|500/1 Violin Bass|
Left-handed Höfner 500/1 Vintage '62 World History LH
|Manufacturer||Karl Höfner GmbH & Co.|
|Body||Spruce (Top), Maple (Back/Sides)|
|Bridge||Höfner Ebony Bridge|
|Pickup(s)||Höfner 511B Humbucking Pickups|
The Höfner 500/1 violin bass (nicknamed the "Beatle bass" or "Cavern bass") is a hollow-bodied bass guitar manufactured by Höfner under several varieties. It was introduced in the mid-1950s and gained celebrity status during the 1960s as one of the primary basses used by Paul McCartney of The Beatles.
In 1955, Walter Höfner designed an electrically amplified, semi-acoustic bass guitar. The hollow body made this style of guitar very light and easy to play, as well as giving it a rich tone, similar to that of the traditional double bass. The bass was first shown to the public at the Frankfurt Music Fair in the spring of 1956. A major boost for the bass came in early 1961, when it caught the eye of a young Paul McCartney.
McCartney, who is left-handed, was drawn to the bass because he felt that its symmetrical shape would mean that playing it left-handed would not look as awkward as using a cutaway guitar designed for a right-handed player:
"I remember going along there, and there was this bass which was quite cheap. I couldn't afford a Fender. Fenders even then seemed to be about £100. All I could really afford was about £30 ... so for about £30 I found this Hofner violin bass. And to me it seemed like, because I was left-handed, it looked less daft because it was symmetrical. Didn't look as bad as a cutaway which was the wrong way. So I got into that."
McCartney eventually acquired two guitars of this model: his original 1961 model, and a 1963 model  Afterward, McCartney mainly played the 1963 model, leaving the original as a backup. In 1964, he had his 1961 model refinished in sunburst and had new pickups and an updated pickup surround system installed. He can be seen using this bass in the "Revolution" promo video, strangely with the strap attached to the top of the headstock instead of the neck heel strap button. He continued to regularly use the violin bass until 1965, when he switched to a Rickenbacker 4001S; afterward, he would rotate between the two, the 1963 making its last Beatle appearance at the Apple rooftop concert. Sometime during the recording of Let It Be, the 1961 model was stolen from Abbey Road Studios, along with George Harrison's Gretsch Tennessean and Rickenbacker 360/12. McCartney switched to using his 1963 model for the remainder of the album. He switched back to the Rickenbacker for the recording of Abbey Road and he even used it with Wings and his solo career. As of 2017, he is still in possession of the 1963 bass, and regularly uses it for performances.
A Höfner bass on display at the Beatles-Museum Biebelnheim
The following variations are currently sold by Höfner:
- 500/1 Vintage '58 re-issue
- 500/1 Vintage '59 re-issue
- 500/1 Cavern Bass (no longer available from Höfner)
- 500/1 Vintage '61 Cavern Bass (2011 model - based on Paul McCartney's original specs)
- 500/1 Vintage '62 "Mersey"
- 500/1 Vintage '63 (no longer in production)
- 500/1 Vintage '64 (replaced '63)
- 500/1 125th Anniversary 'Black Violin Bass'
- 5000/1 Deluxe Bass (no longer in production)
- 500/1 KV 60th Anniversary model with graphics designed by Klaus Voormann
- H500/1-CT Contemporary Series
- Icon series B-Bass, made in China (name changed to Ignition for legal reasons in 2010)
- Höfner produced limited runs of the Icon B Bass in 5 custom color schemes. Only 150 of each color were manufactured and made available for sale in 2008.
- In 2008, the Icon B Bass was also issued in a limited edition "Dark Burst" finish, of which 88 were produced.
- HI series B-Bass (Ignition), made in Indonesia, from 2010
Due to the cost of the official Höfner bass, several guitar companies offer more affordable versions of the "violin bass". These include Greco, Epiphone, Tokai, El Degas, Jay Turser, Duesenberg, Rogue, Douglas, Harley Benton and Eko. These range anywhere from US$200 to $1,500. Höfner themselves make an affordable version of their famous bass (the Ignition).
Other 500/1 players
- Satomi Matsuzaki of Deerhoof
- Angel Deradoorian
- Kevin Parker of Tame Impala
- Robbie Shakespeare
- Chris Wood (jazz musician) of Medeski Martin and Wood The Wood Brothers
- Brian Oaksford of Lactose Quervo and Eyeball.
In popular culture
The Höfner 500/1 appeared in Guitar Hero II while the Epiphone Viola appeared in Guitar Hero: Aerosmith. A replica of the Höfner bass used by McCartney (albeit right-handed) is used as the basis for a guitar controller, included with the special edition bundle of The Beatles: Rock Band.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- North Coast Music: Hofner Bass Specification Table
- "Let It Be" film, Apple Corps.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 6, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
- Violin Style Bass Guitars
- Taylor, Angus (26 June 2012). "Interview: Robbie Shakespeare". United Reggae: Online Reggae Magazine. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
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