Radeon Pro

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AMD Radeon Pro
Radeon Pro Logo
Design firmAdvanced Micro Devices
TypeProfessional workstations

Radeon Pro is AMD's brand of professional oriented GPUs. It replaced AMD's FirePro brand in 2016. Compared to the Radeon brand for mainstream consumer/gamer products, the Radeon Pro brand is intended for use in workstations and the running of computer-aided design (CAD), computer-generated imagery (CGI), digital content creation (DCC), high-performance computing/GPGPU applications, and the creation and running of virtual reality programs and games.[1]

The Radeon Pro product line directly competes with Nvidia's Quadro line of professional workstation cards.[2]

Products[edit]

Radeon Pro Duo 2016[edit]

The first card to be released under the Radeon Pro name was the dual GPU Radeon Pro Duo in April 2016. The card features 2 liquid cooled R9 300 Nano cores & was marketed strongly for both the running and creation of virtual reality content with the slogan "For Gamers Who Create and Creators Who Game".[3][4] The aesthetics and marketing of the Pro Duo follow that of the rest of the Fury products in the 300 series.

Radeon Pro SSG[edit]

Fiji Radeon Pro SSG[edit]

Using AMD Radeon's GCN 1.2 architecture, the Radeon Pro SSG was unveiled in July 2016. SSG stands for Solid State Graphics, and the card will couple AMD's Fiji core with solid-state storage to increase the frame buffer for rendering. This expansion of quick access storage will, therefore, relieve the issue of latency that occurs when a GPU has to retrieve information from a mass storage device via the CPU when a card's limited VRAM is maxed out in heavy workloads.[5] Users will be able to add up to 1TB of PCIe M.2 NAND flash memory to improve render and scrubbing times.[6] AMD demonstrated a 5.3 fold increase in performance on 8K video scrubbing.[7] This SSD storage space can be made available to the operating system or controlled entirely by the GPU.[8] The Fiji-based Radeon Pro SSG card was available as a beta program.[9][10]

Vega Radeon Pro SSG[edit]

In July 2017 AMD released the Vega based the Radeon Pro SSG.[11] The card utilizes 16GB of second generation ECC high bandwidth memory (HBM2), an upgrade from the Fiji-based card's 4GB of first generation HBM memory. The Vega card also increased the built in solid-state storage to 2TB.

Radeon Pro WX series[edit]

Radeon Pro WX series are graphics cards designed specifically for professional applications used in engineering, design, content creation, and science. The first Radeon Pro cards with the WX prefix to be announced were the WX 7100, the WX 5100 and the WX 4100 in July 2016.[2] These Polaris based cards are once again aimed at the traditional professional market and are set to replace the FirePro Wx100 series and FirePro Wx300 series. These cards, along with the Pro SSG, will use the new, non-toxic and energy efficient YInMn Blue, discovered by Mas Subramanian. This unique aesthetic for the Radeon Pro line will distinguish the professional products from the consumer Radeon series.[12]

The smallest card, the half-height WX 4100, is marketed for use in small form factor workstations.[13] Designed for real-time content engines and CAD and CAM manufacturing, the WX 5100 fits in between the WX 4100 and the WX 7100 in terms of performance, with the latter once again marketed with emphasis on the application of VR and other media creation, while claiming to be "The Most Affordable Workstation Solution".[1]

In June 2017, AMD announced the addition of the lower power WX 2100 and WX 3100 cards to the Radeon Pro WX series.[14] Both cards are based on the Polaris GPU and are rated at 1.25 TFLOPS. The WX 2100 has 2 GB of GDDR5 SDRAM, while the WX 3100 has 4 GB of GDDR5 memory.

In September 2017, AMD launched the WX 9100 based on the Vega architecture. The card features 16 GB of ECC HBM2 memory and is rated at 12.29 TFLOPS.[15] As the new flagship of the WX line, it greatly exceeds the performance of the older WX 7100 which is rated at 5.73 TFLOPS.[16] The WX 9100 has ISV (Independent Software Vendor) certified drivers for professional applications including Siemens NX, PTC Creo, Dassault Systèmes CATIA and 3DExperience Platform, Dassault Systèmes SOLIDWORKS, and Autodesk® Revit®.[17] The WX 9100 is particularly well-suited for mission critical workloads and complex scientific modeling because the ECC memory helps correct "single or double bit error as a result of naturally occurring background radiation."[18]

