|Broadcast area||Charlottesville, Virginia|
Albemarle County, Virginia
|Branding||"NewsRadio 1070 and 98.9 FM WINA"|
|Slogan||"Breaking News, Stimulating Talk"|
|Frequency||1070 AM kHz|
|First air date||October, 1949|
|Power||5,000 Watts day and night|
|Callsign meaning||originally pronounced as "winner"|
|Former frequencies||1280 kHz (1949-1954)|
1450 kHz (1954-1956)
1400 kHz (1956-1966)
|Affiliations||CBS, Virginia Sports Radio Network|
|Owner||Saga Communications |
(Tidewater Communications, LLC)
|Sister stations||WCNR, WQMZ, WVAX, WWWV|
WINA is a News/Talk/Sports formatted broadcast radio station licensed to Charlottesville, Virginia, serving Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. WINA is owned and operated by Saga Communications.
WINA was granted its license to broadcast on October 10, 1949; the station signed on soon afterwards as a 1,000-watt daytimer on 1280 kHz with a full service format. Behind WCHV, it was the city's second radio station. It was owned by Charlottesville Broadcasting Corp. and had studios at 4th and East Main Streets in downtown Charlottesville. In the earliest advertisements, the station was branded as "The WINA!", implying a pronunciation as the word "winner". In modern times, the station's callsign is pronounced phonetically.
Network radio was still dominant in 1949, but there were no available networks with which to affiliate, and so WINA was to start entirely reliant on local programming. WCHV was affiliated with ABC, WJMA Orange was affiliated with Mutual, and CBS and NBC were available to some from WRVA and WMBG in Richmond, respectively. In 1951, it obtained a short-lived affiliation with the Liberty Broadcasting System. After LBS went under in 1952, WINA gained affiliations with Mutual and the Keystone Broadcasting System, a radio transcription network rebroadcasting major-network scripted programs to areas that lacked local affiliates. By then, the station had settled into a format of middle-of-the-road music, news, and scripted network programs.
WINA changed frequencies twice during this period. In 1954, it moved to 1450 kHz and gained permission to commence night operation at 250 watts, reducing daytime power to match. Two years later, it moved to 1400 kHz in order to increase back to 1 kW during the day.
In May 1957, Charlottesville Broadcasting merged with the James Madison Broadcasting Corporation, owners of WJMA. The combined entity was still known as Charlottesville Broadcasting Corp., and the stations were managed independently. The two stations joined NBC together on October 1, 1958. WJMA was sold off in April 1961.
After eight years with NBC, WINA switched to CBS on October 30, 1966, an affiliation that lasts to the present day. This was concurrent with a change to 1070 kHz and another power upgrade to the current 5 kW day and night.
In 1970, farm director Bill Ray began syndicating regional farm news reports in a network known as Agrinet. In the mid-1970s, this involved into the full-fledged Virginia Network, carrying news bulletins and Virginia Cavaliers sports. WINA spun off the network news operation in 1982, but remains the flagship of the Virginia Sports Radio Network.
As late as 1991, WINA's full service format (with the music having evolved to modern adult contemporary) was still the top rated station in Charlottesville, despite having multiple FM competitors. Starting in 1992, the station added satellite-fed talk in addition to some remaining adult contemporary programming. Around 1995, WINA eliminated its remaining music-formatted blocks and transitioned to a full news/talk format. The station now runs news in morning drive and locally produced talk in afternoon drive, with satellite-fed talk and CBS news bulletins filling the rest of the time.
Charlottesville Broadcasting concluded a merger deal with Eure Communications, owners of ratings rival WWWV (97.5 MHz) and WCHV (1260 kHz), in 1997. The FCC scrutinized the sale, as it would have resulted in common ownership of five stations – which it saw as a potential competition-killer in the small market. The sale proceeded after the new company was forced to spin off the two least-valuable properties, WCHV and WKAV (1400 kHz), to Clear Channel. Saga Communications bought Eure's three stations in 2004.
FM and television
In 1954, WINA began simulcasting on the city's first FM station, WINA-FM on 95.3 MHz. Like many early AM-FM combinations, the FM station was merely a relay for the AM station. In order to encourage unique FM programming, the FCC limited simulcasting on a co-owned AM-FM pair to twelve hours per day in 1964. WINA-FM was initially exempt because the rule only applied to large markets, but the FCC made programming separation a condition of Richardson's purchase of Charlottesville Broadcasting. The FM station began airing a separate day (except for a morning drive simulcast) in 1971, followed quickly by a callsign change to WQMC. This station is now WQMZ on 95.1 MHz.
