White House Office

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White House Office
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1857; 160 years ago (1857)
Headquarters West Wing of the White House
Employees About 150
Agency executive
Parent agency Executive Office of the President of the United States
Website White House Office
President Barack Obama (in the foreground, facing away) meeting April 29, 2009 with senior White House staff.
Individuals present (l–r): David Axelrod (Senior Advisor), Jim Messina (Deputy Chief of Staff), Pete Rouse (Senior Advisor), Rahm Emanuel (Chief of Staff), Robert Gibbs (Press Secretary), Phil Schiliro (Director of Legislative Affairs), Mona Sutphen (Deputy Chief of Staff), Alyssa Mastromonaco (Director of Scheduling and Advance) and Valerie Jarrett (Senior Advisor).

The White House Office is an entity within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The White House Office is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, who is also the head of the Executive Office.[1] The staff of the various offices are based in the West Wing and East Wing of the White House, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, and the New Executive Office Building. It is made up of personal assistants to the president with offices in the White House. These aides oversee the political and policy interests of the president and do not require Senate confirmation for appointment. They can be removed at the discretion of the president (Examples: National Security Adviser, special consultant to the president)

History[edit]

Established in the Executive Office of the President by Reorganization Plan 1 of 1939 and Executive Order 8248 to provide assistance to the President in the performance of his many detailed activities incident to his immediate office. The White House Office is organized in accordance with the wishes of each incumbent President and is directed by staff chosen by the President. A staff authorization was initially established in 1978 (92 Stat. 2445). Some presidential boards, committees, and commissions function organizationally as subunits of the White House Office.[2]

Although still a subunit of the EOP, the White House Office remains the centerpiece of the presidential staff system. In many ways it is closest to the President both in physical proximity, its top aides occupy most of the offices in the West Wing, and in its impact on the day-to-day operations, deliberations, policy agendas, and public communications of a presidency. During the transition to office and continuing throughout an administration, the President enjoys a great deal of discretion in terms of how the White House Office is organized.[1]

Mission[edit]

The issues that confront the United States at any one time can not be dealt with by the President alone, and therefore he (or she) must draw on the expertise to administration and even within an administration as one chief of staff may differ from a predecessor or successor. While Chiefs of Staff may differ in the degree of policy advice they provide a President, they are at base the managers of the White House staff system. At least in theory, they are the coordinators bringing the pieces together; they are the tone-setters and disciplinarians making for good organizational order, and often act as the gatekeeper for the President, overseeing every person, document and communication that goes to the President.[1]

Organization[edit]

Office of the Chief of Staff[edit]

Domestic Policy Council[edit]

National Economic Council[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of the National Economic Council: Gary Cohn[3]

Office of Cabinet Affairs[edit]

Office of Communications[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and White House Communications Director: [5]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Implementation: Jessica Ditto
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Director of Communications for Research: Raj Shah
  • Assistant to the President and Director of Strategic Communications: Hope Hicks[3]
  • Assistant to the President and Director of Social Media: Dan Scavino[3]
  • Office of the Press Secretary
  • Office of Speechwriting

Office of Digital Strategy[edit]

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Chief Digital Officer:

Office of the First Lady[edit]

Office of Information Technology[edit]

  • Special Assistant to the President and Director of White House Information Technology:

Office of Intergovernmental Affairs[edit]

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Intergovernmental Affairs: Justin Clark[8]

Office of Legislative Affairs[edit]

  • Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Marc Short[3]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs: Amy Swonger
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and House Liaison: Bethany Scully
      • Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs and Senate Liaison: Virginia Boney
      • Special Assistant to the President and Policy Special Assistant: Andy Koenig

Office of Management and Administration[edit]

Office of the National Security Advisor[edit]

Office of Political Affairs[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Political Affairs: Bill Stepien[3]

Office of Presidential Personnel[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Presidential Personnel: John DeStefano[3]

Office of Public Liaison[edit]

Office of Scheduling and Advance[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling and Advance:
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Advance: George Gigicos[3]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Scheduling:

Office of the Staff Secretary[edit]

Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy[edit]

Office of the White House Counsel[edit]

  • Assistant to the President and Counsel to the President: Donald McGahn[3]
    • Deputy Assistant to the President and Deputy Counsel to the President: Greg Katsas[12]
    • Special Assistant to the President and Senior Associate Counsel: James Burnham
    • Special Assistant and Senior Associate Counsel: Uttam Dhillon
    • Special Counsel to the President and Chief of Staff to the White House Counsel: Ann Donaldson

Oval Office Operations[edit]

  • Deputy Assistant to the President and Director of Oval Office Operations: Keith Schiller[3]
  • Special Assistant to the President and Executive Assistant to the President: Madeleine Westerhout
  • Special Assistant to the President and Personal Aide to the President: John McEntee[3]

White House Fellows[edit]

White House Military Office[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c John P. Burke. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  2. ^ Harold C. Relyea (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Alexis Simendinger (January 5, 2017). "Trump Plucks Political Pros for White House Staff". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Matthew Nussbaum (January 4, 2017). "Trump names three senior White House staffers". Politico. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  5. ^ Annie Karni, Eli Stokols and Alex Isenstadt (February 17, 2017). "GOP strategist Dubke to run White House communications". Politico. Retrieved February 17, 2017. 
  6. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (February 1, 2017). "First Lady Melania Trump Announces Chief of Staff" (Press release). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved February 5, 2017. 
  7. ^ Betsy Klein (February 8, 2017). "Melania Trump hires White House social secretary". CNN. Retrieved February 8, 2017. 
  8. ^ http://www.courant.com/politics/capitol-watch/hc-west-hartford-s-justin-clark-gets-white-house-post-20170120-story.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Trump taps Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster as his new national security adviser". The Washington Post. February 20, 2017. Retrieved February 20, 2017. 
  10. ^ Tara Palmeri and Ben White (March 15, 2017). "Dina Powell to be named Trump’s deputy national security adviser". Politico. Retrieved March 16, 2017. 
  11. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (March 6, 2017). "President Donald J. Trump Announces White House Staff Appointments" (Press release). WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved March 6, 2017. 
  12. ^ Trump White House Lawyers: How Much Are They Worth? (Part 2), By DAVID LAT Apr 4, 2017