Radeon Pro 400 series[edit]

Mobile Radeon Pro parts were first revealed with the release of the 2016 update to the Apple 15" MacBook Pro.[19] These appear to be Polaris 11 derived parts with 10-16 4th generation GCN compute units, providing between 1 and 1.86 TFLOPS of performance.[20][21]

Radeon Pro Duo 2017[edit]

In April 2017 AMD announced a new version of the Radeon Pro Duo for release the following month.[22] The newer version of the Pro Duo utilizes dual GPUs from the Polaris architecture, using the same GPUs as in the WX7100. While this results a smaller number of compute units and lower theoretical performance, it allows for the inclusion of 32GB GDDR5 SDRAM and a lower board power.

Radeon Vega Frontier Edition[edit]

AMD announced in May 2017 the Radeon Vega Frontier Edition, for release in June of that year.[23][24] While not branded as a Pro product, the card is marketed within the Radeon Pro series.[25] The Radeon Vega Frontier Edition uses the new "Next-Gen Compute Unit" and 16GB of HBM2 memory for an expected 13.1 TFLOPs of single precision and 26.2 TFLOPs of half precision performance. Ultimately, two Frontier Edition products were released with either air or liquid cooling.[26] The liquid cooling part supported a higher TDP, and was able to reach and sustain higher clock speeds,[27] but otherwise the two products have similar hardware specifications.

Radeon Pro 500 series[edit]

Released in conjunction with the 2017 Apple iMac refresh, the Radeon Pro 500 series serve as GPUs for the 4K and 5K Retina Display iMacs.[28] The 500 series ranges supports 2 to 8 GB of graphics RAM with performance from 1.3 to 5.5 TFLOPS.

Radeon Pro Vega[edit]

The Radeon Pro Vega product line of GPUs were first announced in 2017 as a part of Apple's iMac Pro.[29] The two models, 56 and 64, support 8 and 16 GB of HBM2 memory, respectively.

Software[edit]

Project Loom[edit]

At an AMD event in 2016 Project Loom was announced as a collaboration between AMD and Radiant Images.[30] The real-time GPU accelerated photo and video stitching program will complement AMD's virtual reality development platform. While traditional photo stitching is not that much of a complex task, Project Loom aims to improve render times when tasked with the heavy workload of stitching together multiple high resolution angles to form a 360 degree VR experience, either to headsets or mobile devices.[31] Using AMD's Direct GMA protocol, the software allows Radeon Pro graphics cards to work directly with video capture hardware to stitch together a 30 fps, 360 degree 4k resolution video from 24, 1080p cameras at 60 fps.[32]

The software is to be competitive with Nvidia's VRWorks 360 Video SDK, and is reportedly set to be made open-source through GPUOpen.[33]

ProRender[edit]

The successor to FireRender, Radeon ProRender works with high-end graphics programs as an OpenCL photorealistic offline 3D renderer and raytracing engine.[34] ProRender aims to compete with programs such as NVIDIA's Iray and other expensive, proprietary solutions. However, AMD is making ProRender free, open source and available for all graphics hardware.[31] ProRender was released by AMD in June 2016 with support for Blender, 3D Studio Max, SolidWorks, and Maya.[35]

Driver[edit]

API OpenGL 4.5 is supported and 4.6 is in development. API Vulkan 1.0 is supported for all with GCN Architecture. Vulkan 1.1 (GCN 2. Gen. or 1.2 and higher) will be supported with actual drivers in 2018. [36]

Radeon Pro drivers allows to professional GPUs to use Single-Precision computational power to do Double-Precision calculations[37], at the cost of 3 FP32 operations for 1 FP64 operation.

But it is also dependent from GCN Generation. In 4th Generation FP64 is 1/16 of FP32. FP16 is double to FP32 in GCN 5th Gen. In 1st Gen to 4th it is equal to FP32.

So the theoretical amount of FP64 performance for AMD Radeon Pro GPUs, is calculated by the following formula:

FP64 in this case is the native performance supported by hardware.