Charlottesville Broadcasting was also the first permittee of television channel 29, which was duly given the callsign WINA-TV. The construction permit was issued on July 13, 1965, and no further actions besides two extensions are recorded. During the company's 1969 sale, then-owner Don Heyne indicated he no longer wanted to build out the permit and could not find a buyer. Richardson also indicated that he did not want to purchase it, but was required to by the purchase agreement. As FCC rules only allow the sale of a permit to an entity that intends to build, the board ordered the permit cancelled and the $55,000 Charlottesville Broadcasting invested into it deducted from the sale price. WVIR, which was to occupy channel 64, then moved to channel 29 and signed on in 1973.
WINA's normal broadcast days consist of a block of news in morning drive and local and satellite-delivered talk for the remainder of the day. The station is affiliated with CBS Radio News, broadcasting hourly bulletins and the CBS World News Roundup at 7 p.m. Syndicated hosts heard on weekdays are Mike Gallagher, Laura Ingraham, Mark Levin, and John Batchelor.
WINA is the flagship station of the Virginia Sports Radio Network, originating the network's live coverage of all men's basketball and football games, as well as weekly coaches' shows. The coaches' shows are scheduled in a 54-minute timeslot, from 7:06 p.m. to 8 p.m., to accommodate the World News Roundup. WINA also carries selected baseball, women's basketball, and men's and women's lacrosse games. The station produces live coverage of the Charlottesville Ten Miler footrace in late March, with commentary duties handled by retired Virginia lacrosse announcer John Freeman.
WINA is relayed by one FM translator. The translator launched on November 29, 2015.
|City of license||Facility
|W255CT||98.9 FM||Charlottesville, Virginia||18875||250 watts||318 m (1,043 ft)||D||FCC|
- "WINA History Card (Facility Record 1949-1968)". Federal Communications Commission.
- "WINA Sample Schedule". Charlottesville Daily Progress. October 17, 1949. p. 2. – From University of Virginia Library. WINA schedule first appears in the Daily Progress on Monday, October 17, 1949.
- Broadcasting and Telecasting Yearbook 1951 (PDF). p. 311.
- Cox, Jim (2009). American Radio Networks: A History. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland and Co. pp. 194–195.
- Broadcasting and Telecasting Yearbook 1953 (PDF). p. 302.
- "WJMA Merges With Station WINA In Charlottesville". RadioHistory.net. May 16, 1957. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- Staff (September 15, 1958). "Two Virginia Outlets Join NBC" (PDF). Broadcasting. p. 38.
- "Orange Radio Station Sold Friday". RadioHistory.net. March 23, 1961. Retrieved July 29, 2015.
- "CBS Radio's 243d" (PDF). Broadcasting. August 15, 1966. p. 65.
- "Sale of WINA stations is approved by FCC" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 15, 1969. p. 50.
- "Radio Executive Laurence Richardson Dies". Washington Post. 21 May 1999.
- The M Street Radio Directory 1991 Edition (PDF). p. 591. -- Format recorded as AC.
- The M Street Radio Directory 1992-93 (PDF). p. 618. -- Starting in 1992, format recorded as AC/satellite-fed talk.
- The M Street Radio Directory 1996 (PDF). p. 587. -- 1996 M Street is the first to record format as news/talk.
- Brown, Sara (November 10, 1997). "Changing hands" (PDF). Broadcasting & Cable. p. 133.
- Spencer, Hawes (March 13, 2003). "MIXed message: Will FCC "clear" WUMX sale?". The Hook (210).
- Venta, Lance (November 29, 2015). "WINA Charlottesville Adds FM Signal". RadioInsight. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
- Felsenthal, Norman. "Simulcasting". Museum of Broadcasting.
- Staff (April 19, 1971). "Changing formats" (PDF). Broadcasting. p. 27.
- Lasar, Matthew (3 November 2015). "1965: the year the FCC helped FM radio take off". Radio Survivor.
- 1967 Television Factbook (PDF) (37th ed.). pp. 142-a.
- FCC Reports, October 24, 1969 to January 30, 1970. 2. 20. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. pp. 808–809.
- "Broadcast Schedule".
- "Coach's Corner Airs Monday". Virginia Athletics.
- "FAQ". Charlottesville Ten Miler.