Source material from which Wikipedia statistics in this article are derived is available; the Footnote on WikiStatistics section at the end of this page provides technical discussion of this article.
- 1 Wikipedia
- 2 Other online encyclopedic resources
- 3 Paper encyclopedias
- 4 Comparison of encyclopedias
- 5 Size of other information collections
- 6 The cost of a printed Wikipedia
- 7 Footnote on Wikipedia statistics
- 8 See also
- 9 References
Currently, the English Wikipedia alone has over 5,205,169 articles of any length, and the combined Wikipedias for all other languages greatly exceed the English Wikipedia in size, giving more than 27 billion words in 40 million articles in 293 languages. The English Wikipedia alone has over 2.9 billion words, over 60 times as many as the next largest English-language encyclopedia, Encyclopædia Britannica, and more than the enormous 119-volume Spanish-language Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana.
In 2005 the English-language Wikipedia more than doubled in size, and many smaller Wikipedias have grown by a higher multiple.
Wikipedia is still in need of much expansion and improvement. Many of the articles are of poor quality and some mainstream encyclopedia topics are not covered adequately. In addition, the average article length is only a little over half the size of that in Encyclopædia Britannica, although many major articles are considerably longer. Over time the balance of the editorial effort is expected to slowly tilt towards a greater emphasis on increasing the quality, scope, classification and interlinkage of existing articles. However, new articles will probably always be created in large numbers, as Wikipedia's conventions on acceptable article topics incorporate huge numbers of potential new articles every year (newly prominent people, current events, media products, physical products, etc.). In mid-2006, the rate of new article creation was still rising, but only slowly. As of January 2007[update] it looked as if the rate of article creation may have peaked in mid 2006, though subsequent analysis may show otherwise. See Wikipedia:Modelling Wikipedia's growth for more on Wikipedia's growth rate and expected future size.
Other online encyclopedic resources
There are many other online databases which combine several encyclopedias and encyclopedic dictionaries and allow users to search all of the works simultaneously. One example is Oxford Reference Online—a database of 221 encyclopedias and encyclopedic dictionaries, offering about 1.4 million articles as of 2011[update], with expansions planned for the future. Another example is Xrefplus, which offers access to 262 encyclopedias, dictionaries, and other reference books. This all added up to about 2.9 million entries when the database had 225 titles. There also is HighBeam Research and GaleNet. GaleNet—which is likely the largest named so far—offers users the ability to search several encyclopedia databases, including the Biography Resource Center (1,335,000 people), Gale Virtual Reference Library (594 reference books), and the Science Resource Center (51 titles), among others.
The largest paper encyclopedia ever produced is possibly the Yongle Encyclopedia, completed in 1407 in 11,095 books, 370 million Chinese characters. The individual books that made up the encyclopedia were small by modern standards; the work was twelve times the size of the 20 million word French Encyclopédie, giving 240 million words, or 21,600 words per book, although it is unclear if that is how it differs from the Encyclopédie in size. It is also unclear if it is twelve times larger than the original 28-volume version of the Encyclopédie completed in 1772 or the 35-volume version completed in 1780. The Yung-lo ta-tien was a collection of excerpts and entire existing works, rather than an original work. Only two copies were made and all that survives is a small fraction of one copy.
Comparison of encyclopedias
|The factual accuracy of parts of this Wikipedia page (those related to section) may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this Wikipedia page to reflect recent events or newly available information and see the talk page for possible discussion on this. (April 2009)|
Numbers regarding total characters are based on an estimated average word length of five, plus a space, or six characters per word.