Chipset table[edit]

Workstation[edit]

Radeon Pro WX x100, SSG, Duo and V series[edit]

Model
(Codename)
Launch Architecture
(Fab)
Transistors
Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(TFLOPS)
Memory TBP (W) Bus interface Graphic output Port Release Price (USD)
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Half Single Double[f] Bus type &
width (bit)
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon Pro
WX 2100[38][39][40]
June 2017 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
103 mm2 512:32:16
(8)
1219 39.0 19.5 SP 1.25 0.078 GDDR5
64
2 6000 48 <35 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1x DP 1.4
2x mini-DP 1.4
$150
Radeon Pro
WX 3100[38][41]
June 2017 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
103 mm2 512:32:16
(8)
1219 39.0 19.5 SP 1.25 0.078 GDDR5
128
4 6000 96 <50 PCIe 3.0 ×16 1x DP 1.4
2x mini-DP 1.4
$200
Radeon Pro
WX 4100
(Polaris 11)[42][43][44][45][46][47]
November 2016 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
3000×106
123 mm2
1024:64:16
(16)
925
1170
59.2
74.9
14.8
18.7
SP 1.89
2.40
0.118
0.15
GDDR5
128
4 7000 112 50 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4x mini-DP 1.4 $399
Radeon Pro
WX 5100
(Polaris 10)[43][44][45][48][47]
November 2016 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
5700×106
232 mm2
1792:112:32
(28)
926
1090
103.7
122.1
29.6
34.9
SP 3.32
3.91
0.208
0.244
GDDR5
256
8 6600 211.2 75 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4x Display
Port 1.4
$499
Radeon Pro
WX 7100
(Polaris 10)[43][44][45][49][50][47]
November 2016 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
5700×106
232 mm2
2304:144:32
(36)
900
1240
115.2
158.7
28.8
39.7
SP 4.15
5.71
0.259
0.357
GDDR5
256
8 8000 256 130 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4x Display
Port 1.4
$799
Radeon Pro
WX 8200
(Vega) [51]
August 2018 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12500×106
484mm2
3584:224:64
(56)
1200
1530
342.7 97.92 2x SP 10.967 1/16 SP HBM2
2048
8 2000 512 <230 PCIe 3.0 ×16 4x mini-DP 1.4 $999
Radeon Pro
WX 9100
(Vega)[52][53][54][55][56][57][58]
September 2017 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12500×106
484mm2
4096:256:64[59]
(64)
1500 384.0 96.0 24.576
2x SP
12.288 0.768
1/16 SP
HBM2
2048
16 1890 483.84 <250 PCIe 3.0 ×16 6x mini-DP 1.4 $2,199
Radeon Pro
SSG
(Fiji) (prototype only)[60]
July 2016 GCN 3rd gen
(28 nm)
8900×106
596 mm2
4096:256:64 (64) 1000? 256? 64.0? 8.192? 8.192? 0.512? HBM + SSG
4096
4 + 1TB 1000 512 200? PCIe 3.0 ×16 Unknown $9,999
Radeon Pro
SSG
(Vega)[61][54][56][57]
September 2017 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12500×106
484 mm2
4096:256:64[59]
(64)
1500 384.0 96.0 24.6 12.29 0.768 HBM2 + SSG
2048
16 + 2TB 1890 483.84 <300 PCIe 3.0 ×16 6x mini-DP 1.4 $6,999
Radeon Pro
Duo Polaris
(Polaris 10)[43][44][45][62][63][47][64]
April 2017 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)
5700×106
2x232 mm2
2× 2304:128:32
(2x36)

1243
179.0 ×2 39.78 ×2 SP 2x 5.728
=11.45
1/16 SP GDDR5
2x256
2x16 7000 2x224 <250 PCIe 3.0 ×16 3x DP 1.4
1x HDMI 2.0
$999
Radeon Pro
V340 (Vega) (Single for server)[65]
Q4 2018 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12500×106
2x484 mm2
3584:224:64
(2x56)
852
1000
224.0 64.0 2x SP 7.168 1/16 SP HBM2
2048
16 2000 512 230 PCIe 3.0 ×16 no
outputs
Unknown
Radeon Pro
V340 MxGPU (Vega) (Dual for server)[66][67][68]
Q4 2018 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12500×106
2x484 mm2
2× 3584:224:64
(2x56)
852
1000
2x 224.0 2x 64.0 2x SP 2x 7.168
=14.34
1/16 SP HBM2
2x2048
2x16 2000? 2x512 300 PCIe 3.0 ×16 no
outputs
Unknown
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units and (Compute Units)
  6. ^ To calculate driver enabled FP64 processing power see driver.



