Video Core Next

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Video Core Next is AMD's brand for its dedicated video encoding and decoding hardware core. It is a family of hardware accelerator designs for encoding and decoding video, and is built into AMD's graphics processing units (GPUs) since AMD Raven Ridge, released January 2018.


Video Core Next is AMD's successor to both the Unified Video Decoder and Video Coding Engine designs,[1] which are hardware accelerators for video decoding and encoding, respectively. It can be used to decode, encode and transcode ("sync") video streams, for example, a DVD or Blu-ray Disc to a format appropriate to, for example, a smartphone. Unlike video encoding on a CPU or a general-purpose GPU, Video Core Next is a dedicated hardware core on the processor die. This application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) allows for more power-efficient video processing.[2][3]


Video Core Next supports: MPEG2 Decode, MPEG4 Decode, VC-1 Decode, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC Encode/Decode, HEVC Encode/Decode, and VP9 Decode.[4]

VCN 2.0 is implemented with Navi products and the Renoir APU. The feature set remains the same as VCN 1.0. VCN 3.0 is implemented with Navi 2 products.[5]

Video Core Next Video decoding/encoding support[4]
Implementation H.262 (MPEG-2) MPEG-4 VC-1/ WMV 9 H.264 (MPEG-4 AVC) H.265 (HEVC) VP9 AV1 JPEG 4:4:4 (Chroma Subsampling)
Decoding Decoding Decoding Decoding / Encoding Decoding / Encoding Decoding Decoding Decoding
VCN 1.0 Raven, Picasso Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
VCN 2.0 Navi (RDNA1)
VCN 2.2 Renoir, Cezanne Yes Yes
VCN 2.5 Arcturus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
VCN 2.6 Aldebaran[6] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
VCN 3.0 Navi 2, Van Gogh (RDNA2)[7][8] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes (?K decoding) Yes (?K decoding) Yes Yes
VCN 3.1 Rembrandt (RDNA2)[9] ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

See also[edit]

Hardware video hardware technologies[edit]






  1. ^ Larabel, Michael (17 November 2017). "Radeon VCN Encode Support Lands In Mesa 17.4 Git". Phoronix. Retrieved 20 November 2017.
  2. ^ "Intel's Second-Gen Core CPUs: The Sandy Bridge Review - Sandy Bridge's Secret Weapon: Quick Sync". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
  3. ^ "The Sandy Bridge Review: Intel Core i7-2600K, i5-2500K and Core i3-2100 Tested". AnandTech. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
  4. ^ a b "X.Org: Radeon Feature Matrix – Video Core Next".
  5. ^ "AMD Lands VCN 3.0 Video Encode Support For Navi 2 / Sienna Cichlid - Phoronix". Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  6. ^ "AMD Radeon "Aldebaran" GPU Support Published For Next-Gen CDNA". Retrieved 2021-07-05.
  7. ^ "AMD Radeon Navi 2 / VCN 3.0 Supports AV1 Video Decoding - Phoronix". Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  8. ^ "AMD's Van Gogh Chips to Have DDR5, Navi 2 Graphics". Retrieved 2021-08-15.
  9. ^ "AMD Radeon RX 6000 GPU specs spotted in MacOS beta code". Retrieved 2021-07-03.