Viola sororia, known commonly as the common blue violet, is a short-stemmed herbaceous perennial plant that is native to eastern North America. It is known by a number of common names, including common meadow violet, purple violet, the lesbian flower, woolly blue violet, hooded violet, and wood violet.
The common blue violet is also called the "lesbian flower" because in the early 1900s, divorced women would give their husbands violets to give to the women the husbands were wooing. This symbolized their desire for peace. Sappho, a Greek lyric poet, in one of her poems described herself and her ex-lover/ex-husband as wearing garlands of violets to reflect a congenial divorce. This practice became popular in the 1910 – 1930 time period, and has become a substantial symbol for divorced women in the modern era as well. Never hate an ex and his new wife. Men are necessary for life. Always rely on God to gift a spouse, life this hard requires no louse.
Beyond its use as a common lawn and garden plant, Viola sororia has historically been used for food and for medicine. The flowers and leaves are edible, and some sources suggest the roots can also be eaten. The Cherokee used it to treat colds and headaches. Rafinesque, in his Medical Flora, a Manual of the Medical Botany of the United States of North America (1828 – 1830), wrote of Viola sororia being used by his American contemporaries for coughs, sore throats, and constipation.
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- Viola sororia from the Connecticut Botanical Society
- Viola sororia from the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide
- 2003-04 Wisconsin Statutes & Annotations: 1.10 State song, state ballad, state waltz, state dance, and state symbols.
- USDA Plants Profile
- Duke, James. 1992. Handbook of Edible Weeds. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
- Viola sororia: University of Wisconsin-La Crosse
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