Radeon Vega Frontier Edition series[edit]

Model
(Codename)
Launch Architecture
(Fab)
Transistors
Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(GFLOPS)
Memory TBP Bus interface Release Price (USD)
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Half Single Double Bus type
& width
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon Vega Frontier Edition
(Air Cooled)[69][70]
27 June 2017 GCN 5th gen
(14 nm)
12.5×109
484 mm2
4096:256:64 1382
1600
409.6 102.4 22643
26214
11321
13107
707.6
819.2
HBM2
2048-bit
16 1890 483.8 300 W PCIe 3.0 ×16 $999
Radeon Vega Frontier Edition
(Liquid Cooled)[69][70]
350 W $1499
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units


Mobile Workstation[edit]

Radeon Pro 400 series[edit]

Model
(Codename)
Release Date Architecture
Fab
Transistors
& Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(GFLOPS)
Memory TDP Bus interface
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Single Double Bus type
& width
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon Pro 450 [71][72][73][74][75] October 2016 GCN 4th gen
14 nm
3.0×109
123 mm2
640:40:16
10 CU
725
775
29
31
11.6
12.4
928
992
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
2 5000 80 35 W PCIe 3.0 ×16
Radeon Pro 455 [71][72][73][76] October 2016 768:48:16
12 CU
850 40.8 13.6 1305.6 1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
2 5000 80 35 W
Radeon Pro 460 [71][72][73][77] October 2016 1024:64:16
16 CU
850
910
54.4
58.2
13.6
14.56
1740.8
1863.7
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
4 5000 80 35 W
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units and Compute Units (CU)


Radeon Pro 500 series (for Apple iMac)[edit]

Model
(Codename)
Release Date Architecture
Fab
Transistors
& Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(GFLOPS)
Memory TDP Bus interface
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Single Double Bus type
& width
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon Pro
555
(Polaris 21) [78][79][80][81]
June 2017 GCN 4th gen
14 nm
3.0×109
123 mm2
768:48:16
12 CU
850 40.8 13.6 1306
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
2 5100 81.60 75 W PCIe 3.0 ×16
Radeon Pro
555X
(Polaris 21) [78][79][80][82]
July 2018 768:48:16
12 CU
907 43.54 14.51 1393
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
4 5100 81.60 75 W
Radeon Pro
560
(Polaris 21) [78][79][80][83]
June 2017 1024:64:16
16 CU
907 58.05 14.51 1858
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
4 5080 81.28 75 W
Radeon Pro
560X
(Polaris 21) [78][79][80][84]
July 2018 1024:64:16
16 CU
1004 64.26 16.06 2056
1/16 SP GDDR5
128-bit
4 5080 81.28 75 W
Radeon Pro
570
(Polaris 20) [78][79][80][85]
June 2017 5.7×109
232 mm2
1792:112:32
28 CU
1000 112 32 3584
1/16 SP GDDR5
256-bit
4 6800 217.6 120 W
Radeon Pro
575
(Polaris 20) [78][79][80][86]
June 2017 2048:128:32
32 CU
1100 140.8 35.2 4506
1/16 SP GDDR5
256-bit
4 6800 217.6 120 W
Radeon Pro
580
(Polaris 20) [78][79][80][87]
June 2017 2304:144:32
36 CU
1100
1200

172.8

38.4
5530
1/16 SP GDDR5
256-bit
8 6800 217.0 150 W
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units and Compute Units (CU)


Radeon Pro WX mobile series[edit]