|Average words per article|
|Baike.com (formerly Hudong) (Chinese Wiki)||Nov 2009||3,920+||4,300+||—||1097|
|Siku Quanshu (四庫全書)*||1782†||—||800||—|
|Yongle Encyclopedia (永樂大典) *||1403†||—||370 / 770||—|
|Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana||1933||>1,000‡||200||1,000||—|
|Gǔjīn Túshū Jíchéng (古今圖書集成)||1725†||—||100||—|
|Encyclopedia of China (中国大百科全书)||1993||80||126.4||1580|
|Die Brockhaus Enzyklopädie||2006||>300||33||?||—|
|Great Soviet Encyclopedia||1978||100||21††||200||570|
|Microsoft Encarta||Encarta Deluxe 2002||70‡‡||40||200||600|
|Microsoft Encarta||Encarta Deluxe 2005**||63||40||200||200|
|Microsoft Encarta||2002 Encarta Encyclopedia||40||26||200||200|
|Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia Online||—||39||11||70||280|
|Columbia Encyclopedia||Sixth ed. 2000||51||6.5||40||130|
|Meyers Konversations-Lexikon||Fourth ed. 1888–92||97||15.5||110||—|
|Encyclopædia Universalis||13th ed. 2008||41.5⁑||60||350||1450|
|Ottův slovník naučný||1888-1908||150||?||130||?|
*Classical Chinese is a very compact language. The result is very short in size for the same content.
†It is said that Yongle is larger than Siku, but it is uncertain how they were compared.
‡Kenneth F. Kister, Kister's best encyclopedias: a comparative guide to general and specialized encyclopedias, (1994) p. 450. [Article count is for the 82-volume edition, rather than the 119-volume one.]
§Alfieri, G. Treccani Degli. "Enciclopedia italiana" Diccionario Literario (2001 HORA, S.A.)
**Number of encyclopedic articles. The Nationalencyklopedin totals 356,000 entries.
††Kister, op. cit., p. 365.
**Includes 10,000 historical archives.
‡‡Advertised as containing "over 63,000 articles...with 36,000-plus map locations, and over 29,000 editor-approved Web site links." The 2006 Premium CD-ROM had 68,000 articles.
⁑Advertised as containing 41,500 articles written by 6,803 authors, 60 million of words, 350 million of characters, 360,000 links, 122,000 definitions in the included dictionary, 130,000 bibliographical references.
Size of other information collections
- The Guide Star Catalog II has entries on 998,402,801 distinct astronomical objects searchable online.
- The World Resources Institute claims that approximately 1.4 million species have been named, out of an unknown number of total species. A 2011 study says there are 8,700,000 species (6,500,000 land species, 2,200,000 marine species).
- As of June 2014[update], over 81 million CAS registry numbers have been allocated for chemical compounds.
- The Beilstein database claims entries on "8 million organic and 1.4 million inorganic and organometallic compounds".
- The Merck Index Subscription Edition has over 10,000 monographs on chemical compounds.
Film and television
- As of 10 June 2016[update], The Internet Movie Database has records on 3,793,472 titles and 7,266,040 names.
- Each human being is estimated to have 20,000 to 25,000 genes.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man has over 23,000 entries, each describing a known gene, as of 23 July 2015[update].
- GenBank, an online database of DNA sequences from over 260,000 species (), has (as of January 2008[update]) over 110 million entries (sequence records) covering over 100 gigabases.
- Ordnance Survey MasterMap (official site) is a record of every fixed feature in Great Britain, in a continuous digital map. Each of the 440 million has a unique TOID (TOpographical IDentifier).
- The National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) (http://www.nima.mil/) GEOnet Names Server contains approximately 3.88 million named geographical features outside the United States, with 5.34 million names.
- As of March 2004[update], the USGS Geographic Names Information System claims to have almost 2 million physical and cultural geographic features within the United States.
- As of August 2011[update], GeoNames () contains over 10 million geographical names and consists of 7.5 million unique features whereof 2.8 million populated places and 5.5 million alternate names.
- Over 25 billion web pages with over 1 trillion unique URLs were known to Google on February 24, 2006.
- Netcraft logged roughly 10'.3 million distinct websites in September 2014.
- As of April 2013[update], the DMOZ web index claims to have over 1 million categories for over 5 million websites.
- As of August 2011[update], Internet Archive claims to have indexed over 150 billion pages, +548,000 moving images, +82,000 concerts, +948,000 recordings and +2,945,000 texts.
- The Oxford Dictionary of English (formerly The New Oxford Dictionary of English) claims 355,000 definitions, and four million words of text.
- The Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition claims 291,500 definitions (with 615,100 word forms defined), and 59 million words of text.
- American Jurisprudence, Second Edition, is a 231 volume collection of American common law.
- Black's Law Dictionary, Ninth Edition, has 45,000 common law legal terms.
- The Encyclopedia of Law has 105,000 legal entries.
