Walton-on-the-Hill

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Walton-on-the-Hill
Walton Manor, Chequers Lane, Walton-on-the-Hill.jpg
The manor house
Walton-on-the-Hill is located in Surrey
Walton-on-the-Hill
Walton-on-the-Hill
Walton-on-the-Hill shown within Surrey
Population 1,889 [1]
OS grid reference TQ205605
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Tadworth
Postcode district KT20
Dialling code 01737
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°16′48″N 0°14′49″W / 51.28000°N 0.24700°W / 51.28000; -0.24700Coordinates: 51°16′48″N 0°14′49″W / 51.28000°N 0.24700°W / 51.28000; -0.24700

Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, is a village in England midway between the market towns of Reigate and Epsom. It lies on the North Downs, just inside the M25 London orbital motorway and within easy reach of the Surrey Hills AONB (Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty). The village is surrounded by green belt, farmland and protected heathland managed by the Banstead Common Conservators.[2] Along part of its green buffers on all sides, it borders to the north-east its post town, Tadworth. Other neighbouring villages are Kingswood, Headley and Box Hill. The village is served by Tadworth railway station which provides a commuter line into London Bridge Station. At the 2011 Census the population of the village is included in the Tadworth and Walton Ward of Reigate and Banstead Council.

Walton-on-the-Hill has a large pond, a green, a primary school,[3] an independent preparatory school for girls,[4] convenience/repair shops and several public houses.

The village is home to the world-famous Walton Heath Golf Club, whose former members include King Edward VIII, Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George.[5]

History[edit]

The Romans are known to have settled here in the 1st century AD: a substantial villa[6] has been excavated in Sandlands Road, and is believed to have been inhabited until around 400 AD. Roman finds have been discovered here and in the neighbouring village of Headley.

Walton-on-the-Hill lay within the Copthorne hundred, an administrative division devised by the Saxons.

Walton-on-the-Hill was called Waltone in Domesday Book of 1086. It was held by John from Richard Fitz Gilbert. Its Domesday assets were: 2 hides and 1 virgate. It had 5½ ploughs, 1 house in Southwark. It rendered £6.[7] There is an early post-conquest motte within the grounds of Walton Place, the remains of a timber castle.[8] The name Walton comes from settlement/farmstead of Wealas – Anglo-Saxon (Old English) for "Celtic-speaking tribes" or by derivation, "strangers/foreigners", see later form Welsh people and related old-fashioned phrases.[9]

A legal record of 1418 mentioning 'Wauton Athill may refer to the village.[10]

Landmarks[edit]

St Peter's (C of E) Church in the Ecclesiastical Parish of Walton on the Hill

Mound[edit]

This is a scheduled ancient monument built at a date in period from the 11th to 13th centuries, covering a small area in Walton Place by the public road, standing 2.4 metres above the land to all sides. The manor of Walton was held by Richard de Tonbridge soon after the Norman Conquest and later by Gilbert de Clare (or Fitz Richard), both of whom are known to be prolific castle builders, but it was also owned by the Carew family in the early 17th century at which time the manor house was extensively rebuilt, who English Heritage believe therefore slightly altered it as a garden feature.[11]

St Peter's Church[edit]

The church of St Peter partially dates to the 12th century; one of its oldest features is an 800-year-old font, constructed in lead, although this is thought to have originally stood in a chapel alongside the village's manor house, which is equally Grade II* listed. The interior of the church features examples of 16th-century artwork and stained glass. Another old church font was set up as a mounting stone outside the nearby public house.[12][13]

Manor house[edit]

The house has features from the 14th century onwards, though was remodelled in the 16th century and the late 19th century and has been much reduced.[14] Some of the tilework is in the technique of Norman Shaw.

Local oral history has it that the manor house was visited by Henry VIII, and his wife Anne of Cleves is also thought to have stayed here.[12]

Bramley School[edit]

An independent day school for girls aged three to eleven located in the village.[15] The school will close in 2017 and the pupils will move to the new Banstead Preparatory School[16]

Buildings[edit]

There is a wide variety of housing, in size, type and age. The earliest buildings include Walton Manor with its 14th-century foundations and a number of 16th- and 17th-century properties in Walton Street and Deans Lane.[17]

Closer to the centre are smaller Victorian houses, while further out and especially to the south of the village are larger detached houses on private roads. Many of these were built in the early to mid-20th century and include designs by architect Sir Edwin Lutyens and his followers.[17] Prime Minister David Lloyd George owned one such property, Pinfold Manor on Nursery Road. On 19 February 1913, Pinfold Manor was bombed by the Women's Social and Political Union, a militant suffragette group led by Emmeline Pankhurst. The house was repaired and still stands today.[18][19]

Pinfold Manor, built for David LLoyd George in 1912.

In the centre of the village are more recent developments of flats, including retirement flats.

St Cross was a large building to the north of the village which was formerly a boys' school. From 1948 it was a British Transport Police Training Centre with a police dog training school. The building has since been demolished and replaced with a small housing development.

Notable residents[edit]

Prime Minister David Lloyd George[19]

Sir Anthony Hope Hawkins, author

James Braid, champion golfer[20]

Mary Millington, pornographic actress

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Surrey Council census data
  2. ^ http://www.bansteadcommonsconservators.org.uk/Banstead%20Commons%20Conservators%20Links.htm
  3. ^ http://www.walton-on-the-hill.surrey.sch.uk/
  4. ^ http://www.bramleyschool.co.uk/
  5. ^ http://www.waltonheath.com/Heritage/Heritage.aspx
  6. ^ Roman Britain
  7. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ Davis, Philip (13 November 2007). "Walton on the Hill; Leatherhead". The Gatehouse. Retrieved 6 December 2007. 
  9. ^ Field, John (2005). Discovering place-names (4th ed. / rev. by Margaret Gelling. ed.). Princes Risborough: Shire Publ. p. 35. ISBN 9780747806172. 
  10. ^ Plea Rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/629; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/H5/CP40no629/aCP40no629fronts/IMG_0703.htm; third entry, with London in the margin, but places in Surrey mentioned
  11. ^ Mound at Walton Place Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1009519)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Westwood, Jennifer (1985), Albion. A Guide to Legendary Britain. London: Grafton Books. ISBN 0-246-11789-3. p. 241.
  13. ^ Church of St Peter, Grade II* listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1377991)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  14. ^ Manor House – Grade II* listing – Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029054)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  15. ^ The Bramley School website. Retrieved on 11 June 2014.
  16. ^ http://www.greenacre.surrey.sch.uk/banstead-preparatory-school/
  17. ^ a b https://www.reigate-banstead.gov.uk/Images/List%2014%20May%202014_tcm9-10503.pdf
  18. ^ https://history.blog.gov.uk/2013/07/04/mrs-pankhurst-lloyd-george-suffragette-militancy/
  19. ^ a b http://www.telegraph.co.uk/property/periodproperty/7590914/Property-in-Surrey-The-house-the-suffragettes-bombed.html
  20. ^ http://www.fpaterson.com/james-braid---walton-heath-and-amusing-anecdotes.html