  • Half Precision Power (FP16) is equal single precision power (FP32) in 4th GCN Generation (in 5th Gen: Half Precision (FP16) = 2x SP (FP32))
Model
(Codename)
Launch Architecture
(Fab)
Transistors
Die Size
Core Fillrate[a][b][c] Processing power[a][d]
(GFLOPS)
Memory TDP (W) Bus interface Release Price (USD)
Config[e] Clock[a] (MHz) Texture (GT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Single Double Bus type
& width (bit)
Size (GiB) Clock (MT/s) Band-
width (GB/s)
Radeon Pro
WX 2100 (Mobile)
(Polaris 12)[88]
March 2017 GCN 4th gen
(14 nm)[89]
2.2×109
101 mm2
512:32:16:8 ?
? ? 1250
78
1/16 SP
GDDR5
64-bit
2 6000 48 35 PCIe 3.0 ×16 $ 149
Radeon Pro
WX 3100 (Mobile)
(Polaris 12)[90][91]
March 2017 512:32:16:8 ?
? ? 1250
78
1/16 SP
GDDR5
128-bit
4 6000 96 50 $ 199
Radeon Pro
WX 4130 Mobile
(Polaris 11)[92]
March 2017 3.0×109
123 mm2
640:40:16:10 1000
1050
16.85 42.12 1348
84.24
1/16 SP
GDDR5
128-bit
4 6000 96 50 Unknown
Radeon Pro
WX 4150 Mobile
(Polaris 11)[93]
March 2017 896:56:16:14 1000
1050
16.85 58.97 1887
118
1/16 SP
GDDR5
128-bit
4 6000 96 50 Unknown
Radeon Pro
WX 4170 Mobile
(Polaris 11)[94]
March 2017 1024:64:16:16 1000
1050
16.85 67.39 2157
135
1/16 SP
GDDR5
128-bit
4 7000 112 50 $ 399 See WX4100
Radeon Pro
WX 7100 Mobile
(Polaris 10)[95]
March 2017 5.7×109
232 mm2
2304:144:32:36 1188 39.78 179.0 5728
358
1/16 SP
GDDR5
256-bit
8 5000 160 130 $ 799 See WX7100
  1. ^ a b c Boost values (if available) are stated below the base value in italic.
  2. ^ Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of Texture Mapping Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  3. ^ Pixel fillrate is calculated as the number of Render Output Units multiplied by the base (or boost) core clock speed.
  4. ^ Precision performance is calculated from the base (or boost) core clock speed based on a FMA operation.
  5. ^ Unified Shaders : Texture Mapping Units : Render Output Units : Compute Units

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b Ung, Gordon Mah (25 July 2016). "AMD introduces a new Radeon Pro WX series to replace FirePro". PC World. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
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  5. ^ Evangelho, Jason (26 July 2016). "AMD's Radeon Pro SSG Could Be A Game Changer For Developers And Content Creators". Forbes. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
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  7. ^ Chiappetta, Marco (25 July 2016). "AMD Unveils Radeon Solid State Storage Architecture And 1TB Radeon Pro SSG For Massive Pro Graphics Datasets". Hot Hardware. Retrieved 26 July 2016.
  8. ^ Alcorn, Paul (8 August 2016). "Examining AMD Radeon Pro SSG: How NAND Changes The GPU Game". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
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  16. ^ "Radeon™ Pro WX 7100". AMD. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  17. ^ "Radeon™ Pro WX 9100". AMD. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  18. ^ "Radeon™ Pro WX 9100". AMD. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  19. ^ Cunningham, Andrew (27 October 2016). "Apple introduces brand-new 13- and 15-inch MacBook Pros for $1,799 and $2,399". Ars Technica. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
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  24. ^ Smith, Ryan (17 May 2017). "AMD Unveils the Radeon Vega Frontier Edition". Anandtech. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  25. ^ "Radeon Vega Frontier Edition". AMD. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  26. ^ Forrest, Derek (27 June 2017). "AMD Vega Frontier Edition Now Available For Pre-Order With $999 Price Tag". Tom's Hardware. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  27. ^ Shrout, Ryan (17 July 2017). "The AMD Radeon Vega Frontier Edition 16GB Liquid-Cooled Review". PC Perspective. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  28. ^ Kampman, Jeff (5 June 2017). "iMacs and MacBook Pros take a dip in Kaby Lake". Tech Report. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  29. ^ Manion, Wayne (12 December 2017). "iMac Pro details and release date come into focus". Tech Report. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  30. ^ "Radiant Images and AMD Collaborate on Project Loom, a Multi-Cam Real-Time 360 Stitching Platform". radiantimages.com. 21 August 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  31. ^ a b Demerjian, Charlie (July 25, 2016). "AMD unveils Loom and ProRender software". semiaccurate.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  32. ^ Lang, Ben (July 26, 2016). "AMD Announces Radeon Pro WX 7100 GPU Focused on Professional VR Film Editing". roadtovr.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  33. ^ Kampman, Jeff (July 26, 2016). "Nvidia and AMD ease 360-degree video production with new APIs". techreport.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  34. ^ Killian, Zak (July 26, 2016). "AMD FireRender is now the open-source Radeon ProRender". techreport.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  35. ^ Michaud, Scott (28 June 2017). "AMD Releases Radeon ProRender for Blender and SolidWorks". PC Perspective. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  36. ^ https://www.khronos.org/conformance/adopters/conformant-products
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External links[edit]