 9.6% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 48.5% were married and 12.1% were either divorced or separated.
Population growth in the City of Penrith between the 2001 Census and the 2006 census was 0.15% and in the subsequent five years to the 2011 census, population growth was 3.68%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 5.78% and 8.32% respectively, population growth in the Penrith local government area was significantly lower than the national average. The median weekly income for residents within the City of Penrith was on with par with the national average.
At the 2011 census, the proportion of residents in the Penrith local government area who stated their ancestry as Australian or Anglo-Saxon exceeded 66% of all residents (national average was 65.2%). In excess of 64% of all residents in the City of Penrith area nominated a religious affiliation with Christianity at the 2011 census, which was significantly higher than the national average of 50.2%. Meanwhile, as at the Census date, compared to the national average, households in the Penrith local government area had a marginally lower than average proportion (18.4%) where two or more languages are spoken (national average was 20.4%); and a higher proportion (80.9%) where English only was spoken at home (national average was 76.8%).
|Selected historical census data for Penrith local government area|
|Population||Estimated residents on Census night||171,870||172,140||178,467|
|LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales||7th||8th|
|% of New South Wales population||2.58%|
|% of Australian population||0.92%||0.87%||0.83%|
|Cultural and language diversity|
(other than English)
|Presbyterian and Reformed||3.4%||3.1%||2.9%|
|Median weekly incomes|
|Personal income||Median weekly personal income||A$517||A$623|
|% of Australian median income||110.9%||108.0%|
|Family income||Median weekly family income||A$1,147||A$1,582|
|% of Australian median income||111.7%||106.8%|
|Household income||Median weekly household income||A$1,285||A$1,398|
|% of Australian median income||109.7%||113.3%|
Current composition and election method
Penrith City Council is composed of fifteen Councillors elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing five Councillors. All Councillors are elected for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is elected by the Councillors at the first meeting of the Council. The most recent election was held on 8 September 2012, and the makeup of the Council is as follows:
|Australian Labor Party||4|
The current Council, elected in 2012, in order of election by ward, is:
|East Ward||Greg Davies||Labor|
|Tricia Hitchen||Independent||A former Liberal Party candidate for the 2007 state election in the seat of Penrith.|
|North Ward||John Thain||Labor|
|Ross Fowler||Liberal||Deputy Mayor|
|South Ward||Mark Davies||Independent||Davies was elected in 2008 on the Liberal Party ticket and his wife is Tanya Davies MP.|
|Ben Goldfinch||Independent||Elected on Mark Davies' ticket|
Since it signed its first agreement with Fujieda, Japan in 1984, Penrith City has gradually expanded its sister cities and international links programme. Presently Penrith has links with:
- Penrith, Cumbria, England - Sister City
- Fujieda City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan - Sister City
- Hakusan City (incorporating Matto City), Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan - Friendship City
- Kunshan, Jiangsu Province, China - Friendship City
- Xicheng District of Beijing City, China - Mutual Co-operation Agreement
- Gangseo-gu, Seoul, Republic of Korea - Mutual Co-operation Agreement
The partnerships enable educational, business and cultural links between the cities.
The City of Penrith has five local newspapers (Nepean News, Western News, Western Weekender, Penrith Gazette and Penrith Press) and one radio station, Vintage FM. Other publications produced locally include Family Life and In Nepean.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Penrith (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "History of Local Government development in the Penrith and Surrounding Districts". Penrith City Council. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Penrith (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Penrith (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- "Penrith City Council - East Ward: Final Result in Order of Standing" (PDF). Local Government Elections 2012. Australian Election Company. 18 September 2012. p. 80. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
- "Penrith City Council - North Ward: Final Result in Order of Standing" (PDF). Local Government Elections 2012. Australian Election Company. 18 September 2012. p. 104. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
- "Penrith City Council - South Ward: Final Result in Order of Standing" (PDF). Local Government Elections 2012. Australian Election Company. 18 September 2012. p. 94. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
- Francis, Rosemary (20 December 2007), "Hitchen, Tricia", The Australian Women's Register Retrieved 11 July 2014
- Schiller, Emma (25 September 2012). "Mark Davies the new Penrith mayor". Penrith Press. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2012.