White House Office of the Staff Secretary
The Staff Secretary ("Staff Sec") is a position in the White House Office responsible for managing paper flow to the President and circulating documents among senior staff for comment. It has been referred to as "the nerve center of the White House."
The Office of the Staff Secretary, along with its sub-offices—the Office of the Executive Clerk, the Office of Records Management, and the Office of Presidential Correspondence—is the largest of the White House Offices.
Due to the high volume of important memos, meetings and decisions generated for the President's attention, the Staff Secretary is tasked with deciding which papers should go to the President's desk—and when the paper should be sent to him. These documents range from presidential decision memos and bills passed by Congress to drafts of speeches and samples of correspondence. The Staff Secretary relies on close coordination with Oval Office Operations and the Scheduling Office to decide when and how the President would like to receive documents.
The Staff Secretary's principal role is to review the incoming papers and determine which issues must reach the President. Secondary to this, Staff Sec determines who else in the administration should comment on the issue to give the President a full picture of the situation. Staff Sec then compiles the documents with the relevant commentary for the President's consumption.
Traditionally, the Staff Secretary is a position of great trust due to the influence it can wield over which information is allowed to reach the President, and who is given the opportunity to comment on those issues.
The Staff Secretary or a designated Assistant Staff Secretary always accompanies the President on any work-related travel.
The position was established under President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953, one of the recommendations of the Hoover Commission (Commission on the Organization of the Executive Branch). Under Eisenhower, the first staff secretaries focused particularly on screening national security communications; in this role, Colonel Andrew J. Goodpaster was thought to overshadow the President's special assistant for national security.
With the appointment of businessman Jon Huntsman, Sr., as Staff Secretary in the Richard Nixon White House, the role was vastly expanded to absorb the functions of the Office of Management and Administration. These new roles included personnel management, finance and operations, services (such as access to the White House Mess and limousine fleet), facilities and furniture, and oversight of the Executive Clerk and Visitors Office.
During the Reagan Administration the Offices of the Staff Secretary and the Executive Clerk were reunited with Presidential Correspondence in a configuration that has remained fairly consistent through the subsequent presidencies.
President Trump's second White House Chief of Staff, John F. Kelly, reiterated the importance of the role of the Staff Secretary in managing the flow of information around the White House. His decision to allow a Staff Secretary with only an interim security clearance has been criticized.
List of Staff Secretaries
|Officeholder||Term start||Term end||President|
|Pete Carroll||January 20, 1953||September 17, 1954||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|Andrew Goodpaster||October 1954||January 20, 1961|
|Bill Hartigan||January 20, 1961||August 4, 1961||John F. Kennedy|
|Ken Cole||January 20, 1969||November 1969||Richard Nixon|
|John Brown||November 1969||February 22, 1971|
|Jon Huntsman||February 22, 1971||January 1, 1972|
|Bruce Kehrli||January 1, 1972||May 1974|
|Jerry Jones||May 1974||May 1975|
|James Connor||June 1975||January 20, 1977|
|Richard Hutcheson||January 20, 1977||January 20, 1981||Jimmy Carter|
|David Gergen||January 20, 1981||June 17, 1981||Ronald Reagan|
|Dick Darman||June 17, 1981||February 1, 1985|
|David Chew||February 1, 1985||April 1987|
|Rhett Dawson||April 1987||Fall 1988|
|Jim Cicconi||January 20, 1989||December 1990||George H. W. Bush|
|Phillip Brady||January 14, 1991||January 20, 1993|
|John Podesta||January 20, 1993||June 30, 1995||Bill Clinton|
|Todd Stern||June 30, 1995||March 11, 1998|
|Phillip Caplan||March 11, 1998||Spring 1999|
|Sean Maloney||Spring 1999||2000|
|Lisel Loy||2000||January 20, 2001|
|Harriet Miers||January 20, 2001||June 6, 2003||George W. Bush|
|Brett Kavanaugh||June 6, 2003||May 30, 2006|
|Raul Yanes||June 3, 2006||January 20, 2009|
|Lisa Brown||January 20, 2009||Early 2011||Barack Obama|
|Raj De||Early 2011||April 2012|
|Douglas Kramer||April 2012||February 2013|
|Joani Walsh||2014||January 20, 2017|
|Rob Porter||January 20, 2017||February 7, 2018||Donald Trump|
|Derek Lyons||February 7, 2018
Acting: February 7, 2018 – June 6, 2018
- "White House Staff Disclosure 2014". WhiteHouse.gov. Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "Office of the Staff Secretary" (PDF). WhiteHouseTransitionProject.org. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- Description of creation of staff secretary position
- "Staff Secretary". NixonLibrary.gov. Retrieved November 26, 2014.
- Maggie Haberman (August 24, 2017). "John Kelly's Latest Mission: Controlling the Information Flow to Trump". The New York Times. Retrieved August 25, 2017.