- The British Library is known to hold over 150 million items.
- The Library of Congress claims that it holds approximately 155 million items, 12 million of which are electronically searchable.
- Copac is a searchable electronic catalogue of over 35 million books held in libraries in the United Kingdom and Ireland (includes all electronic records from the British Library)
- The freeDB database holds information for nearly 2 million compact discs. Many of the disks are duplicates, however, so the number of unique CDs is unclear.
- The All Music database contains entries for over 2,200,000 releases, and over 20,000,000 tracks (as of October 2013[update]).
- The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Second Edition, claims "25 million words with over 29,000 articles" about the subject of music alone.
- As of August 2011[update], Jamendo project contains over 50,000 free and open albums.
- Thomson-Gale's Biography Resource Center contains over 1,335,000 biographies. 335,000 are essays, while over a million are thumbnail entries.
- The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography has over 50,000 articles on famous Britons, in 50 million words (implying an average article size of 1000 words).
- The old British Dictionary of National Biography had 36,500 articles in 33 million words.
Science and Technology
- The Espacenet free online service contains records on more than 80 million patent publications from the European Patent Office patent databases.
- The Inspec database contains over 14 million abstracts.
- The Compendex database contains over 18 million records.
- The Elsevier BIOBASE database contains over 4.1 million records.
- The IEEE Xplore database contains nearly 4 million records.
The cost of a printed Wikipedia
The Print Wikipedia project published all of the English Wikipedia text, without photos, as of 2015 in 7473 volumes with 700 pages each (5.2 million pages in total). Lulu is willing to sell each volume for $80, and the whole set for $500,000.
As of July 2015[update], there were approximately 23 billion characters. Assuming 5,000 characters per page that would yield 4.6 million pages. If you then add 25% for extra space for photos, tables, and diagrams, that would yield 5.75 million pages. This would produce 14,375 volumes of 400 pages each. As an example, allowing US$0.05 per page would yield a cost of US$287,500 without binding.
Footnote on Wikipedia statistics
Very detailed statistics for almost all aspects of Wikipedia are available from http://stats.wikimedia.org/EN/Sitemap.htm.
Statistics for this page are taken from the Article count (alternate) table and from the Words table.
- 1.4 million articles that have at least a single link.
- 1.3 million articles that have at least a single link and 200 readable characters (roughly equivalent to at least 33 words).
Taking the difference of these two figures, there are about:
- 100,000 articles that have at least a single link but fewer than 200 characters.
There is also an uncounted number of articles which have no links. The current statistics provide no indication of the size of this last category. The 609 million words in fact span the 1.3 million bona fide articles, the remaining 100,000 linked articles, and the unknown number of articles without links. A rough estimate of the word count in the latter two categories is ten million words. Dividing the remaining 600 million words by 1.3 million gives a mean article length of about 460 words.
Further, of the articles on the English Wikipedia, perhaps 36,000 are "data dumped" gazetteer entries about towns and cities in the United States. It is controversial whether gazetteer entries should count towards the number of "real" encyclopedia articles; however, their statistical significance is very much less now than in October 2002 when they were added. Very many have been colonised by Wikipedians who have transformed them to varying extents, including to an unimpeachably encyclopedic status.
- Wikipedia:Modelling Wikipedia's growth
- Wikipedia:Size of Wikipedia (focuses on article count)
- Wikipedia:Largest encyclopedia
- Wikipedia:Statistics Department
- User:Emijrp/All human knowledge
- Source material for article
- Wikipedia Statistics All languages (11.9 billion words estimate from 6 billion in Nov 2009 plus 1 billion every 9 months)
- Wikipedia Statistics English
- Oxford Reference online
- Gale Virtual Reference Library
- Science Resource Center
- "Yongle dadian". Encyclopædia Britannica.
- Yongle Encyclopedia
- Yongle Encyclopedia
- Yongle Encyclopedia
- Encyclopedia Britannica Store
- Grolier online
- 2008 Press release
- El cálculo más preciso de la historia cifra las especies que viven en la Tierra en 8,7 millones (Spanish)
- Online Mendelian Inheritance
- site statistics
- 7,473 volumes at 700 pages each: meet Print Wikipedia « Wikimedia blog